Territorial and Branch Assessment of Water Management Balance of Georgia Based on Differential Estimation and Modeling of Economic Impact on Water Resources
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2015, Pages: 51-57
Received: Mar. 5, 2015;
Accepted: Mar. 8, 2015;
Published: Jun. 25, 2015
Views 2752 Downloads 98
Nino Kezevadze, Directorate, ltd “Georgian Water and Power”, Tbilisi, Georgia
Political and social-economic coups in the 1990s of the last century in Georgia, as well as in countries of the former USSR and East Europe has left its mark on the water management problems of those countries. Thus, for alternative assessment of probable water economy balance first priority is to select a representative period in dynamics for utilization of water resources. For Georgia such period is 1980s of the last century, as the most active period in historic economic development. The indicated period is characterized by comparatively reliable water management statistics, with stable socio-economic background and maximum anthropogenic load on water resources. For the very period branch and territorial structure of water management balance have been studied. Based on that alternative forecast have been assessed for the first quarter of the current century,according to the planned scenario during the above mentioned period. The indicated studies have been carried out based on differential assessment and mathematical modeling of economic load on water resources. Water management models have been developed for certain categories of water consumers using economic, demographic and ecological criteria.
Territorial and Branch Assessment of Water Management Balance of Georgia Based on Differential Estimation and Modeling of Economic Impact on Water Resources, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Special Issue: Applied Ecology: Problems, Innovations.
Vol. 4, No. 3-1,
2015, pp. 51-57.
M.Lvovich. World water resources and its future. M., 1974, 448 p. (Rus.)
M.Lvovich. Water and Life. M., 1986, 254p.(Rus.)
Water balance of the Caucasus and its geographical features (consistency with natural laws).Tbilisi,1991, 142p.(Rus.)
N.Koronkevich, I.Zaitseva. Change in specific water consumption in the Russian Federation for the last decades. Water resources, 1999, volume I, 90-95.(Rus.)
I. Bitz. Trend analyses, forecasting and long-term planning of water consumption in river basin.Scientific basis for rational utilization, conservation and management of water resources. Part I, M., 1983,78-85(Rus.)
J.Alcamo, P.Döll, Th.Henrichs, F.Kaspar, B.Lehner,Th.Rösch, S.Siebert. Global estimates of water withdrawals and availability under current and future ‘business-as-usual’ conditions. Hydological Sciences Journal, 2003, volume 48, No. 3, pp. 339–48.
F.Molle, D.Vallée. Managing competition for water and the pressure on ecosystems. WWAP (World Water Assessment Programme). United Nations World Water Development Report 3: Water in a Changing World. Paris/London, UNESCO Publishing/Earthscan, 2009,150–159.
Guidelines on Strategic Planning and Management of Water Resources. ST/ESCAP/2346. New York: United Nations, 2004, 94p.
Dinar, A. and Saleth, R. M. Can water institutions be cured? A water institutions health index. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply, Vol. 5, No. 6, 2005,17–40.
Pres, A. 2008. Capacity building: a possible approach to improved water resources management. Water Resources Development, Vol. 24, No. 1,123-134.
GWP-TAC (Global Water Partnership – Technical Advisory Committee). Integrated Water Resources Management. TAC Background Papers 4. Stockholm, GWPTAC, 2000.http://www.gwpforum.org/gwp/library/TACNO4.pdf