Knit Fabric Scouring with Soapnut: A Sustainable Approach Towards Textile Pre-Treatment
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 7, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 19-22
Received: Mar. 20, 2018;
Accepted: Mar. 30, 2018;
Published: Apr. 26, 2018
Views 1411 Downloads 60
Md. Saiful Hoque, Department of Textile Engineering, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Samit Chakraborty, Department of Textile Engineering, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Forhad Hossain, Department of Dyes & Chemicals Engineering, Bangladesh University of Textiles, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Masud Alam, Yarn Dyeing Department, Paramount Textile Ltd, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Detergent contains amphiphilic molecules which diminish the surface tension of water and are widely used for industrial purpose especially during the pretreatment of fabric. When the wastewater containing industrial detergent is discharged into different water sources, it may cause detrimental effect to the aquatic environment. This research paper focuses on the comparative study of natural detergent (soapnut/reetha) and synthetic detergent in case of 100% cotton single jersey knit fabric. Experiments were done using the different concentration of soapnut and at 10% soapnut concentration, weight loss percentage and absorbency of natural detergent scoured fabric were found almost similar to that of fabric scoured with the synthetic detergent. Moreover, bursting strength of fabric scoured with soapnut was found higher than that of synthetic detergent scoured fabric. The result derived from the experiment suggest that soapnut has remarkable detergency properties and can be used as an environment-friendly alternative to synthetic detergent.
Md. Saiful Hoque,
Md. Forhad Hossain,
Md. Masud Alam,
Knit Fabric Scouring with Soapnut: A Sustainable Approach Towards Textile Pre-Treatment, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 7, No. 1,
2018, pp. 19-22.
Mojsov, K., 2012. Enzyme scouring of cotton fabrics: a review. International Journal of Marketing and Technology (IJMT), 2(9), pp. 256-275.
CHURI, R., KHADILKAR, S. and SULE, S., 2004. Enzyme Systems for processing cellulosic textiles. Colourage, 51(4), pp. 53-56.
Lin, C. H. and Hsieh, Y. L., 2001. Direct scouring of greige cotton fabrics with proteases. Textile Research Journal, 71(5), pp. 425-434.
Li, Y. and Hardin, Z. R., 1997. Enzymatic scouring of cotton: effects on structure and properties. Cellulose, 94(88.0), pp. 96-0.
Clark, M. ed., 2011. Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing: principles, processes and types of dyes. Elsevier.
Rocky, A. B. P., Comparison of Effectiveness Between Conventional Scouring & Bio-Scouring On Cotton Fabrics”.
El Shafie, A., Fouda, M. M. and Hashem, M., 2009. One-step process for bio-scouring and peracetic acid bleaching of cotton fabric. Carbohydrate Polymers, 78(2), pp. 302-308.
Hardin, I. R., 2010. Enzymatic treatment versus conventional chemical processing of cotton. In Advances in Textile Biotechnology (pp. 132-149).
Keiner, M., 2005. History, definition (s) and models of sustainable development. ETH Zurich.
Kant, R., Chopra, C. and Sisodia, N. 2017. Need for eco-friendly finished textiles. International Journal of Applied Home Science, 4(7), pp. 634-644.
Nielsen, P. H., Kuilderd, H., Zhou, W. and Lu, X., 2009. Enzyme biotechnology for sustainable textiles. Sustainable textiles. Life cycle and environmental impact, pp. 113-138.
Chakraborty, S., 2016. A Detailed Study on Environmental Sustainability in Knit Composite Industries of Bangladesh. American Journal of Environmental Protection, 5(5), pp. 121-127.
Pradhan, A. and Bhattacharyya, A., 2017. Quest for an eco-friendly alternative surfactant: Surface and foam characteristics of natural surfactants. Journal of Cleaner Production, 150, pp. 127-134.
Kherdekar, G. and Adivarekar, R. 2017. Effect of Wool Scouring Technique on Wool Fiber. International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering and Research, 3(11), pp. 289-294.
Muntaha, S. T. and Khan, M. N. 2015. Natural surfactant extracted from Sapindusmukurossi as an eco-friendly alternate to synthetic surfactant–a dye surfactant interaction study. Journal of Cleaner Production, 93, pp. 145-150.
Basu, A., Basu, S., Bandyopadhyay, S. and Chowdhury, R., 2015. Optimization of evaporative extraction of natural emulsifier cum surfactant from Sapindusmukorossi—Characterization and cost analysis. Industrial Crops and Products, 77, pp. 920-931.
Deshmukh, A. and Bansal, L. 2018. sapindus emarginatus vahl as a natural scourung agent in dyeing of cotton with carissa carandas leaf extract. Biolife, 2(2), pp. 599-604.
Chiweshe, A. and Crews, P. C., 2000. Influence of household fabric softeners and laundry enzymes on pilling and breaking strength. Textile Chemist and Colorist and American Dyestuff Reporter, 32(9), pp. 41-47.
ASTM D 1776. Standard practice for conditioning textiles for testing. American Society for Testing and Materials, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, vol. 7(1). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, USA, 2008.
ISO, B. (1999). 13938-2. Textiles–Bursting Properties of Fabrics, Part, 2.