Biomonitoring of Non – Essential Heavy Metals Concentrations in the Tono Irrigation Dam Using Mussel Tissues
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2013, Pages: 121-127
Received: Aug. 28, 2013;
Published: Oct. 20, 2013
Views 3115 Downloads 118
Aaron N. Aaron N., Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University for Development Studies, Navrongo–Campus, Navrongo, Ghana; National Nuclear Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, P.O. Box AL 1, Legon – Accra, Ghana
D. Gyasi – Antwi, Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University for Development Studies, Navrongo–Campus, Navrongo, Ghana
Rudolf A. Nyaaba, National Nuclear Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, P.O. Box AL 1, Legon – Accra, Ghana; Graduate School of Nuclear and Allied Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Ghana, P.O. Box LG 80, Legon – Accra, Ghana
One of man’s worst endeavour to augment sustainable industrial development of water bodies is non – essential, highly – persistent, bio-accumulative and extremely toxic heavy metals contamination. After over three decades of continuous excessive use of xenobiotic chemicals in farming around the Tono irrigation dam, an effective modus operandi of monitoring the non – essential heavy metals concentrations is of utmost interest; thus the hub of this research work. Accumulation of As, Cd, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb and Sb in the tissues of bivalves, Anodonta rugifera mussels were studied at various different hydrographical sampling locations of the water body at Tono irrigation dam. These concentrations were in the range of 0.39-4.00, 0.39-3.72, 1.08-2.04, 0.73-14.65, 3.57-9.13, 0.10-11.91 and 0.11-1.47 respectively. The overall mean concentration values of these metals were in the order Ni > Hg > Pb > Cr > Cd > As > Sb.
Aaron N. Aaron N.,
D. Gyasi – Antwi,
Rudolf A. Nyaaba,
Biomonitoring of Non – Essential Heavy Metals Concentrations in the Tono Irrigation Dam Using Mussel Tissues, American Journal of Environmental Protection.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2013, pp. 121-127.
S.A. Donkoh, S. Ayambila, S. Abdulai, "Technical Efficiency of Rice Production at the Tono Irrigation Scheme in Northern Ghana," Am. J. Exp. Agric. 2013, 3(1):25-42. Science Domain international, www.sciencedomain.org.
Chris Gordon, "Background Paper for The Multi-stakeholder consultation process for dam’s development in Ghana," 2006. Available at: http://new.unep.org/dams/files/Country%20Dialogues/BackgroundStudyGhana.pdf. Accessed on: 20 September, 2012.
B.N. Gupta, and A.K. Mathur, "Toxicity of heavy metals," Indian J. Medical Sci. 37: 1983, 236-240.
R.D. Blevins, "Metal concentrations in muscle of fish from aquatic systems in East Tennessee, USA," Water Air Soil Pollut. 29, 1985, 361-371.
P. Szefer, K. Szefer, B. Skwarzec, "Distribution of trace metals in some representative fauna of the Southern Baltic," Mar. Pollut. Bull. 21, 1990, 60-62.
Azza Khaled, "Heavy Metals Concentrations In Certain Tissues of Five Commercially Important Fishes from El-Mex Bay, Alexandria, Egypt," Environmental Division, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries,). Kayet Bay Alexandria, Egypt, 2003.
Indrajit Sen, Ajay Shandil, and V. S. Shrivastava, "Study for Determination of Heavy Metals in Fish Species of the River Yamuna (Delhi) by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES)," Advances in Applied Science Research, 2011, 2 (2): 161-166.
Gabriela Stanciu, Magdalena Mititelu, and Simona Gutaga, "Pesticides and Heavy Metals Determination in Marine Organisms from Black Sea," Chem. Bull. "POLITEHNICA" Univ. (Timişoara) 2005, Volume 50 (64),1-2.
Kenneth B. Pelig-Ba, "Levels of Agricultural Pesticides in Sediments and Irrigation Water from Tono and Vea in the Upper East of Ghana" Journal of Environmental Protection, 2011, 2, 761-768.
Manu Soto, Ionan Marigómez, Ibon Cancio, "Biological aspects of metal accumulation and storage," 2013. Available : http://www.ehu.es/europeanclass2003/biological_aspects_of_metal_accu.htm. Accessed on 20/08/2013.
H. Michael, Salazar and Sandra M. Salazar, "Mussels as bioindicators: effects 15 of tbt on survival, bioaccumulation, and growth under natural conditions," Published in 1996 by Chapman & Hall, London. ISBN 0 412 58240 6
Teresa J. Naimo, "A review of the effects of heavy metals on freshwater mussels," Ecotoxicology 4, 1995, 341-362.
Mihajlo Jović, Ana Stanković, Latinka Slavković-Beskoski, Ilija Tomić, Sandro Degetto and Slavka Stanković, "Mussels as a bio-indicator of the environmental quality of the coastal water of the Boka Kotorska Bay (Montenegro)," J. Serb. Chem. Soc, 2011, 76 (6) 933–946
Alireza safahieh, Mohammad Taghi Ronagh, Fazel Abdolahpur Monikh, Ahmad Savari and Abdolmajid Doraghi, "Heavy metal Concentration inBelanger's Croaker Fish, Johnius belangerii from Petrochemical Waste Receiving Estuary in the Persian Gulf, Iran," 2011, 2nd International Conference on Environmental Engineering and Applications.
Mustafa Soylak, Mustafa Tuzen, Ibrahim Narin and Hayati Sari, "Comparison of Microwave, Dry and Wet Digestion Procedures for the Determination of Trace Metal Contents in Spice Samples Produced in Turkey," Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2004, Pages 254-258
Anonymous 2013 a, Available: http://www.lef.org, Accessed on: 17/08/2013.
Anonymous 2013 b, Available: http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/metalsheavy/index.htm, Accessed on: 17/08/2013
K. M. Gopinathan, R. Sobhana Amma, "Bioaccumulation of Toxic Heavy Metals in the Edible Soft Tissues of Green Mussel (Perna viridis L.) of Mahe Region," 2006, Project report submitted to the Department of Science, Technology and Environment (DSTE), Government of Pondicherry.
O.S. Fatoki, and S., Mathabatha, "An assessment of heavy metal pollution in the East London and Port Elizabeth Harbors," Water SA., 27, 2011, 233-236.