Above- and Below-Ground Reserved Carbon in Danaba Community Forest of Oromia Region, Ethiopia: Implications for CO2 Emission Balance
Forests can capture and retain enormous amount of carbon over long periods of time. Their role in carbon emission balance is also well documented. However, especially in developing country wide spread deforestation and forest degradation is continuing unknowingly and deliberately. This study was conducted to estimate CO2 mitigation capacity of the dry Afromontane forest of Danaba found in Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia. A systematic sampling method through Global Positioning System (GPS) was used to identify each sampling point. Results revealed that the total mean carbon density of the CF was 507.29 (1861.75 CO2 equivalents) t•ha-1 whereas trees share 319.43 (1172.31 CO2 equivalents) t•ha-1, undergrowth shrubs 0.40 (1.47 CO2 equivalents) t•ha-1, litter, herbs and grasses (LHGs) 1.06 (3.89 CO2 equivalents) t•ha-1 and soil organic carbon (SOC) 186.40 (684.09 CO2 equivalents) t•ha-1 (up to 30 cm depth). The ultimate result implies that Danaba CF is a reservoir of high atmospheric CO2. To enhance sustainability of the forest potentiality, the carbon sequestration should be integrated with Reduced Emission from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) carbon trading system of the Kyoto Protocol to get monetary benefit of CO2 mitigation.
Muluken Nega Bazezew,
Above- and Below-Ground Reserved Carbon in Danaba Community Forest of Oromia Region, Ethiopia: Implications for CO2 Emission Balance, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 4, No. 2,
2015, pp. 75-82.
E. Sundquist, B. Robert, F. Stephen, G. Robert, H. Jennifer, K. Yousif, T. Larry, and W. Mark, “Carbon Sequestration to Mitigate Climate Change”, USA, New York: U.S. Geological Survey, pp. 1–4, 2008.
FAO, “Global Forest Resource Assessment”, Rome Italy: FAO, Main report, Forest paper 103, 2010.
Saatchi, S.M., Harris, S., Brown, M., Lefsky, E., Mitchard, W., Salas, B., Zutta, W., Buermann, S., Lewis, S., Hagen, S., Petrova, L., White, M., and Silman, A., “Benchmark map of carbon forest carbon stocks in tropical regions across three continents”, Proceedings of the Natural of Academy Science, 108(24), 9899–9904, 2011.
World Bank, “Convenient solutions to an inconvenient truth: Ecosystem-based approaches to climate change”, Washington D.C.:World Bank, 19 pp, 2009.
Digital soil and terrain data base of East Africa, “Soil and Terrain Database for Northeastern Africa”,Rome, Italy: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 1997.
Chave, J., Andalo, C., Brown, S., Cairns, M., Chambers, J., Eamus, D., Folster, H., Fromard, F., Higuchi, N., and Kira T., 2005,“Tree allometry and improved estimation of carbon stocks and balance in tropical forests”, Oecologia, 145, 87–99.
P.R. Tamrakar, “Biomass and Volume Tables with Species Description for Community Forest Management”, Kathmandu, Nepal: Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, 2000.
Morales, J.B., “Wood specific gravity from two tropical forests in Mexico”,IAWA Bulletin New Series, 8(2), 143–148, 1987.
G. Reyes, S. Brown, J. Chapman, and A.E., “Wood Density of Tropical Tree Species”, New Orleans, Louisiana, Winrock International, Southern Research Station: USDA Forest Service Publication, pp. 10–30, 1992.
IPCC, “Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry, J. Penman, M. Gytarsky, T. Hiraishi, T. Krug, D. Kruger, R. Pipatti, L. Buendia, K. Miwa, T. Ngara, K. Tanabe, and F. Wagner”, Eds. Hayama, Japan: IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, 2003.
E.R. Sharma, and J. Pukkala, “Volume Tables for Forest Trees of Nepal”, Kathmandu, Nepal: Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, 84 pp, 1990.
K.G. MacDicken, “A Guide to Monitoring Carbon Storage in Forestry and Agroforestry Projects”, Arlington, Virginia: Forest Carbon Monitoring Program Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, 84 pp, 1997.
IPCC, “Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories”,Hayama, Japan: National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Program, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies Publishing, No. 4, 2006.
Ullah, M.R., and Al-Amin M., “Above- and below-ground carbon stock estimation in a natural forest of Bangladesh”, Journal of Forest Science, 58(8), 372–379, 2012.
S.E. Allen, H.M. Grimshaw, and A.P. Rowland, “Chemical analysis, In: Methods in Plant Ecology, P.D. Moore, and S.B. Chapman”, Eds. Boston, USA: Blackwell Scientific Publications, pp. 285–300, 1986.
T. Pearson, S. Walker, and S. Brown, “Sourcebook for Land-use, Land-use Change and Forestry Projects”, Arlington, USA: Winrock International and the Bio-carbon Fund of the World Bank, pp. 18–35, 2005.
S.M.I. Huq, and M.D. Alam, “A Handbook on Analyses of Soil, Plant and Water”, Bangladesh: BACER-DU, University of Dhaka, 246 pp., 2005.
S. Brown, “Estimating Biomass and Biomass Change of Tropical Forests”, Rome, Italy: A primer, pp. 20–55, 1997.
Achard, F., Eva, H.D., Mayaux, P., Stibig, H.J., and Belward, A.,“Improved estimates of net carbon emissions from land cover change in the tropics for the 1990s Glob”,Biogeochem. Cycles, 18, 1029–42, 2004.
Anup, K.C., Bhandari, G., Joshi, G.R., and Aryal, S.,“Climate change mitigation potential from carbon sequestration of community forest in mid hill region of Nepal”, International Journal of Environmental Protection, 3(7), 33–40, 2013.
Adugna, F., Teshome, S., and Mekuria, A., “Forest carbon stocks and variations along altitudinal gradients in Egdu Forest: Implications of managing forests for climate change mitigation”, Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, 2(4), 40–46, 2013.
Mohammed, G., Teshome, S., and Satishkumar, B., “Forest carbon stocks in woody plants of Tara Gedam forest: Implication for climate change mitigation”, Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, 3(1), 101–107, 2014.
R.d.Lasco, F.B. Pulhin, R.G. Visco, D.A. Racelis, I.Q. Guillermo, and R.F. Sales, “Carbon stocks assessment of Philippine forest ecosystems”, Philips, Bogor, pp. 28–29, 2000.
Brown, S., and Lugo, A.E., “The storage and production of organic matter in tropical forests and their role in the global carbon cycle”,Biotropical, 14, 161–187, 1982.
Munishi, P.K., and Shear, T., “Carbon storage of two afromontane rain forests in the eastern arc mountains of Tanzania”, Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 16(1), 78–93, 2014.
Mendoza-Vega, J., Karltun, E., and Olsson M., “Estimations of amounts of soil organic carbon and fine root carbon in land use and land cover classes, and soil types of Chiapas highlands, Mexico”, Forest Ecology Management, 177, 191–206, 2003.
Chowdhury, M.S.H., Biswas, S., Halim, M.A., Haque, S.M.S., Muhammed, N., and Koike M., “Comparative analysis of some selected macronutrients of soil in orange orchard and degraded forests in Chittagong hill tracts, Bangladesh”, Journal of Forest Science, 1, 27–30, 2007.