Municipal Solid Waste Source Identification, Characterization and Physical Composition Analysis, Case Study Wolkite Town, Ethiopia
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 8, Issue 2, April 2019, Pages: 48-53
Received: Apr. 14, 2019;
Accepted: Jun. 13, 2019;
Published: Jul. 15, 2019
Views 149 Downloads 35
Yenenesh Hailu, Department of Natural Resources Management, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Terefe Hanchiso, Department of Natural Resources Management, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Abreham Bereta, Department of Natural Resources Management, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Follow on us
Solid waste, which is a consequence of day-to-day activity of human kind, needs to be managed properly. This study deals with municipal solid waste source identification, characterization and physical composition analysis the case of wolkite town, Ethiopia. inorder to conduct this study both primary and secondary data were collected and analyzed, subsequently the Findings of this study revealed that household, hotel, restorante, Kera, schools & university, chat chewing residence are identified as major source of solid waste. Regarding solid waste physical composition and characterization analysis result indicated that in wolkite town the larger portion of solid waste generating is food and food related which constituted 25.86% followed by ash and fine sand which constituted 24.3%, the third major kind of solid waste generated from the town at the household level is a mixture of different material named as other, then manure constituted 12.17%, chat, leaves &grasses, plastic, Festal, paper, textile, and glass & ceramic constituted 5.7%, 5.7%, 4.2%, 3.42%, 1.9% and 0.39%. Thus the finding of this study recommend to work on community awareness creation about proper solid waste management, and, it is very crucial to apply appropriate solid waste management system mechanism and establish small scale enterprise those will collect solid waste in the town.
Solid Waste, Physical Composition, Characterization
To cite this article
Municipal Solid Waste Source Identification, Characterization and Physical Composition Analysis, Case Study Wolkite Town, Ethiopia, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 8, No. 2,
2019, pp. 48-53.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Tchobanoglous G., Theisen H., and Eliassen R., (1977). Solid waste Engineering principles And Management Issues McGraw-Hill Kogakush, Tokyo.
World Health Organization. (1984). Solid Waste Management in South- East Asia. WHO House, New Delhi, India. mohammed. G, 2015) acited as UNEP (1996).
Oyelola, O and Babatunde, A, 2013), Characterization of domestic and market solid wastes at source in Lagos metropolis, Lagos, Nigeria.
EPA (1995). Decision Maker’s Guide to Solid Waste Management, Volume II.
Zeng, Y., Trauth, K. M., Peyton, R. L. and Banerji, S. K. (2005). Estimation of Solid Waste Composition using two way stratification and optimum sample size: Theory and a case.
USAID, 2009, Environmental Guidelines for Small-Scale Activities in Africa.
Cochran, William G. Sampling techniques. John Wiley & Sons, 2007.
CSA (2007). Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia Population and Housing Census Report.
Dereje. (2001). Financial Urban Infrastructure and Services in Ethiopia. The Case of Solid Waste Management in Adama Town, Ethiopia.
Baabereyir. (2009). Urban environment problem. case study of social and environmental Injustice in solid waste Management.
Abebe Tegegne (2006). The Involvement of Micro and Small Enterprises in Solid Waste Management Services in Addis Ababa: The Case of Bole and Arada Sub-cities, Ethiopia.
Solomon Cheru (2011). Solid Waste Management: A Case Study of Household Solid Waste Management in Arada Sub-City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Yitayal Beyene. (2005). Domestic solid waste quantity and compositio nanalysis. Addis Ababa, Msc thesispaper, Addis.
Corrales and Horton, N. (2004). Projection of population and housing census of Nshimi Irimana, J, 2004. Attitudes and Behavior of Low-Income Households towards the Management of Domestic Solid Waste in Tafelsing.
Endrias G. (2017). Generation rate and physical composition of solid waste in Wolaita Sodo Town, southern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management.
Mesfin A. (2017). Solid Waste Generation Rate and Characterization Study for Laga Tafo Laga Dadi Town, Oromia, Ethiopia. Environmental Protection and Policy.