Measuring Progress toward Urban Sustainable Development Using a Quantitative Model (Case Study: Cities in Iran)
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2014, Pages: 96-102
Received: Mar. 29, 2014; Accepted: Apr. 15, 2014; Published: Apr. 30, 2014
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Authors
Saeed Soleymani Sardu, MSC in Regional Planinig, Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
Mohssen Torabi, MSc student in urban management, university of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Shahrbanoo Vafaei Varmazabadi, Undergraduate Student, Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran
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Abstract
Sustainable development offers a new concept for the world economy in the twenty-first century. Rather than focusing solely on income, sustainable development encourages cities, countries, and the world to focus simultaneously on three goals: economic prosperity, social inclusion, and environmental sustainability. Cities will be in the front lines of the battle for sustainable development. Not only do they face direct threats; they also have the best opportunities to identify and deliver solutions. As high-density, high-productivity settlements, cities can provide greater access to services of all kinds–including energy, water, health, education, finance, media, transport, recycling, and research – than can most rural areas. In this study first, ten indicators of Sustainable Development, some with positive relationship with sustainable development and some with negative relationship were chosen and information related to performances of 8 indices of 28 cities of Iran’s country in years 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 extracted. After extracting indices and processing them, indices were standardized. In the next step and after standardizing, using McGranahan method, correlation matrix of indices was calculated by SPSS software and weight of each index was determined. After this step, weight of each index was multiplied on each standardized index and at the end composite index for each city was calculated for 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010. Then, these composite indexes were sorted by descending. Stability numbers obtained using this method for Tehran for these years are 364, 369, 347 and 344 respectively, which was always higher than the average of 28 cities. Tehran’s rank was always between 4 and 9 showing undesirable performance which requires suitable actions.
Keywords
Sustainable Development, Quantitative, Progress, McGranahan Method, Indicator
To cite this article
Saeed Soleymani Sardu, Mohssen Torabi, Shahrbanoo Vafaei Varmazabadi, Measuring Progress toward Urban Sustainable Development Using a Quantitative Model (Case Study: Cities in Iran), American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2014, pp. 96-102. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20140302.19
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