Biomonitoring of Non – Essential Heavy Metals Concentrations in the Tono Irrigation Dam Using Mussel Tissues
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2013, Pages: 121-127
Received: Aug. 28, 2013; Published: Oct. 20, 2013
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Authors
Aaron N. Aaron N., Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University for Development Studies, Navrongo–Campus, Navrongo, Ghana; National Nuclear Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, P.O. Box AL 1, Legon – Accra, Ghana
D. Gyasi – Antwi, Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University for Development Studies, Navrongo–Campus, Navrongo, Ghana
Rudolf A. Nyaaba, National Nuclear Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, P.O. Box AL 1, Legon – Accra, Ghana; Graduate School of Nuclear and Allied Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Ghana, P.O. Box LG 80, Legon – Accra, Ghana
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Abstract
One of man’s worst endeavour to augment sustainable industrial development of water bodies is non – essential, highly – persistent, bio-accumulative and extremely toxic heavy metals contamination. After over three decades of continuous excessive use of xenobiotic chemicals in farming around the Tono irrigation dam, an effective modus operandi of monitoring the non – essential heavy metals concentrations is of utmost interest; thus the hub of this research work. Accumulation of As, Cd, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb and Sb in the tissues of bivalves, Anodonta rugifera mussels were studied at various different hydrographical sampling locations of the water body at Tono irrigation dam. These concentrations were in the range of 0.39-4.00, 0.39-3.72, 1.08-2.04, 0.73-14.65, 3.57-9.13, 0.10-11.91 and 0.11-1.47 respectively. The overall mean concentration values of these metals were in the order Ni > Hg > Pb > Cr > Cd > As > Sb.
Keywords
Irrigation Dams, Heavy Metals, AAS Analysis, Mussels, Toxicity
To cite this article
Aaron N. Aaron N., D. Gyasi – Antwi, Rudolf A. Nyaaba, Biomonitoring of Non – Essential Heavy Metals Concentrations in the Tono Irrigation Dam Using Mussel Tissues, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 121-127. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20130206.11
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