Evaluation of Physiochemical Parameters in Hand-Dug Wells Water in Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2013, Pages: 134-140
Received: Sep. 25, 2013; Published: Oct. 20, 2013
Views 2741      Downloads 147
Authors
Esi E.O., Department of GNS (Physics unit), Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria
Marere S.O., Department of GNS (Physics unit), Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria
Peretomode M., Department of Industrial Safety and Environmental Technology, Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria
Asiagbe E. T, Department of Industrial Safety and Environmental Technology, Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria
Ohwona C., Department of Industrial Safety and Environmental Technology, Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
This study investigated the physiochemical parameters in hand dug wells in Burutu L.G.A. in Delta State. A total of five selected hand dug wells samples were analyzed using standard methods. The observed physiochemical parameters were colour, odour, temperature, pH, conductivity, alkalinity, turbidity, total hardness, total dissolved solid (TDS), total suspended solid (TSS), BOD, COD, nitrate (NO5), phosphate (PO3-4) and sulphate (SO2-4). The results of the hand dug wells water ranged concentrations are: Temperature (23 - 25OC), pH (5.94 - 7.22), conductivity (45.00 - 1870.00 µs/cm), alkalinity (0.80 - 35.20), total hardness (60.06 - 132.13 mg/l),TDS (20.00 - 1140.00 mg/l), TSS (30.00 - 1140.00 mg/l), BOD5 (11.52 – 400 mg/l), COD (284.00 - 1060.00 mg/l), NO3 (0.88 - 6.00 mg/l), PO3-4 (0.01 - 2.47 mg/l) and SO2-4 (0.69 - 13.78 mg/l). The high concentration of some parameters shows contamination of the hand dug well water, since they exceeded WHO standard for drinking water. This may cause some health risks on the end user. Therefore the water should be thoroughly treated before usage.
Keywords
Physiochemical Parameters, Hand Dug Well, Burutu, Delta State
To cite this article
Esi E.O., Marere S.O., Peretomode M., Asiagbe E. T, Ohwona C., Evaluation of Physiochemical Parameters in Hand-Dug Wells Water in Burutu, Delta State, Nigeria, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 134-140. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20130206.13
References
[1]
APHA, 1992. Standard for the examination of Wastewater 18th Edition Washington D.C. American Public Health Association.
[2]
Awofulu, OR., Dupleiss, R. and Rampedi, I. 2007. Influence of discharge Effluent on Water Quality of surface Water utilized for Agricultural Purposes. African Journal of Biotechnology. 6:2251 – 2258.
[3]
Damla, N., Cevik, U., Karahan, G., and Kobya, A.I. (2006). Gross alpha and beta activities in tap water in eastern black sea region of turkey. Chemosphere vol. 62(37). p957–960.
[4]
D’Amello, S. 2007. Preliminary water quality at Springbank Dam, Thames River. Trout Unlimited Canada: Ontario, Canada. No. ON-020. 7 – 11.
[5]
EPA. 2003. "Drinking Water Infrastructural Needs Survey". www.eoa.gov.safetywater/needssurvey/pdf2003. Factsheet 816F05014.
[6]
Iwuozor, C. and Ilabor, SC. 2010. Physiochemical and Microbial Analysis of Water Samples Collected from Anwai Stream in Oshimili- South Local government Area, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria. Contemporary Journal of Educational Research. Vol 1:172 – 181.
[7]
Marier, JR., Neri, LC and Anderson, TW. 1979. Water Hardness, Human Health, and the Importance of Magnesium. National Research council of Canada: Ottawa, Canada.
[8]
Morrison, G., Fatoki, OS and Ekberg, A. 2001. Assessment of the Impact of Point Source Pollution from Keikammahoek Sewage Treatment Plant on the Keikamma River-pH, Electrical Conductivity, Oxygen Demanding Substance (COD) and Nutrients". Water.SA.27:475-480.
[9]
Obot, IB., Israel, AU., Umaren, SA., Mkpenie, V. and Ebong, GA. 2008. Effluents and Solid Water analysis in a petrochemical company- A Case Study of Eleme Petrochemical Company Ltd, Portharcourt, Nigeria. E- Journal of Chemistry. Vol 5(1). 74 – 80.
[10]
Sachs, JD. and McArthur, JW. 2005. The Millennium Project: a plan for meeting the millennium development goals. The lancet 365.
[11]
SaravanaKumar, K. and Ranjith Kumar, R. 2011. Analysis of water quality parameters of ground water near Ambattur Industrial area, Tamil Nadu, India. India Journal of Science and Technology. 4(5): 660 – 662.
[12]
Taiwo, AM., Adeogun, AO., Olatunde, KA. and Adegbite, KI. 2011. Analysis of Groundwater Quality of Hand-Dug wells in Peri-Urban Area of Obantoko, Abeokuta, Nigeria for selected Physio-Chemical Parameters. Pacific Journal of science and Technology. 12(1):527-534.
[13]
Villa-Elena, S. 2006. Parkinson’s disease and exposure to manganese during welding. Tech. J welding Allied Process. 2(5): 106-110.
[14]
Ward, MH., Dekok, TM., Levallois, P., Brender, J., Gulis, G. and Nolan, BT. 2005. Workgroup Report Drinking water Nitrate and Health-Recent Findings and Research Needs. Environ Health Perspect. 113:1607-1614.
[15]
WHO. 2003. Algae and Cyanobacter in Fresh water. In: Guidelines for Safe Recreational Water Environments. Vol 1: Coastal and Freshwaters. World Health Organization: Geneva, Switzerland.136-138.
[16]
WHO. 2008. Safe water and Global Health. www.who/int/features/qa/70/en/index.htm.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186