Above- and Below-Ground Reserved Carbon in Danaba Community Forest of Oromia Region, Ethiopia: Implications for CO2 Emission Balance
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2015, Pages: 75-82
Received: Jan. 29, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 11, 2015; Published: Feb. 16, 2015
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Authors
Muluken Nega Bazezew, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Dilla University, Dilla, Ethiopia
Teshome Soromessa, Center for Environmental Science, College of Natural Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Eyale Bayable, Center for Environmental Science, College of Natural Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Forests can capture and retain enormous amount of carbon over long periods of time. Their role in carbon emission balance is also well documented. However, especially in developing country wide spread deforestation and forest degradation is continuing unknowingly and deliberately. This study was conducted to estimate CO2 mitigation capacity of the dry Afromontane forest of Danaba found in Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia. A systematic sampling method through Global Positioning System (GPS) was used to identify each sampling point. Results revealed that the total mean carbon density of the CF was 507.29 (1861.75 CO2 equivalents) t•ha-1 whereas trees share 319.43 (1172.31 CO2 equivalents) t•ha-1, undergrowth shrubs 0.40 (1.47 CO2 equivalents) t•ha-1, litter, herbs and grasses (LHGs) 1.06 (3.89 CO2 equivalents) t•ha-1 and soil organic carbon (SOC) 186.40 (684.09 CO2 equivalents) t•ha-1 (up to 30 cm depth). The ultimate result implies that Danaba CF is a reservoir of high atmospheric CO2. To enhance sustainability of the forest potentiality, the carbon sequestration should be integrated with Reduced Emission from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) carbon trading system of the Kyoto Protocol to get monetary benefit of CO2 mitigation.
Keywords
Carbon Sequestration, Climate Change, Community Forest, Geo-Position, Mitigation
To cite this article
Muluken Nega Bazezew, Teshome Soromessa, Eyale Bayable, Above- and Below-Ground Reserved Carbon in Danaba Community Forest of Oromia Region, Ethiopia: Implications for CO2 Emission Balance, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2015, pp. 75-82. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20150402.11
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