The Contribution of Zobe Dam to the Socio-Economic Development of Makera Community Dutsinma Local Government Area, Katsina State North-Western Nigeria
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 7, Issue 3, June 2019, Pages: 75-82
Received: May 21, 2018; Accepted: Jun. 12, 2018; Published: Sep. 20, 2019
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Authors
Badamasi Jamda Saidu, Department of Geography, Federal University Kashere, Kashere, Nigeria
Godwill Geofrey Jidauna, Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina, Nigeria
Jamila Kira Sanusi, Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Federal University Dutsinma, Katsina, Nigeria
Daniel Davou Dabi, Department of Geography and Planning, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
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Abstract
This study examines the contribution of Zobe dam to the socio-economic development of Makera Community Dutsinma LGA, Katsina State north-western Nigeria. The study identified types of socio-economic activities supported by the dam and their impact. Total of 392 questionnaires was administered to adults target population using stratified random sampling technique. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Findings revealed main economic activities supported by the dam are farming (60.46%), fishing (30.10%), domestic water supply (5.52%) and livestock watering (3.057). The positive contributions of the dam include an increase in the availability of social amenities and resident’s standard of living. Specific impacts were increased income, increased crop yield, increased farm sizes, commercial fishing and increased access to water supply sources. The survey also revealed the dam is a major pull-factor with 79.59% respondent’s decision to settle in the area influenced by the dam. The negative impacts were; occasional floods that erode crops, farmlands, the introduction of new pest and spread of water associated diseases (schistosomiasis, malaria, and typhoid in decreasing magnitude). ANOVA test showed no significant difference in literacy level, occupation and water use among residents. Analysis of water quality to determine the impact of activities was recommended.
Keywords
Development, Socio-economic, Contribution, Dam
To cite this article
Badamasi Jamda Saidu, Godwill Geofrey Jidauna, Jamila Kira Sanusi, Daniel Davou Dabi, The Contribution of Zobe Dam to the Socio-Economic Development of Makera Community Dutsinma Local Government Area, Katsina State North-Western Nigeria, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 75-82. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20190703.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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