Suppressing Hydrogen Sulfide Generation by Nitrate or Oxygen Addition in Column Percolation Experiment
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2015, Pages: 55-61
Received: Jan. 20, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 1, 2015; Published: Feb. 6, 2015
Views 2629      Downloads 94
Authors
Shumpei Kitazaki, Graduate School of Fisheries Science and Environmental Studies, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
Kei Nakagawa, Graduate School of Fisheries Science and Environmental Studies, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
Tomonori Kindaichi, Graduate School of Engineering, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima University, Higashihiroshima, Japan
Hiroshi Asakura, Graduate School of Fisheries Science and Environmental Studies, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
H2S generation suppression by the addition of NO3 from reagent (NR) or compost (NC), and O2 supply (OX) was quantitatively estimated in column percolation experiments. The cumulative amounts of oxygen added exceeded 300 mmol-O/L in NR and NC, and approximately 2 mmol-O/L in OX on day 75. The cumulative amounts of H2S generated on day 60 in control, NR, NC, and OX were 69, 26, 71, and 31 mmol-H2S/L, respectively. The amounts in NR and OX were half of that in control, whereas the amount in NC was almost the same as that in control. The H2S generation rates from day 50 to day 60 in control, NR, NC, and OX were 0.86, 0.019, 0.75, and 0.041 mmol-H2S/(L•d), respectively, and the rates in NR, NC, and OX were 0.02, 0.9, and 0.05 times that in control. In this way, the H2S generation suppression effects of NO3 reagent addition were observed. In NR, although NO3 was injected from the top of the column, the suppression effect reached the deep layer.
Keywords
Landfill Site, Waste Gypsum Board, Hydrogen Sulfide, Generation Suppression, Nitrate
To cite this article
Shumpei Kitazaki, Kei Nakagawa, Tomonori Kindaichi, Hiroshi Asakura, Suppressing Hydrogen Sulfide Generation by Nitrate or Oxygen Addition in Column Percolation Experiment, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2015, pp. 55-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20150401.18
References
[1]
Lee, S., Xu, Q., Booth, M., Townsend, T.G., Chadik, P., Bitton, G., 2006. Reduced sulfur compounds in gas from construction and demolition debris landfills. Waste Management 26, 526–533.
[2]
Eun, S., Reinhart, D.R., Cooper, C.D., Townsend, T.G., Faour, A., 2007. Hydrogen sulfide flux measurements from construction and demolition debris (C&D) landfills. Waste Management 27, 220–227.
[3]
Xu, Q., Townsend, T., Reinhart, D., 2010. Attenuation of hydrogen sulfide at construction and demolition debris landfills using alternative cover materials. Waste Management 30(4), 660–666.
[4]
Fang, J.J., Yang, N., Cen, D.Y., Shao, L.M., He, P.J., 2012. Odor compounds from different sources of landfill: Characterization and source identification. Waste Management 32, 1401–1410.
[5]
López, A., Lobo, A., 2014. Emissions of C&D refuse in landfills: A European case. Waste Management 34, 1446–1454.
[6]
Yue, E., Han, B., Sun, Y., Yang, T., 2014. Sulfide emissions from different areas of a municipal solid waste landfill in China. Waste Management 34, 1041–1044.
[7]
Milby, T.H., Baselt, R.C., 1999. Hydrogen Sulfide Poisoning: Clarification of Some Controversial Issues. American Journal of Industrial Medicine 35, 192–195.
[8]
Townsend, T., Tolaymat, T., Leo, K., Jambeck, J., 2004. Heavy metals in recovered fines from construction and demolition debris recycling facilities in Florida. Science of the Total Environment 332, 1–11.
[9]
Townsend, T., Jambeck, J., Jang, Y., Plaza, C., Xu, Q., Clark, C., 2005. C&D Waste Landfill in Florida: Assessment of True Impact and Exploration of Innovative Control Techniques. Florida Center for Solid and Hazardous Waste Management, Gainesville, FL, USA.
[10]
Jang, Y.C., Townsend, T., 2001. Sulfate leaching from recovered construction and demolition debris fines. Advances in Environmental Research 5(3), 203–217.
[11]
Masamoto, H., Matsukiyo, A., Shigematsu, M., Matsufuji, Y., Yanase, R., 2012. Suppression of Hydrogen Sulfide Release from Waste Plasterboard Disposal in a Landfill-type Lysimeter. Journal of the Japan Society of Waste Management Experts 23(3), 144–153. (in Japanese)
[12]
Naruoka, T., Ono, Y., 2004. Control measures against hydrogen sulfide production in final landfill sites. Journal of National Environmental Research 29(4), 14–19. (in Japanese)
[13]
Bergersen, O., Haarstad, K., 2014. Treating landfill gas hydrogen sulphide with mineral wool waste (MWW) and rod mill waste (RMW). Waste Management 34, 141–147.
[14]
Adib, F., Bagreev, A., Bandosz, T.J., 1999. Effect of Surface Characteristics of Wood-Based Activated Carbons on Adsorption of Hydrogen Sulfide. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 214(2), 407–415.
[15]
Karge, H.G., Raskó, J., 1978. Hydrogen sulfide adsorption on faujasite-type zeolites with systematically varied Si-Al ratios. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 64(3), 522–532.
[16]
Bentzen, G., Smit, A.T., Bennett, D., Webster, N.J., Reinholt, F., Sletholt, E., Hobsont, J., 1995. Controlled dosing of nitrate for prevention of H2S in a sewer network and the effects on the subsequent treatment processes. Water Science and Technology 31(7), 293–302.
[17]
Zhang, L., Schryver, P.D., Gusseme, B.D., Muynck, W.D., Boon, N., Verstraete, W., 2008. Chemical and biological technologies for hydrogen sulfide emission control in sewer systems: A review. Water Research 42, 1–12.
[18]
Stumm, W., Morgan, J.J., 1996. Aquatic chemistry -Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
[19]
Farrell, M., Jones, D.L., 2010. Food waste composting: Its use as a peat replacement. Waste Management 30, 1495–1501.
[20]
Hasan, K.M.M., Sarkar, G., Alamgir, M., Bari, Q.H., Haedrich, G., 2010. Study on the quality and stability of compost through a Demo Compost Plant. Waste Management 32, 2046–2055.
[21]
Kitazaki, S., Xiao, K., Nakagawa, K., Kindaichi, T., Asakura. H., 2014. Hydrogen sulfide generation suppression by nitrate addition – application to solid waste landfill site. American Journal of Environmental Protection 3(5), 267–274.
[22]
American Chemical Society, 2006. Reagent chemicals: specifications and procedures: American Chemical Society specifications, Oxford University Press. p. 242.
[23]
Ono, Y., Tanaka, N., 2003. Preventing hazardous-level generation of hydrogen sulfide gas in landfill sites: Possibilities and administrative criteria. Journal of the Japan Society of Waste Management Experts 14(5), 248–257. (in Japanese).
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186