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Different Heavy Metal Concentrations in Plants and Soil Irrigated with Industrial / Sewage Waste Water
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 2, Issue 3, June 2014, Pages: 151-157
Received: Jun. 8, 2014; Accepted: Jun. 28, 2014; Published: Jul. 10, 2014
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Authors
Khadija Siddique, Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan
Shafaqat Ali, Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan
Mujahid Farid, Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan
Samia Sajid, Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan
Afifa Aslam, Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan
Rehan Ahmad, Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan
Lubna Taj, Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan
Muhammad Mudassir Nazir, Department of Environmental Sciences, Government College University, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan
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Abstract
Application of waste water for irrigation purposes has increased over the past years. This waste water contains high amount of trace elements and heavy metals. Objectives of this study were to evaluate the concentration of iron (Fe), lead (Pb) and manganese (Mn) in soil irrigated with waste water at different depths and also in the leaves and flowers of vegetables grown in that soil. Samples were collected from vegetable farms located along drain where vegetables were grown by untreated sewage water. Plant samples were washed and cut into pieces, air dried in fluidized bed dryer. After digestion, concentration of heavy metals was detected by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). The results revealed that heavy metals concentration in soil irrigated with waste water was higher the toxicity level at depth of 0-15cm than the lower layer 16-30cm while the leaves and fruits of vegetables also showed higher concentration of heavy metals. The maximum concentration of lead, iron and manganese was recorded in soil samples taken from Nawabanwala, Malkanwala and Sheikhanwala respectively.
Keywords
Drain, Soil, Lead, Vegetables, Spectrophotometer
To cite this article
Khadija Siddique, Shafaqat Ali, Mujahid Farid, Samia Sajid, Afifa Aslam, Rehan Ahmad, Lubna Taj, Muhammad Mudassir Nazir, Different Heavy Metal Concentrations in Plants and Soil Irrigated with Industrial / Sewage Waste Water, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014, pp. 151-157. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20140203.14
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