Soils Bioremediation of Hydrocarbons and Green Waste Elimination through Composting Process
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014, Pages: 13-22
Received: Sep. 10, 2014; Accepted: Sep. 15, 2014; Published: Sep. 23, 2014
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Hicham Rhbal, Laboratory of the Water and of Environment Engineering FSTM University Hassan II, Mohammedia, Maroc; Laboratoire de Virologie et Hygiène & Microbiologie – FSTM Université Hassan II, Mohammedia, Maroc; Laboratory of Quality Control of Anonym Company of Industry and of Refinery, Mohammedia, Morocco
Salah Souabi, Laboratory of the Water and of Environment Engineering FSTM University Hassan II, Mohammedia, Maroc
Mohamed Safi, Laboratory of the Water and of Environment Engineering FSTM University Hassan II, Mohammedia, Maroc
Mohamed Terta, Laboratoire d’Ecologie et Environnement Département De Biologie Université Cadi Ayyad, Faculté Des Sciences Samlalia
Mohmed Arad, Laboratory of Quality Control of Anonym Company of Industry and of Refinery, Mohammedia, Morocco
Abdelkader Anouzla, Laboratory of the Water and of Environment Engineering FSTM University Hassan II, Mohammedia, Maroc
Mohamed Hafid, Laboratoire d’Ecologie et Environnement Département De Biologie Université Cadi Ayyad, Faculté Des Sciences Samlalia
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The aim of this work was to study the mineralization of hydrocarbons during composting. For this purpose, soil/green waste mixtures were prepared at three different ratios (S/GW= 60/40, 70/30, 80/20) composted for 90 days. An unamended polluted soil (100% soil) was used as the control. The results indicate that the composting process greatly increased the overall rate of hydrocarbon mineralization. The greatest loss of hydrocarbons was obtained in the first compost with the most green waste (96%), followed by the second where losses were still high (78%). In the compost with the least green waste, the hydrocarbon concentration decreased by only 64%. The hydrocarbon level in the control system remained practically unchanged. In addition, mineralization time increased with increasing green waste ratios, the composting process played a considerable role in the biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons and minimized the green waste produced by restaurants and cafeterias. The data obtained will be useful for solid waste management policy making.
Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Green Waste, Refinery, Composting, Solid Waste Management
To cite this article
Hicham Rhbal, Salah Souabi, Mohamed Safi, Mohamed Terta, Mohmed Arad, Abdelkader Anouzla, Mohamed Hafid, Soils Bioremediation of Hydrocarbons and Green Waste Elimination through Composting Process, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Special Issue: Environmental Science and Treatment Technology. Vol. 2, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 13-22. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.s.2014020601.13
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