Waste Management in the Oil and Gas Industry by Brazilian Guideline for Environmental Audits - DZ-056-R.3
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2013, Pages: 170-175
Received: Sep. 25, 2013;
Published: Nov. 10, 2013
Views 2598 Downloads 348
Eva .C. S. Nunes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Assed N. Haddad, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Oil and gas exploration and production (E&P) is the main activity for the offshore economy. Yet, this it is also responsible for many of the major environmental accidents. Environmental legislation acts strongly in this type of activity, through limitations in the exploration processes and control procedures for the generation, storage, transportation and disposal of waste, applying penalties in cases of non-conformances, such as oil spills at sea and air pollutants emissions. In this context, waste management is very important for these operations, because of the complexity and dangerousness with the waste generated, and the cost of their destination. This work presents the offshore waste management system, introducing the procedures and controls according the requirements of the Brazilian Guideline for Environmental Audits, DZ-056-R.3.
Eva .C. S. Nunes,
Assed N. Haddad,
Waste Management in the Oil and Gas Industry by Brazilian Guideline for Environmental Audits - DZ-056-R.3, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2013, pp. 170-175.
A. Barker, C.Jones, "A Critique of The Performance of EIA Within the Offshore Oil and Gas Sector.pdf," Environmental Impact Assentment Review, Vol.43 31–49 (2013).
M. D. LaGrega, P. L. Buckingham, J. C. Evans, Hazardous Waste Management, published by Waveland Press, 2nd Revised edition, USA, (2010).
State Council of Environment, "Guideline for Environmental Audits, DZ-056-R.3", 1–19 (2010).
J. E. Thomas, "Fundamentals of Petroleum Engineering",Vol.2 3-4 (2004).
Presidency of the Republic. "Brazilian Federal Law Nº. 9478", Provides for the national energy policy, the activities related to the petroleum monopoly, establishes the National Council of energy policy and the Petroleum National Agency and other provisions, (1997).
G. B. Santos, "Wastes Management in The Oil Industry: Attending of The Environmental Permitting Requirements in Brazil", 2013 South American/Caribbean Region SPE - Student Presentation/Paper Contest, (2013).
National Petroleum Agency, "Bulletin of Oil and Gas", 5-26 (2013).
Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources - IBAMA. "CGPEG/DILIC/IBAMA Nº 01", Guidelines for presenting, implementing and preparing reports in the process of environmental licensing of the offshore exploration and production of petroleum and gas ventures, 3-34 (2011).
Woodard & Curren, "Industrial Waste Treatment Handbook", published by Butterworth- Heinemann Ltd, 2nd Revised edition, USA, (2006).
Presidency of the Republic. "Brazilian Federal Law Nº. 12305", Provides The National Policy of Solid Waste, (2010).
L. P. Jackson, A. R. Rohlik, R. A. Conway, "Hazardous and Industrial Waste Management and Testing", 3rd Symposium, ASTM Special Techniques Publication 851, ASTM, Philadelphia, PA, 48-60 (1984).
M. I. P. Ferreira, R. Costa, P. Almeida, M. Cordeiro, M. A. V. Ferreira, U. Mayerhofer, "Society of hydrocarbons: problems with economical heating generated by the supply chain of oil and gas in Macaé-RJ," Social, environmental and urban impacts from the oil and gas activities: the case of Macaé, Fluminense Federal University, 169-187 (2010).