Impact of Quality and Usage of Outdoor Spaces on Sustainable Campus Environment in Akure, Nigeria
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 105-111
Received: Feb. 28, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 1, 2017; Published: Aug. 29, 2017
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Ikudayisi Ayodele Emmanuel, Department of Architecture, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Adegbehingbe Victor Olufemi, Department of Architecture, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
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Sustainable academic environment has multiple benefits of fostering conducive living and learning as well as shaping student’s behavioural pattern towards sustainability practice in their future endeavours. Although an academic environment entails the interface of indoor and outdoor spaces, the outdoor spaces have received little research attention especially in Nigeria. This study focused on outdoor sustainability by examining the qualities, adequacy and level of usage of campus outdoor spaces and its infrastructures. An instrument tagged “Campus Outdoor Spaces Questionnaire (COSQ)” was used to collect relevant data from Four hundred and Ten (410) students drawn from six (6) Schools in Federal University of Technology Akure, (FUTA) Nigeria. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics including frequency chart, mean score and standard deviation. The study found that the students perceived the campus outdoor spaces as well landscaped, well maintained and safe; however, they opined that the outdoor furniture, sport facilities and lighting are grossly inadequate, more importantly; the outdoor spaces lack facilities that could support learning and social connectivity. Hence, recommendations were made on strategies towards achieving sustainable campus environments, urging universities to implement outdoor projects that support learning, students’ interaction and ultimately foster sustainable environment.
Campus, Environment, Outdoor Spaces, Students’ Perception, Sustainable Development
To cite this article
Ikudayisi Ayodele Emmanuel, Adegbehingbe Victor Olufemi, Impact of Quality and Usage of Outdoor Spaces on Sustainable Campus Environment in Akure, Nigeria, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2017, pp. 105-111. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20170605.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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