Evaluation of Physiochemical Parameters in Hand-Dug Wells Water in Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2013, Pages: 134-140
Received: Sep. 25, 2013;
Published: Oct. 20, 2013
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Esi E.O., Department of GNS (Physics unit), Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria
Marere S.O., Department of GNS (Physics unit), Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria
Peretomode M., Department of Industrial Safety and Environmental Technology, Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria
Asiagbe E. T, Department of Industrial Safety and Environmental Technology, Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria
Ohwona C., Department of Industrial Safety and Environmental Technology, Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria
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This study investigated the physiochemical parameters in hand dug wells in Burutu L.G.A. in Delta State. A total of five selected hand dug wells samples were analyzed using standard methods. The observed physiochemical parameters were colour, odour, temperature, pH, conductivity, alkalinity, turbidity, total hardness, total dissolved solid (TDS), total suspended solid (TSS), BOD, COD, nitrate (NO5), phosphate (PO3-4) and sulphate (SO2-4). The results of the hand dug wells water ranged concentrations are: Temperature (23 - 25OC), pH (5.94 - 7.22), conductivity (45.00 - 1870.00 µs/cm), alkalinity (0.80 - 35.20), total hardness (60.06 - 132.13 mg/l),TDS (20.00 - 1140.00 mg/l), TSS (30.00 - 1140.00 mg/l), BOD5 (11.52 – 400 mg/l), COD (284.00 - 1060.00 mg/l), NO3 (0.88 - 6.00 mg/l), PO3-4 (0.01 - 2.47 mg/l) and SO2-4 (0.69 - 13.78 mg/l). The high concentration of some parameters shows contamination of the hand dug well water, since they exceeded WHO standard for drinking water. This may cause some health risks on the end user. Therefore the water should be thoroughly treated before usage.
Physiochemical Parameters, Hand Dug Well, Burutu, Delta State
To cite this article
Asiagbe E. T,
Evaluation of Physiochemical Parameters in Hand-Dug Wells Water in Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2013, pp. 134-140.
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