Assessment of the Water Quality, Some Trace Elements Content of Heritierafomes Fruits and Pneumatophores of Sundari After Oil Spill in Shela River at Sundarban, Bangladesh
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 167-173
Received: Nov. 18, 2016;
Accepted: Dec. 14, 2016;
Published: Jan. 16, 2017
Views 3534 Downloads 130
Md. Ziaul Amin, Dept. of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Ahsan Habib, Dept. of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Khairun Nafiz, Dept. of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
A. M. Swaraz, Dept. of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Follow on us
To assessment the effects on the ecosystem of Sundarbans a Mangrove Forest (SMF) in Bangladesh after oil spillages on 9th December 2014 into the shela river of Sundarbans, mainly focus on to determine the water quality and some trace elements content of Sundari (Heritierafomes) fruit and the aerial roots (pneumatophores) of Sundari. The water quality parameters viz, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, hardness, pH, EC, ORP, salinity, nitrite and chloride contents were determine by using pH meter, DO meter, electroconductivity meter, Salinitimeter during high tide time and downstream. The nitrite and chloride contents of water and the trace elements contents of sundari fruits and roots were analyzed in the laboratory by using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. After oil spillage the alkalinity, dissolved oxygen (DO), hardness, EC, ORP, nitrite and chloride contents of water during high tide time and downstream were slightly decrease but the salinity of water decrease remarkable. The Fe and Zn contents in Heritierafomes fruits and pneumatophores of Heritierafomes were increased significantly but the Cu, Cd, Pb and Ni contents were remain constant. After analyzing theresults, in this study, it is clearly indicated that the criteria needed for the good quality of water and the some micro-nutrient contents of Heritierafomes fruits and pneumatophores of Heritierafomesare remarkable change due to the oil spill into the shela river of Sundarban as compare to before oil spillage. This study also represent that the Fe and Zn contents of Sundari fruits and roots are significantly increasing due to the massive changing of water quality of Shela river of Sundarbans. Finally, this study would helpful to measure the threaten affect on aquatic animals, others wild animal and different tree spices of the mangrove forestas well as the ecosystem of Sudarban.
Water Quality, Oil Spillage, Shela River, Sundari Fruits, Sundarbans Mangrove Forest (SRF)
To cite this article
Md. Ziaul Amin,
A. M. Swaraz,
Assessment of the Water Quality, Some Trace Elements Content of Heritierafomes Fruits and Pneumatophores of Sundari After Oil Spill in Shela River at Sundarban, Bangladesh, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis.
Vol. 4, No. 6,
2016, pp. 167-173.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ara H., Rahaman M. S., Islam M. M., Mallick A. and Hossain, M. S. A laboratory approach for determining effects ofpotential oil spillage on water quality of sundarbansmangrove forest, Bangladesh. J. Life Earth Sci. Vols. 3-4, 2009, 23-28.
Mishra, S. N., R. Swarup and V. P. Jauhari. 1992. Encyclopaedia of Ecology, Environment and Pollution Control. Environmental Air and Water Analysis. Vol. 17. Ashish Publ. House, New Delhi, India.
Saenger P., Hegerl E. J and Davie J. D. S. Global Status of Mangrove Ecosystems, Environmental list 3 (Suppl. 3): IUCN. 1983, pp. 88.
Nazrul-Islam, A. K. M. Ecological conditions and species diversity in Sundarban mangrove forest community, Bangladesh M. A. Khan and I. A. Unger (eds.). Biology of salt tolerant plants 294-305 Book Grafers. 6BE International Drive Chelsea, Michigan. USA (1995).
Karim A. Environmental Impacts. In: Mangroves of the Sundarbans. Vol. two: Bangladesh (eds. Hussain, Z. andAcharya, G.), 1994, pp. 203-217, IUCN, Bankok.
Siddiqi N. A. Mangrove Forestry in Bangladesh (1st edn). Institute of Forestry and Environmental Science, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh. 2001.
Chowdhury A. H. and Zaman M. Physico-chemical characteristics and phytoplanktonabundance of a water body polluted by oil-grease. Bangladesh J. Life. Sci. 13 (1&2), 2001, 197-203.
Stumn W., and Morgan J. J. Aquatic Chemistry: An Introduction to Emphasizing Chemical Equilibria in Natural Waters (2nd edn.). John Wiley & Sons, NewYork. 1981.
Eills K. V. Surface Water Pollution and its Control. Macmillan Press Ltd., Hampshire. 1989, pp. 184-187.
Wurts W. A. and Stickney R. R. Responses of red drum (Sciaenopsocellatus) to calcium and magnesium concentrations in fresh and salt water. Aquacult. 61, 1989, pp. 23-32.
Pursely M. G. and Wolters W. R. Effect of water hardness and chloride on survival, growth, and feed conversion of juvenile red drum Sciaenopsocellatus, J. World Aqua. Soc. 29:1994, pp. 67-73.
Kothleen L. M. and Sylvia E. S. KRAUSE’S Food & Nutrition JWERAPY, Pub: ELSEVIER 12th Edition, 2008, PP-133.122 (Zn), PP-129, 130 (Se), 134 (Br).
Subhangini A. J. Nutrition & Dietetics, 3rd Edition Tata McGraw Hill Education Pvt, New Delhi.2010, pp. 144.
Trivedy, R. K. 1993. River Pollution in India. Ashish Publ. House, New Delhi, India. 294 pp.
Hossain M. Z. and Chowdhury A. H. Phytoplankton abundance in relation to physicochemicalconditions of the Sundarbans estuary. J. Asiat. Soci. Bangladesh Sci. 34 (2), 2008, pp. 103-112.
Kerr R. A. Oil in the ocean: Circumstances control its impact. Science 198:1977, pp. 1134-1136.
Mielke J. E. Oil in the ocean: The Short- and Long-term Impacts of a Spill. Congressional Research Service Report for Congress.1990, pp. 24.
Getter C. D., Nussman J. M., Gundlach E. R. and Scott G. I. Biological Changes of Mangrove and Sand Beach Communities at the Peck Slip Oil Slip Site, Eastern Puerto Rico. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Marine Pollution Assessment, Boulder, CO. 1980, 63 pp.
Halder R., Chatterji S. G. andSanyal P. Micro-nutrient activity ofsundari (Heritierafomes), the mangrove plant. International Journal of Botany and Research (IJBR). ISSN(P): 2277-4815; ISSN (E): 2319-4456, Vol. 4, Issue 2, 2014, pp.11-18.
Larsson S. C., Virtanen M. J. and Mars M. "Magnesium, calcium, potassium, and sodium intakes and risk of stroke in male smokers". Arch. Intern. Med. March 168 (5), 2008, pp. 459–65.