International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2020, Pages: 88-95
Received: Feb. 19, 2020;
Accepted: Mar. 12, 2020;
Published: Aug. 27, 2020
Views 161 Downloads 51
Abdi Yirdew, Department of Physics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Debark University, Debark, Ethiopia
Yimenu Yeshiwas, Department of Physics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Debark University, Debark, Ethiopia
In this research, we have investigated the effects of rainfall and temperature variability on wheat, Teff, Maize and Barley yield in Quarit district of West Gojjam zone. The data used in this study were temperature, rainfall and (Wheat, teff, maize and barley) yield for the period 1997 to 2016 and Origin 07 and Matlab software were used for the analyses purpose. The weather parameters were correlated with selected crop yield (descriptive and inferential analysis techniques were used). Trend of crop yield and climatic parameters were developed and plotted against time. From this study, there was positive correlation between maximum temperature and all selected crop production (Maize, teff, wheat and barley) and there was correlation between these selected crop yields and rainfall. There has been variability and none stability of temperature and rainfall in the study area, leads to high variability of crop yields from year to year in the study area. This finding has demonstrated that, there was an increasing trend of temperature and very slightly decreasing trend of rainfall in Quarit district. Teff production was the most sensitive and affected by climate variability. Results showed that crop yield varied regularly with climate parameters. It was concluded that climate parameters (temperature and rainfall) vary in time whose effects given high variability of crop yield.
Effect of Rainfall and Temperature on Crop Production in Quarit District, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis.
Vol. 8, No. 4,
2020, pp. 88-95.
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
IPCC (Intergovernmental panel on Climate Change), (2007), “Climate change; the scientific basis”.
National Meteorological Agency, (2007), Climate Change National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA) of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Roarane, A. A. and Kulkari, R. V., (2012), “Data Mining: An Effective Tool for Yield Estimation in the Agricultural Sector”, Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change Cambridge: Cambridge University press.
World Bank, (2006), “The Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change, the World Bank Group”.
Central statistical agency (CSA), (2011), Addis Ababa, Central Ethiopia, CD-ROM.
United States Agency for International Development (USAID), (2000), Amhara National Regional State Food Security Research Assessment Report, Unpublished research Report, USAID-Ethiopia, Addis Ababa.
Deressa T, R. M. Hasan, and C. Ringer, (2008), “Measuring vulnerability of Ethiopian farmers to climate change across regional state”, IFPRI Discussion paper No. 806, Washington DC.
Amhara Regional State Food Security Coordination and Disaster Prevention Office (AFSCDPO), (2007), an assessment of the condition of food security in nine woredas of western Amhara. A report submitted to the Regional disaster prevention and preparedness committee, Bahirdar, unpublished.
Berhanu Eskezia, (2015), “Farmers’ Vulnerability and Response strategies to Climate Change and variability over Amhara Region, Ethiopia”.
Morton J. F., (2007) “The impact of climate change on small holder and subsistence agriculture”, Proceedings of the Dational Academy of Science, 104 (50).
Amhara Bureau of Finance and Economic Development, (2014), Population Size by Sex and Age Group and Urban and Rural.
Amhara National Regional States (ANRS), (2002), A Strategic plan for the Sustainable Development, Conservation, and Man agreement of the woody Biomass Resources, Final Report.
Ayalew D, Tesfaye K, Mamo G, Yitaferu B. and Bayu W., (2012) Variability of rainfall and its current trend in Amhara Region, Ethiopia. African Journal of agricultural Research Vol. 7 (10): 1475-1486.
National Meteorological Services Agency (NMSA), (1996), “Climatic and agro-climatic resources of Ethiopia”. Metrological Research Report Series, 1:1, January. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Reddy S. J., (1990), “Meteorology: Agro-climatic Analogue Technique and Applications as relevant to Dry Land Agriculture”. Agro-climatologicallySeries Eth 86/021-WMO/UNDP/NMSA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. P60.