Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Characterization of Spring and Well Water in Bamenda III (NW Region, Cameroon)
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 163-173
Received: Apr. 16, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 22, 2015; Published: May 16, 2015
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Authors
Alice Magha, Department of Geology, HTTC, The University of Bamenda, Bambili; Bamenda, Cameroon; Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaoundé 1, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Margaret Tita Awah, Department of Geology, HTTC, The University of Bamenda, Bambili; Bamenda, Cameroon
Gus Djibril Kouankap Nono, Department of Geology, HTTC, The University of Bamenda, Bambili; Bamenda, Cameroon
Pierre Wotchoko, Department of Geology, HTTC, The University of Bamenda, Bambili; Bamenda, Cameroon
Mispa Ayuk Tabot, Department of Geology, HTTC, The University of Bamenda, Bambili; Bamenda, Cameroon
Veronique Kamgang Kabeyene, Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaoundé 1, Yaoundé, Cameroon
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Abstract
Bamenda is a major town in the NW Region of Cameroon and constitutes part of the Cameroon Volcanic line. In the frame of this work, four springs and three wells in the Bamenda III council area were investigated to evaluate the physico-chemical and bacteriological characteristics of their waters. All the water points yielded pH values below 6.5 and were classified as acidic water. Electrical conductivity ranged between 0.04-2.38μm/cm. The relative abundance of major ions (meq/l) was Ca2+ > Mg2+ > K+>Na+ for cations and HCO3ˉ > SO42ˉ > NO3ˉ > PO43ˉ for anions. Major ion concentrations were within the WHO guidelines for drinking water, but Ca2+ (110-1770mg/l) and Mg2+ (97.05-236.85mg/l) concentrations were much higher and above WHO limits. Main water types in the dry season were Ca-Mg-HCO3 while in rainy season the main water types were Ca-Mg-HCO3 and a mixed Ca-Mg-SO4. Bacterial analysis revealed that the water samples were highly polluted and classified B, C and D according to Cheesbrough classification. The spring and well waters analysed are not suitable for drinking and domestic purposes therefore the population of Bamenda III which depends on the mentioned water for drinking and domestic purposes may face serious health problems if appropriate actions are not taken to prevent and mitigate the problems.
Keywords
Bamenda III, Faecal Bacterial Analysis, Physico-Chemical Analysis, Water Quality
To cite this article
Alice Magha, Margaret Tita Awah, Gus Djibril Kouankap Nono, Pierre Wotchoko, Mispa Ayuk Tabot, Veronique Kamgang Kabeyene, Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Characterization of Spring and Well Water in Bamenda III (NW Region, Cameroon), American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2015, pp. 163-173. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20150403.17
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