Nexus Between Land Grabbing and Development: Perspective of Environmental Injustice in Ethiopia
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2019, Pages: 115-120
Received: Aug. 19, 2019;
Accepted: Oct. 15, 2019;
Published: Dec. 2, 2019
Views 73 Downloads 28
Jemal Hussein Abdulle, College of Social Sciences, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Mufedei Mohammed Kasim, College of Natural Resource and Environmental Science, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Follow on us
This paper explores the overall relationship between land grabbing and development from the perspective of environmental injustice in Ethiopia. The study principally relied on analysis and reflection of secondary sources. Hitherto, much scholarly discourse has tried to seek remedy for the challenges of land grabbing from political aspects. However, this article attempted to open up a new vista of environmental stewardship from the view point of ethical philosophy. Therefore, we try to explore how land grabbing, as one instance of environmental injustice, has negatively affected the development of societies in Ethiopia. The problem of land grabbing is reality in many parts of Ethiopia like Gambella, Oromia and Benishangul-Gumuz regions. For instance, the Elfora Agro-Industries owner has also evicted poor societies from their land without proper compensation. The integration of Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia, with the surrounding area is one form of land grabbing which impose negative impacts on the genuine development of local communities in Ethiopia. As a result, we suggest that inspiring marginalized communities to participate in environmental decision making is very important issue. For instance, Indian Conglomerate Karuturi Company had acquired so many hectares of land by displacing local communities without paying proper compensation for the local societies in the above mentioned regions of Ethiopia.
Development, Environment, Environmental Injustice, Integrated Master Plan, Land Grabbing
To cite this article
Jemal Hussein Abdulle,
Mufedei Mohammed Kasim,
Nexus Between Land Grabbing and Development: Perspective of Environmental Injustice in Ethiopia, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Special Issue: Enhancing Natural Resource Conservation for Sustainable Development.
Vol. 8, No. 6,
2019, pp. 115-120.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Schlosberg, David. (2007) Defining Environmental Justice: Theories, Movements, and Sen, Nature. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Shrader- Frechette, Kristin (2002) Environmental Justice: Creating Equality, Reclaiming Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pellow, David N. (2007). Resisting Global Toxics: Transnational Movements for Environmental Justice. Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: The MIT Press.
Girma, Henok (2014). Environmental Injustice, Human Rights and Democracy in Africa. Addis Ababa University.
Adugna, Mengistu (2015) Environmental Injustice, Human Rights Violation and Development in Africa. Addis Ababa University.
The Oakland Institute (2010) (Mis) investment in Agriculture: The Role of the International Finance Corporation In Global Land Grabs. Oakland: USA.
Rahmato, Dessalegn. (2014) The Perils of Development from above: Land Deals in Ethiopia. V.12 Taylor and Francis Group.
Cotula, Lorenzo, Sorja, Vermeulen, Rebeca, Leonard, and James, Keeley. (2009) Land Grab or Development Opportunity? Agricultural Investment and International Land Deals In Africa. London/Rome: IIED/FAO/IFAD.
Kachika, Tinyade. (2010) Land Grabbing in Africa: A Review of the Impacts and the Possible Policy Responses. (Unpublished)
The Oakland Institute (2011a). Understanding Land Investment Deals in Africa: Country report: Ethiopia. Oakland: USA.
Rahmato, Dessalegn. (2011) Landto Investors: Large-Scale Land Transfers in Ethiopia. FSS Discussion Paper, Forum for Social Studies, Addis Ababa.
Riedel, Karolina (2011) “Land Grabbing in Ethiopia-Welfare or Farewell: Is it a Story Painted In Black and White?”, MA thesis (Sweden). University of Gothenburg.
The Oakland Institute (2011b). Understanding Land Investment Deals in Africa: FAQs on How Land Grabs Contribute to Hunger and Conflict. Oakland: USA.
Mahaprashasta, J. Ashirwad. (2012) World Affairs: Recolonising Afria: Ethiopia witnesses large- scale forcible displacement of villagers in what has become the norm in the past decade in Africa. U.S. Frontline.
Amnesty International. (2014) “Because I am Oromo: Sweeping Repression in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia.” London: United Kingdom.
Ethiopia Human Rights Project. (2016) “Oromo Protests: 100 Days of Public Protests.” Addis Ababa. Ethiopia.
Henok, Gabissa. (2016) “Master Plan and the Oromo Protests. OSA Symposium, Washington DC.” (www.oromostudies.org).