Challenges of Local Government, Environmental Justice, Sustainable Development: The Case of Qellem Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 9, Issue 3, June 2020, Pages: 72-81
Received: Aug. 19, 2019;
Accepted: May 27, 2020;
Published: Jun. 28, 2020
Views 14 Downloads 12
Jemal Hussein Abdulle, College of Social Sciences, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Currently, environment related problem is becoming a burning issue for every individuals and group of people living in the globe irrespective of our background as we have only one world that can’t be replaced by another one. We don’t have a reserve world therefore the only chance that we have is conserving it. Therefore, different scholars today have taken up to come across possible remedies as the issue is multidisciplinary in its nature. This problem is also visible in Ethiopian society at local level. One way of tackling environmental problem is giving attention to the impacts of environmental injustice on sustainable development. Therefore, this research tries to assess challenges of local government in storing up environmental justice to realize sustainable development. The main finding of this research is that the local government has less contribution in storing up environmental justice to realize sustainable development in the given areas. There is no enough awareness creation from government side regarding resettlement policy in a way that the re-settlers are not friendly treating their environment. Re-settlers are doing injustice on old settlers, future generations, living and non-living things, and on themselves since they have over-exploited natural resources in concerned areas. I used both primary and secondary datum to carry out this research. I suggest that concerned government bodies, civil societies or non-governments organizations should play their part to alleviate the problems.
Jemal Hussein Abdulle,
Challenges of Local Government, Environmental Justice, Sustainable Development: The Case of Qellem Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Special Issue: Enhancing Natural Resource Conservation for Sustainable Development.
Vol. 9, No. 3,
2020, pp. 72-81.
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Schlosberg, David.(2007) Defining Environmental Justice: Theories, Movements, and Sen, Nature. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Finger, Marina de Oliveira and Zorzi, Filepe Bortoncello. (2013) “Environmental Justice.” V1, pp. 222-243.
Munnik, Victor. (2007) “Solidarity for Environmental Justice in Southern Africa.” A Report for groundwork. Available from http://www.groundwork.org.za/Publications/SolidarityforEJinSA.pdf
Steady, Filomina C. (2009) “Introduction”, in Fillomina, Steady (ed.) Environmental Justice in the New Millennium: Global Perspectives on Race, Ethnicity, and Human Rights. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 1-16.
Shrader- Frechette, Kristin (2002) Environmental Justice: Creating Equality, Reclaiming Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pellow, David N. (2007). Resisting Global Toxics: Transnational Movements for Environmental Justice. Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: The MIT Press.
Agyeman, Julian et al (eds.) Just Sustainabilities: Development in an Unequal World. UK and USA: EARTHSCAN Publications Ltd, pp. 38-63.
Adeola, Francis O. (2001) “Environmental Injustice and Human Rights Abuse: The States, MNCs, and Repression of Minority Groups in the World System.” Human Ecology Review, No. 1, V. 8, pp. 39-59.
Bullard, Robert. D (1990) Dumping in Dixie: Race, Class, and Environmental Quality. 3rd ed. Central Avenue, Boulder, and Colorado: Westview Press.
UlHaq, Mahbub. (1995) Reflections on human development: How the focus of development economics shifted from national income accounting to people-centred policies, told by one of the chief architects of the new paradigm. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Vilaynanh Phoneppraseuth. (2012) From Resettlement to Sustainable Livelihood Development: The Potential of Resettlement and Livelihood Restoration Arrangement to Achieve livelihood Sustainability. Massey University, Palmerstone North, New Zealand..
Frank Laczko and Christine Aghazarm. (2009) Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence, International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva, Switzerland.
Shumete Gizaw. (2013) Resettlement Revisited: The Post-Resettlement Assessment in Biftu Jalala Resettlement Site. EJBE Vol. 3 No. 1/2013.
Jones, Samantha. (2013) Sacred Forests and the Social Dimensions of Conservation in the North Pare Mountains of Tanzania: MS Thesis, University of Dodoma, Dodoma press, Tanzania.
Jason Bremner and Lori M. Hunter. (2104) Migration and the Environment: Population Bulletin 69, no. 1.
Kyle Whyte. (2017) Indigenous Experience, Environmental Justice and Settler Colonialism. Michigan State University.
Tadesse, Girma. (2018) Aspects of Deforestation and Efforts of Forest Conservation in Selected Kebeles of GobaWereda, Bale Zone, Oromia Regional State.
FAO. (2018) The State of Food and Agriculture 2018: Migration, Agriculture and Rural Development. Rome. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Wood, Adrian. (1993) Natural Resource Conflicts in South-West Ethiopia: State, Communities, and the Role of the National Conservation Strategy in the Search for Sustainable Development: University of Huddersfield, UK.
Ellen Winberg (2011) Participatory Forest Management in Ethiopia, Practices and Experiences: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sub-regional Office For Eastern Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.