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Effect of Rainfall and Temperature on Crop Production in Quarit District
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2020, Pages: 88-95
Received: Feb. 19, 2020; Accepted: Mar. 12, 2020; Published: Aug. 27, 2020
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Authors
Abdi Yirdew, Department of Physics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Debark University, Debark, Ethiopia
Yimenu Yeshiwas, Department of Physics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Debark University, Debark, Ethiopia
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Abstract
In this research, we have investigated the effects of rainfall and temperature variability on wheat, Teff, Maize and Barley yield in Quarit district of West Gojjam zone. The data used in this study were temperature, rainfall and (Wheat, teff, maize and barley) yield for the period 1997 to 2016 and Origin 07 and Matlab software were used for the analyses purpose. The weather parameters were correlated with selected crop yield (descriptive and inferential analysis techniques were used). Trend of crop yield and climatic parameters were developed and plotted against time. From this study, there was positive correlation between maximum temperature and all selected crop production (Maize, teff, wheat and barley) and there was correlation between these selected crop yields and rainfall. There has been variability and none stability of temperature and rainfall in the study area, leads to high variability of crop yields from year to year in the study area. This finding has demonstrated that, there was an increasing trend of temperature and very slightly decreasing trend of rainfall in Quarit district. Teff production was the most sensitive and affected by climate variability. Results showed that crop yield varied regularly with climate parameters. It was concluded that climate parameters (temperature and rainfall) vary in time whose effects given high variability of crop yield.
Keywords
Rainfall, Temperature Variability, Wheat, Teff, Maize ana Barley, Yield, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Abdi Yirdew, Yimenu Yeshiwas, Effect of Rainfall and Temperature on Crop Production in Quarit District, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 88-95. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20200804.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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