The Significance of Restrictions on Waste Import in Promoting Green Development in China
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 8, Issue 1, February 2019, Pages: 5-16
Received: Dec. 4, 2018;
Accepted: Jan. 2, 2019;
Published: Jan. 28, 2019
Views 93 Downloads 37
Chunlin Li, Law School, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, China
Jianqing Chen, Law School, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, China
Since its reform and opening up, China's economy has been developing rapidly, but at the same time, China’s resources and environment have been increasingly seriously exhausted and damaged. There have been many world-famous public nuisance incidents in developed countries however, pollution caused by solid waste (i.e., garbage) is no less harmful than these international public nuisances. For China, the problem of solid waste import is especially serious and has become a nightmare for the development of environmental protection. The treatment of foreign waste import is an important fundamental approach for China to realize economic transition and promote the expansion of international trade. This paper studies and analyzes the harms of imported waste, explores the practical problems and difficulties in the treatment of imported foreign waste in China and provides a breakthrough concept of green development to promote the expansion of international trade and economic transition by placing a restriction or even ban on foreign waste import. To protect its ecological environment, China has accelerated the process of institutionalizing foreign waste import and economic transition, improved the legislation and law enforcement mechanisms for the treatment of waste import, and encouraged public participation in economic transition and environmental protection. The concepts of waste import restriction and green development provide an important reference for the world.
The Significance of Restrictions on Waste Import in Promoting Green Development in China, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 8, No. 1,
2019, pp. 5-16.
Sun, J; L, G. Environmental Policy of Renewable Resources Industry. Environmental Protection. 2017, 20, 002.
Suzanne B. Goldbergd. Morals-Based Justification for Lawmaking: before and after Lawrence V. Twxas. 88 Minn. L. Rev. 1233.
What does the ban on the entry of foreign waste signify?. Available online: http://www.cenews.com.cn/gd/201704/t20170428_830850.html (accessed on 20 June 2018). (In Chinese).
Jane B. Baron. Against Market Rationality: Moral Critiques of Economic Analysis in Legal Theory. 17 Cardozo L. Rev. 431.
Song, Y; Gao, Z. On the legal Regulation of Foreign Waste. Journal of Yunnan University (Law Edition) 2014 , 27 (6) : 23-27.
Tom E. R. B. Westa. Environmental Justice and International Climate Change Legislation: a Cosmopolitan Perspective. 25 Geo. Int’l Envtl. L. Rev. 129.
Unswervingly Follow the Road of Green Development. Available online: http://epaper.tianjinwe.com/tjrb/html/2018-07/24/content_46402_297388.htm (accessed on 27 July 2018). (In Chinese).
Guo, S; Ding, G; Zhao, Q; Jiang, M. Bonus Point System for Refuse Classification and Sustainable Development: A Study in China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1776.
Luis F. Marmolejo; Luis F. Diaz; Patricia Torres; Mariela García; Mary H. Burbano; Carolina Blanco; Katherine Erazo; Jairo F. Pereira. Influence of Handling Practices on Material Recovery from Residential Solid Waste. Sustainability 2010, 2, 2070-2083.
La Vergne Lehmann. The Garbage Project Revisited: From a 20th Century Archaeology of Food Waste to a Contemporary Study of Food Packaging Waste. Sustainability 2015, 7, 6994-7010.
Huzhou Customs Seized a Great Number of Inclusions seriously Exceeding the Standard in Waste Import. Available online: http://zj.qq.com/a/20180411/012296.htm (accessed on 1 June 2018). (In Chinese)
Zhang, J. Study on the Strategy of Coping with Foreign garbage in China under the background of Industry Moving Westward. Probe 2014 (6) : 109-113.
Circular of the General Office of the State Council on the Issuance and Implementation of the Reform of the Administration System for the Import of Solid Waste. Available online: http://www.gov.cn/gongbao/content/2017/content_5217742.htm (accessed on 5 July 2018). (In Chinese).
Wael Fahmi; Keith Sutton. Cairo’s Contested Garbage: Sustainable Solid Waste Management and the Zabaleen’s Right to the City. Sustainability 2010, 2, 1765-1783.
Yat Yen; Zhanqi Wang; Yumin Shi; Bunly Soeung. The Crowding-Out Effects of Garbage Fees and Voluntary Source Separation Programs on Waste Reduction: Evidence from China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 523.
Chen, J. A Multi-dimensional Survey of the five Major Development Concepts. Ideological & Theoretical Education 2016 (1) : 4-8.
Xu, Y. Looking at the problem of foreign waste in China from the perspective of environmental inequity. Forward Position 2004 (7) : 170-172.
Kristen A. Sheeran. Ecological Economics: a Progressive Paradigm? 17 Berkeley La Raza L. J. 21.
Graham Mayeda. Where Should Johannesburg Take us? Ethical and Legal Approaches to Sustainable Development in the Context of International Environmental Law. 15 Colo. J. Int'l Envtl. L. & Pol'y 29.
Principles of Environmental Justice, supra note 12, at pmbl., nos. 2, 12.
Li, X; He, A. Interests paradox and its countermeasure research of pollution transfer from urban to rural areas. Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment 2016, 26 (8) : 56-62.
Raina Wagner. Adapting Environmental Justice: in the Age of Climate Change, Environmental Justice Demands a Combined Adaptation-Mitigation Response. 2 Ariz. J. Envtl. L. & Pol’y 153.
David Wilkinson. Environment and Law. Routledge Introductions to Environment Series 2002.
See U. N. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, supra note 7, at 1-24.
What to Do With All That Waste? Bus. Wk., Jan.18, 1999, at26.
Fan, P. On Legal Regulations for Importing Oversea Wastes. Journal of Hebei University of Economics and Trade (Comprehensive Edition) 2016 , 16 (3) : 42-47.
Carmen G. Gonzalez. An Environmental Justice Critique of Comparative Advantage: Indigenous Peoples, Trade Policy, and the Mexican Neoliberal Economic Reforms. 32 U. Pa. J. Int’l L. 723.
Han, H; Zhang, Z; Xia, S. The Crowding-Out Effects of Garbage Fees and Voluntary Source Separation Programs on Waste Reduction: Evidence from China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 678.
Guo, F. Reflections on the Import of Foreign Garbage and Responses to the Recovery of Chinese Waste Resources. Journal of Financial and Economic Theory 2014 (6) : 45-51.
Robert E. Rodes Jr., Social Justice and Liberation, 71 Notre Dame L. Rev. 619, 620 (1996).