Local PM2.5 and O3 Ambient Air Quality Targets Setting Study in Lishui, China
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2020, Pages: 50-58
Received: Jul. 20, 2020; Published: Jul. 22, 2020
Views 38      Downloads 17
Authors
Shuping Pan, Zhejiang Environmental Monitoring Center, Hangzhou, China
Shengjun Zhang, Zhejiang Environmental Monitoring Center, Hangzhou, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
2021 will be the first year of China’s 14th Five-year period, and all cities have been working on making new local environmental protection plans. To further improve air quality, reduce smog, and control ozone pollution, many cities intend to set more stringent local air quality targets than the national requirements. However, how to set a reasonable and attainable air quality targets is very important because the targets have impacts not only on the welfare of local residents, but also on the local economy. This work presents a comprehensive approach to set reasonable local air quality targets. This approach has been applied to determine PM2.5 and O3 ambient concentration targets for Lishui city in its 14th Five-year Environmental Protection Plan. In this study, five years monitoring data of PM2.5 and O3 from year 2014 to 2018 in Lishui was collected and analyzed to assess the status quo and trends of its air quality. Then the concentration distribution of PM2.5 and O3 in Lishui surrounding cities and counties in Zhejiang Province were also analyzed and the possible impacts on Lishui city were evaluated. Moreover, PM2.5 and O3 air quality standards in other developed countries were reviewed and compared with Chinese current standards to assist the setting of appropriate ambient air quality targets. Based on the analysis, three-year sliding average concentration of PM2.5 and O3 are included in Lishui’s annual air quality targets for the first time, and different air quality targets are set for both the whole city and each specific area of Lishui city.
Keywords
PM2.5, O3, Ambient Air Quality Target, Annual Average Concentration
To cite this article
Shuping Pan, Shengjun Zhang, Local PM2.5 and O3 Ambient Air Quality Targets Setting Study in Lishui, China, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 50-58. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20200803.12
References
[1]
Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan, State Council, October, 2013. http://www.gov.cn/zwgk/2013-09/12/content_2486773.htm
[2]
China’s Ministry of Ecology and Environment, February, 2018. http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2018-02/28/content_5269367.htm
[3]
GB3095-2012. Ambient air quality standards [S].
[4]
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. National Ambient Air Quality Standards [OL]. http://www.eqa.gov/air/criteria.html.
[5]
J. Y. Li, Y. Q. Shen, “Comparison of ambient air quality standard between China and America”, J. The Administration and Technique of Environmental Monitoring, Vol. 15, pp. 24-26, December, 2003.
[6]
European Commission Air Quality Standards. https://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/quality/standards.htm
[7]
National Environment Protection (Ambient Air Quality) Measure, Australian Government, https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/F2016C00215
[8]
Environmental Quality Standards in Japan - Air Quality, Ministry of the Environment, http://www.env.go.jp/en/air/aq/aq.html
[9]
Air Quality in Singapore, National Environment Agency, https://www.nea.gov.sg/our-services/pollution-control/air-pollution/air-quality
[10]
HJ663-2013. Technical regulation for ambient air quality assessment (on trial) [S].
[11]
Zhejiang province ecological environment bulletin 2018, http://www.zjepb.gov.cn/art/2019/6/5/art_1201912_34490851.html
[12]
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Trends. https://www.epa.gov/air-trends/particulate-matter-pm25-trends
[13]
DIRECTIVE 2002/3/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 February 2002 relating to ozone in ambient air [J]. Official Journal of the European Communities.
[14]
2019 Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pollution in Beijing, No. 5 [2019] of Beijing government, http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2019-02/20/content_5367090.htm
[15]
H. Li, F. H. Chai, X. M. Zhang, X. Z. Wang, and Z. G. Xue, “European union ozone assessment system in ambient air and its enlightenment to China”. J. China Science and Technology Achievements, Vol. 19, pp. 4-7, 2010.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186