The Effect of Seasonal Metals Pollution in Two Hotspots (El-Mex, Abu-Qir) Bays on ATPases in Gills of Siganus rivulatus
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 5-1, October 2015, Pages: 51-58
Received: Sep. 21, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 21, 2015; Published: Dec. 17, 2015
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Authors
Hegazi M. M., Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
Mostafa A. H., Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
Assem E. H., Fish Physiology, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Mourad H. M., Fish Physiology, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Hasanein S. S., Fish Physiology, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
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Abstract
The present study aimed to study the effect of pollution on rabbitfish Marbled spinefoot (Siganus rivulatus) seasonally caught from the two polluted area El-Mex Bay and Abu-Qir Bay and non-polluted area as controls. The rocky coast between Kayet Bey Fork and El-Boughaz opening in the Eastern Harbor toward the open sea was taken as control area. The activity of ATPases in gills and heavy metals accumulation in white muscle, gills, and liver of rabbitfish was assessed. These could be helpful for the understanding of physiological regulation mechanism for seasonal adaptation. The activities of Na+/K+-ATPase, Ca2+ Mg2+-ATPase reached maximum activity in summer in fish caught from control area but the activity decreased in the two polluted areas. The physicochemical characteristics of water in these areas were assessed. The accumulation of zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), cupper (Cu), lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) were assessed white muscle, gills, and liver. The accumulation of heavy metals increased in the season’s summer, spring than autumn and winter. The order of accumulation was Fe>Zn>Cu>Pb>Cd. The combined effects of increased heavy metals accumulation and low salinity of El-Mex Bay influence on osmoregulation and decreased the activity of ATPases.
Keywords
Siganus rivulatus, Seasonal Heavy Metals Bioaccumulation, El-Mex Bay, Abu-Qir Bay, Gill ATPases
To cite this article
Hegazi M. M., Mostafa A. H., Assem E. H., Mourad H. M., Hasanein S. S., The Effect of Seasonal Metals Pollution in Two Hotspots (El-Mex, Abu-Qir) Bays on ATPases in Gills of Siganus rivulatus, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Special Issue:New Horizons in Environmental Science. Vol. 3, No. 5-1, 2015, pp. 51-58. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.s.2015030501.17
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Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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