Evaluation of Air Pollution Tolerance Indices of Four Ornamental Plants Arranged Along Roadsides in Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire)
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015, Pages: 22-27
Received: Aug. 15, 2014; Accepted: Jan. 18, 2015; Published: Feb. 2, 2015
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Zamblé Fidèle Tra Bi, UFR Sciences et Gestion de l'Environnement, Université Nangui Abrogoua, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
Djédoux Maxime Angaman, UFR Agroforesterie, Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé, Daloa, Côte d'Ivoire
Yao Sadaiou Sabas Barima, UFR Environnement, Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé, Daloa, Côte d'Ivoire
Bini Kouamé Dongui, UFR Environnement, Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé, Daloa, Côte d'Ivoire
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The development of urbanization and industrialization contributes to ambient air pollution of the city of Abidjan. Air pollution can affect plants morphology and physiology. Plants can absorb gaseous and particulates pollutants through leaves, they tend to show some symptoms according to their level of sensitivity after exposure to the air pollution. In order to evaluate the susceptibility level of plants to air pollutants, four biochemical and physiological parameters, namely; ascorbic acid, chlorophyll, relative water content and leaf extract pH were determined and computed together in a formulation of air pollution tolerance indices (APTI) of Ficus benjamina, Jatropha integerrima, Cassia surattensis and Barleria prionitis arranged along main roads (MR) as well as in parks (P) as control in Abidjan. APTI values for overall species are ranged between 9.78 to 17.15 in P and from 9.76 to 16.91 in MR. The highest APTI is observed in Ficus benjamina and lowest in Cassia surattensis. Ficus benjamina was categorized as intermediate tolerant specie; and Jatropha integerrima, Barleria prionitis were categorized as intermediate sensitive species contrary to Cassia surattensis which was sensitive specie. Thus, tropical urban air quality evaluation is possible by using plants APTI.
Air Pollution, Air Pollution Tolerance Index, Main Roads, Côte d'Ivoire
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Zamblé Fidèle Tra Bi, Djédoux Maxime Angaman, Yao Sadaiou Sabas Barima, Bini Kouamé Dongui, Evaluation of Air Pollution Tolerance Indices of Four Ornamental Plants Arranged Along Roadsides in Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire), International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2015, pp. 22-27. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20150301.14
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