Iron and Manganese Mineralization Associated with Archean Greenstone Belt in Joda-Noamundi Sector, Odisha, East Indian Shield
Earth Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 4-1, July 2015, Pages: 31-39
Received: May 4, 2015; Accepted: Jul. 6, 2015; Published: Jul. 29, 2015
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Authors
R. Ghosh, Department of Geological Sciences, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032, India
D. Chakraborty, Department of Geological Sciences, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032, India
M. Halder, Department of Geological Sciences, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032, India
T. K. Baidya, Department of Geological Sciences, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032, India
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Abstract
Iron and manganese mineralization in the Joda-Noamundi sector is associated with Banded Iron Formation of the Archean Iron Ore Group of rocks (3.5-3.0 Ga).Both Mn and Fe mineralization is stratiform and stratabound. In the Noamundi basin the estimated reserve of Fe and Mn -ores are 3.3 Gt and 130 Mt respectively. The Fe and Mn-mineralization are also genetically related to each other. A detailed petrology, mineralogy and mineral chemistry of the ores show their evolution with respect to different tectonic phases. During the first phase of deformation and metamorphism Fe-protolith generated magnetite and Mn-protolth generated bixbyite, hausmannite, jacobsite and braunite. During second phase martitized magnetite and hematite in Fe-ore and hollandite, psilomelane and pyrolusite in Mn-ore were generated. During supergene events low temperature higher oxide minerals were generated from the metamorphic and hydrothermal Fe and Mn –ore minerals. The stratigraphic status of the Fe- and Mn- ores with respect to crustal evolution has been established
Keywords
Archean, Fe-Mn-ores, Iron Ore Group, East Indian Shield
To cite this article
R. Ghosh, D. Chakraborty, M. Halder, T. K. Baidya, Iron and Manganese Mineralization Associated with Archean Greenstone Belt in Joda-Noamundi Sector, Odisha, East Indian Shield, Earth Sciences. Special Issue: Archean Metallogeny and Crustal Evolution. Vol. 4, No. 4-1, 2015, pp. 31-39. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2015040401.13
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