Effect of Alpha-Cypremethrin on Morphological Parameters in Tomato Plants (Lycopersiconesculentum Mill.)
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2013, Pages: 149-153
Published: Oct. 30, 2013
Views 3578      Downloads 159
Karim CHAHID, Laboratoire LAMEC, Faculté des sciences Dhar El Mehraz, Fès
Amin LAGLAOUI, Equipe de Recherche ERBGB, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Tanger
Said ZENTAR, Station d’ionisation SIBO de l’INRA, Tanger
Abdeslam ENNABILI, Laboratoire LAMEC, Faculté des sciences Dhar El Mehraz, Fès
Article Tools
Follow on us
Devastating insects are responsible of losses in quantity and quality of agricultural production. To overcome this problem, farmers use pesticides, obtained by chemical synthesis and representing the major cause of agricultural contamination of soil and groundwater. Thus, pesticides may present important risks because of their persistence, bioavailabilityand mobility, in spite of their correct application. This study has evaluated the effect of alphacypermethrin (pyrethroids class), largely used in tomato (Lycopersiconesculentum Mill.) treatment in the Northern area of Morocco.Synthetic pyrethroids are widely used as the broad-spectrum pest control agents in agricultural production because of their selective insecticidal activity, rapid biotransformation and excretion by the mammalian catabolic system and non-persistence in the environment. The effect of alpha-cypermethrin on seeds germination and seedlings growth of tomato has been studied based on morphological parameters and by using four dilutions of the normal concentration used in agriculture (100%, 75%, 50%, 25%) for germinating seeds, and only the normal concentration used in agriculture for growing tomato plants. The results indicated that alpha-cypermethrin induced a delay of germination and growth process. The germination rate of treated seeds was generally 20% lower than the control treatment. Generally the control’s germination rate was around 97% in all days of measurement period. A decrease in germination rate was observed in all concentrations of α-cypermethrin; the rate was between 80% and 88.7% and it was generally constant throughout the test period. Furthermore, the length of roots and shoots in treated seeds was significantly reduced. In this regard, shoot length of the treated seedlings was 25% and 50%-reduced for the concentrations of 25% and 100%, respectively, when compared to control shoots length. A similar result was also observed in roots, the length of the treated seedlings’roots was generally 29% and 50%-reduced for the concentrations of 25% and 100%,respectively, when compared to control roots length. Concerning the growth of roots and shoots in treated plantlets, a reduction was observed when compared to the control plantlets growth. The growth delay in the treated seedlings was observed at the 2nd week of the test period. Shoot length of treated plantlets was generally around 12%reduced when compared to the control. The same result was observed in treated plants’ roots which length was also 7% reduced compared to untreated seedlings. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Tukey test were utilised for the Post-hoc tests. A significance level of 0.05 was used for all statistical tests.
Insecticides, Tomato, Seed Germination, Plant Growth
To cite this article
Karim CHAHID, Amin LAGLAOUI, Said ZENTAR, Abdeslam ENNABILI, Effect of Alpha-Cypremethrin on Morphological Parameters in Tomato Plants (Lycopersiconesculentum Mill.), American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 149-153. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20130206.15
Arias-Estevez M, Lopez-periago E, Martinez-Carballo E, Simal-Gandara J, Mejuto JC, Garcia-Riu L (2008), The mobility and degradation of pesticides in soils and the pollution of groundwater resources, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 123: 247-260.
Borland A, Elliott S, Patterson S (2006). Are the metabolic components of crassulacean acid metabolism up-regulated in responses to an increase in oxidative burden? Journal of Experimental Botany. 57 (2) : 319-328.
Del Rio LA, Sandalio LM, Corpas FJ, Palma JM, BarrosoJB (2006). Reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species in peroxisomes. Production, scavenging, and role in cell signaling. Plant Physiology. 141: 330-335.
Delledome M, Polverari A, Murgia I (2003). The functions of nitric oxide-mediated signaling and changes in gene expression during the hypersensitive response. Antioxidants and Redox Signaling. 5 (1): 33-41.
El Bakouri H, Aassiri A, Morillo J, Usero J, Khaddor M, Ouassini A (2008). Pesticides and lipids occurrence in Tangier agricultural soil (northern Morocco). Applied Geochemistry. 23: 3487–3497
Fayez KA, Kristen U (1996). The influence of herbicides on the growth and proline content of primary roots and on the ultrastructure of root caps. Environmental and Experimental Botany.36 (1): 71-81.
Fayez KA, Gerken I, Kristen U (1994). Ultrastructural responses of root caps to the herbicides chlorsulfuron and metsulfuron methyl. Plant and Soil.167(1): 127-134.
Grun S, Lindermayr C, Sell S, (2006). Nitric oxide and gene regulation in plants. Journal of Experimental Botany. 57 (3): 507-516.
Khatun S, Babar Ali M, Hahn E-J, Paek K-Y (2008). Copper toxicity in Withaniasomnifera: Growth and antioxidant enzymes responses of in vitro grown plants. Environmental and Experimental Botany.64: 279–285
Li CX, Feng SL, Shao Y, Jiang LN, Lu XY, Hou XL (2007). Effects of arsenic on seed germination and physiological activities of wheat seedlings. Journal of Environmental Sciences19(6): 725–732
McCarty DR, Chory J, (2000). Conservation and innovation in plant signaling pathways. Cell. 103: 201-209.
Mishra V, Srivastava G, Prasad SM, Abraham G (2008). Growth, photosynthetic pigments and photosynthetic activity during seedling stage of cowpea (Vignaunguiculata) in response to UV-B and dimethoate. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. 92: 30-37.
Moore MT, Huggett DB, Huddleston GM, Rodgers JH, Cooper CM (1999). Herbicide effects on TyphaLatifolia (Linneaus) germination and root and shoot development. Chemosphere. 38 (15): 3637-3647.
Oerke EC, Dehne DW, Schonbeck F, Weber A (1994). Crop Production and Crop Protection: Estimated Losses in Major Food and Cash Crops. Elsevier Hardcover, Amsterdam, 830pp.
Ray TB (1982). The mode of action of chlorsulfuron: a new herbicide for cereals, in Fayez KA, Kristen U (1996). The influence of herbicides on the growth and proline content of primary roots and on the ultrastructure of root caps. Environmental and Experimental Botany.36 (1): 71-81.
Rost TL (1984). The comparative cell cycle and metabolic effects of chemical treatments on root tip meristem. III. Chlorsulfuron., in Fayez KA, Kristen U (1996). The influence of herbicides on the growth and proline content of primary roots and on the ultrastructure of root caps. Environmental and Experimental Botany.36 (1): 71-81.
Schurmann P, (2003). Redox signaling in the chloroplast: the ferredoxin/ thioredoxin system, Antioxidants Redox Signaling. 5 (1), 69-78.
Shao HB, Chen XY, Chu LY, Zhao XN, Wu G, Yuan YB, Zhao CX, Hu ZM, (2006). Investigation on the relationship of Proline with wheat anti-drought under soil water deficits. Biointerfaces. 53 (2), 113-119.
Shao HB, Chu LY, Cheruth AJ, Zhao CX, (2008). Water-deficit ,stress-induced anatomical changes in higher plants. ComptesRendus de Biologies 331, 215-225.
Terman A, Brunk UT, (2006). Oxidative stress, accumulation of biological ‘Garbage’, and aging, Antioxidants Redox Signaling. 8 (1-2), 197-204.
Wang YS, Yang ZM (2005). Nitric oxide reduces aluminum toxicity by preventing oxidative stress in the roots of Cassia toraL. Plant Cell Physiol. 46(12): 1915–1923.
Wang YS, Wang J, Yang ZM, Lu B, Wang QY, Li SQ, Lu YP, Wang SH, Sun X (2004). Salicylic acid modulates aluminium induced oxidative stress in roots of Cassia toraL. Acta Bot. Sin. 46: 819–828.
Yang H, Wong JWC, Yang ZM, Zhou LX (2001). The ability of Agrogyronelongatum to accumulate the single metal of cadmium, copper, nickel and lead and root exudation of organic acids. J Environ Sci, 13(3): 368–75.
Yücel E, Hatðpoglu A, Sözen E, Güner ST (2008). The effects of the lead (PbCl) on mitotic cell division of Anatolian Black Pine (Pinusnigra ssp. pallasiana). Biodicon1(2): 124129.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186