The Study of the Dynamics of Forest Landscapes in Georgia Based on the Analysis of Spatial-Temporal Concept of Natural-Territorial Complexes
Earth Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 5-1, October 2017, Pages: 17-22
Received: May 8, 2017; Accepted: May 10, 2017; Published: Jul. 11, 2017
Views 2655      Downloads 198
Dali Nikolaishvili, Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU), Tbilisi, Georgia
Nino Chikhradze, Department of Geomorphology and Geoecology, Vakhushti Bagrationi Institute of Geography, TSU, Tbilisi, Georgia; School of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Article Tools
Follow on us
The study of the forest dynamics of Georgia’s landscapes is based on the analysis spatial-temporal concept of natural-territorial complexes (NTCs), which was developed by Prof. Nikoloz Beruchashvili. This question allows analyzing and evaluating the following issues: forest resource potential of landscapes and restoration of the retrospective picture of the forest area in the different historical periods. This landscape approach allowed us to identify the trend of changes in the horizontal structure of the landscapes having occurred on the territory of Georgia in that long period of time. In particular, the following factors were analyzed and identified: areas of the landscapes, forest area and degree of its diminution, amount of phytomass, etc. Thus, on the basis of the research some peculiarities of the modern horizontal structure of the landscapes of Georgia were identified, also the trend of change of the horizontal structure of the landscapes of Georgia from the early days of human society to present was identified and the degree of diminution of the natural-territorial complexes of the forests of Georgia from the early days of human society to present was identified.
Natural-Territorial Complexes, Forest Resource Potential, Horizontal Structure
To cite this article
Dali Nikolaishvili, Nino Chikhradze, The Study of the Dynamics of Forest Landscapes in Georgia Based on the Analysis of Spatial-Temporal Concept of Natural-Territorial Complexes, Earth Sciences. Special Issue: New Challenge for Geography: Landscape Dimensions of Sustainable Development. Vol. 6, No. 5-1, 2017, pp. 17-22. doi: 10.11648/
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
N. Ketskhoveli, The map of the restored vegetation covers of Georgia. Printing House of Georgian SSR Academy of Sciences, Tbilisi, 1959b. scale 1: 600,000 (In Georgian).
Al. Javakhsihvili, S. Tskhakaia, General Maps of Georgian SSR. 1931-1932. Tbilisi: Georgian State Publishing House. Scale: 1:200,000 (In Georgian).
N. L. Beruchashvili, The landscape map of Georgia. Tbilisi: Tbilisi State University, 1983. scale 1:500,000 (In Russian).
M. Alpenidze, N. Beruchashvili, M. Gongadze, E. Davitaia, R. Maghlakelidze, N. Nadareishvili, M. Shengelaia, K. Kharadze, Geography of Georgia. Tbilisi: Kabadoni, 1999, 330 p. (In Georgian).
N. Elizbarashvili, L. Machavariani, D. Nikolaishvili, et al. Geography of Georgia. Tbilisi: TSU, 2000. 336 p. (In Georgian).
L. Maruashvili, Physical geography of Georgia. Parts I-II. Tbilisi: Tsodna, 1975-1986. (In Georgian).
Geography of Georgia. 2000 (In Georgian).2000. 316 p. ed. Z. Tatashidze. Tbilisi: Metsniereba (In Georgian).
D. Ukleba, Physical-geographical characteristics of the mountainous regions of eastern Georgia. Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1974. 196 p. (In Georgian).
M. Kharatishvili, Physical geography of Georgia. Tbilisi: TSU, 1995. 207p. In Georgian).
N. A. Gvozdetskyi, Physical Geography of Caucasus. Moscow: MGU, 1954. 208 p. (In Russian).
N.A. Gvozdetskyi, Caucasus. Essay on nature. Moscow: Geographizd, 1963. 264 p. (In Russian).
Caucasus. Environment conditions and natural resources. Nauka, Moscow, 1966.Ed. N. Dumitrashko (In Russian).
D. Nikolaishvili, L. Matchavariani, R. Maisuradze, A landscape changes of Georgia: Estimation of an integrated parameter. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, Vol. 1, No. 2, June 2010. pp.214-218.
N. L. Beruchashvili, Diversity of Georgia’s Landscapes and Geographical Analysis of Landscapes Diversity of the World. Proceedings of the First National Conference: Biological and Landscape Diversity of Georgia. Tbilisi; 2000, pp. 221-250.
D. Nikolaihvili. Area over the Territory of Georgia from the early stage of the human society till modern days. Siberian Journal of Ecology. Novosibirsk, Russia, 2008. № 2, v. 15, pp. 225-228. (In Russian).
J. Kekelia, Territory and borders of Georgia (cartometric analysis). Tbilisi: Military Cartographic Factory, 1996. 122 p. (In Georgian).
D. Nikolaishvili, Human being and natural environment of Georgia from ancient times to the present day. Journal "Geography of Georgia". Tbilisi: TSU. 2, 2003. p. 20-30.2003. (In Georgian).
G. Kajaia, Ecology (Basics of applied ecology). Tbilisi, 1999 (In Georgian).
D. A. Nikolaishvili, Phytomass stocks of Georgia - past and present. "Caucasus Geographical Journal", Tbilisi: GSG. No. 1. 2002, pp. 62-68. (In Russian).
N. L. Beruchashvili, Caucasus: Landscapes, models, experiments. Tbilisi, UNEP, GRID, 1995. – 310 p. (In Russian).
A. G. Tediashvili The research of phytomasses as landscape-geographical indicators of natural-territorial complexes and their conditions. Theses for obtaining Ph.D. Tbilisi: TSU, 1984 (In Russian).
N. Ketskhoveli, Vegetation cover of Georgia. Printing House of Georgian SSR Academy of Sciences, Tbilisi, 1959a. 384 p. (In Georgian).
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186