Prevalence of Physical and Mental Fatigue Symptoms on Spanish Drivers and Its Incidence on Driving Safety
Advances in Psychology and Neuroscience
Volume 1, Issue 2, October 2016, Pages: 10-18
Received: Oct. 6, 2016;
Accepted: Oct. 18, 2016;
Published: Nov. 18, 2016
Views 3921 Downloads 165
Francisco Alonso, DATS (Development and Advising in Traffic Safety) Research Group, INTRAS (University Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Cristina Esteban, DATS (Development and Advising in Traffic Safety) Research Group, INTRAS (University Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Sergio A. Useche, DATS (Development and Advising in Traffic Safety) Research Group, INTRAS (University Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Elena López de Cózar, METRAS Research Group (Measurement, Evaluation, Analysis, and Data Processing of Traffic Accidents and Road Safety), INTRAS (University Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Motor-vehicle crashes are a major public health concern since road accidents explain a high number of deaths every year. In this sense, drivers’ health and performance are essential issues in order to avoid traffic crashes, taking into account that these characteristics are essential to achieve this task correctly and safety. Previous studies have found that the fatigue, because of the cognitive and motor deterioration it causes, contributes to increase significantly the probability of being involved in a crash. The general objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of fatigue symptomatology among Spanish drivers, and its relationship with driving safety. It were also analyzed, throughout this investigation, the risk perception of drivers about fatigue in driving, the prevalence of fatigue symptomatology on drivers, the relation of the drivers with or without fatigue symptoms with the reported and subjective incidence of health in driving, and finally, to provide a further understanding of the socio-demographic and psycho-social characteristics of drivers related to fatigue in Spain. This cross-sectional study used a total sample of n=1200 (666 [56%] men and 534 [44%] women) Spanish drivers, who answered a questionnaire designed to collect data about their psychosocial characteristics, driving habits and perceptions about their driving performance and decision-making related with fatigue. A high percentage of Spanish drivers (18%), were not aware of the effects of fatigue and its impact on driving. In general terms, 15.8% of the participants showed fatigue symptoms. Furthermore, 61.1% of them thought that sometimes they were not in good conditions to drive. However, the remaining 38.9% admitted they felt in good conditions to drive even presenting fatigue symptoms. This study shows that an important percentage of drivers did not think about the fact that fatigue has a negative influence on driving, compared to what they thought about psychoactive drugs, drowsiness, and drug use. Guidelines to increase traffic safety trough the intervention of drivers’ fatigue are proposed.
Sergio A. Useche,
Elena López de Cózar,
Prevalence of Physical and Mental Fatigue Symptoms on Spanish Drivers and Its Incidence on Driving Safety, Advances in Psychology and Neuroscience.
Vol. 1, No. 2,
2016, pp. 10-18.
VicRoads Medical Review. Available at: http://www.vicroads.vic.gov.au/Home/Licences/Medicalreview/MedicalReview.htm [accessed 10.05.16].
F. Alonso, C. Esteban, C. Calatayud, B. Alamar and A. Egido, “Salud Vial. Teoría y prácticas de los trastornos físicos y psíquicos en la conducción”. Valencia: University Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety (INTRAS), 2008.
F. Alonso, J. Sanmartín, C. Esteban, B. Alamar and E. López, “Salud Vial. Diagnóstico de los conductores españoles”. Valencia: University Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety (INTRAS), 2008.
F. Alonso, C. Esteban, C. Calatayud, B. Alamar, C. Fernández and J. E. Medina, “Salud vial, ¿el conductor a terapia?” Valencia: University Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety (INTRAS), 2008.
P. Philip, P. Sagasge, N. Moore, J. Taillard and J. A. Horne, “Fatigue, sleep restriction and driving performance”. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2005, 37, pp. 473-478.
G. Matthews, L. Dorn, T. W. Hayes, D. R. Davies, A. I. Glendon and R. G. Taylor, “Driver stress and performance on a driving simulator. Human Factors, 1998, 40, pp. 136-149.
A. Beurskens, U. Bültmann, I. Kant, J. Vercoulen, G. Bleijenberg and G. Swaen, “Fatigue among working people: validity of a questionnaire measure”. Occupational Environmental Medicine, 2000, 57, pp. 353–357.
S. K. L. Lal and A. Craig, “A critical review of the psychophysiology of driver fatigue”. Biological Psychology, 2001, 55(3), pp. 173-194.
H. C. Biggs, D. P. Dingsdag and N. Stenson, “Fatigue factors affecting metropolitan bus drivers: A qualitative investigation”. Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation, 2009, 32(1), pp. 5-10.
P. A. Desmond and G. Matthews, “Individual differences in stress and fatigue in two field studies of driving”. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 2009, 12(4), pp. 265-276.
C. Moriguchi, M. E. R. Alem and H. J. Coury, “Evaluation of workload among industrial workers with the Need for Recovery Scale”. Revista Brasileña de Fisioterapia, 2011, 15(2), pp. 154-159.
A. H. de Lange, M. A. Kompier, T. W. Taris, S. A. Geurts, D. G. Beckers, I. L. Houtman, et al., “A hard day's night: a longitudinal study on the relationships among job demands and job control, sleep quality and fatigue”. Journal of Sleep Research, 2009, 18(3), pp. 374-383.
F. E. Kuo and W. C. Sullivan, “Aggression and Violence in the Inner City: Effects of Environment via Mental Fatigue”. Environment and Behavior, 2001, 33(4), pp. 543-571.
B. Cendales-Ayala, S. A. Useche, V. Gomez-Ortiz and J.P. Bocarejo, “Bus Operators' Responses to Job Strain: An Experimental Test of the Job Demand-Control Model”. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 2016.
S. A. Useche, A. Serge and F. Alonso, “Risky Behaviors and Stress Indicators between Novice and Experienced Drivers”. American Journal of Applied Psychology, 2015, 3(1), pp. 11-14.
M. Boksem, T. Meijman and M. Lorist, “Effects of mental fatigue on attention: An ERP study”. Cognitive Brain Research, 2005, 25, pp. 107–116.
C. J. Nelson and D. S. Chamey, “The symptoms of major depressive illness”. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1981, 138, pp. 138-141.
J. T. Reason, A. S. R. Manstead, S. G. Stradling, J. S. Baxter and K. Campbell, “Errors and violations on the road: A real distinction?” Ergonomics, 1990, 33, pp. 1315-1322.
J. Zaranka, R. Pečeliūnas and J. Matijošius, “Analysis of the influence of fatigue on passenger transport drivers’ performance capacity”. Transport, 2012, 27(4), pp. 351-356.
N. Ursula and B. S. Sorensen, “Driver Fatigue and at Risk Group: Significance for Health Educators”. Health Education Journal, 1999, 30(1), pp. 20-23.
M. Van Der Nest, “The role of the fatigue in the driving situation”. Johannesburg: National Institute for Personnel Research, 1978.
J. Soler, F. Tortosa and A. Reig, “Fatigue and driving”. Información psicológica, 1986, 25, pp. 22-29.
R. E. Dodge, “Fatigue and Circadian rhythm: effects on performance". In: “Avances en la investigación del sueño y sus trastornos”. Edited by G. Buela-Casal, and J. F. Navarro. Madrid: Siglo XXI, 1990.
S. Milosevic, “Drivers’ fatigue studies”. Ergonomics, 1997, 40(3), pp. 381-389.
A. Crawford, “Fatigue and driving”. Ergonomics, 1961, 4(2), pp. 143-154.
G. Buela-Casal and J. C. Sierra, “Scales to evaluate activation-drowsiness”. Vigilia y Sueño, 1994, 6, pp. 13-19.
P. Philip, P. Sagasge, N. Moore, J. Taillard and J. A. Horne, “Fatigue, sleep restriction, and driving performance”. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2005, 37, pp. 473-478.
N. W. Heimstra, “The Effects of ‘Stress Fatigue’ on Performance in a Simulated Driving Situation”. Ergonomics, 1970, 13(2), pp. 209-218.
E. I. Dureman and C. Bodén, “Fatigue in Simulated Car Driving”. Ergonomics, 1972, 15(3), pp. 299-308.
G. Matthews and P. Desmond, “Task-induced fatigue states and simulated driving performance”. The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology. A, Human experimental psychology, 2002, 55(2), pp. 659-686.
T. Oron-Gilad and A. Ronen, “Road Characteristics and Driver Fatigue: A Simulator Study”. Traffic Injury Prevention, 2007, 8(3), pp. 281-289.
H. Summala, H. Hakkanen, T. Mikkola and J. Sinkkonen, “Task effects on fatigue symptoms in overnight driving”. Ergonomics, 1999, 42(2), 798-806.
SWOV, “Emotions and traffic”. Leidschendam: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV) Research Activities, 2005.
L. Aberg and H. Wallen, “Speeding-deliberate violation or involuntary mistake?” European Review of Applied Psychology, 2008, 58, pp. 23-30.
G. C. Gee and D. T. Takeuchi, “Traffic stress, vehicular burden and well-being: a multilevel analysis”. Social Science & Medicine, 2004, 59, pp. 405-414.
T. Chalder, G. Berelowitz, T. Pawlikowska, L. Watts, S. Wessely, D. Wright and E. P. Wallace, “Development of a fatigue scale”. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 1993, 37, pp. 147–153.
P. E. Barjonet, T. Benjamin, R. D. Huguenin and R. D. Witting, “SARTRE: Social Attitudes to Road Traffic Risk in Europe - Towards a new policy-relevant understanding of Europe's drivers”. Brussels: Institut National de Recherche sur les Transports et leur Sécurité (INRETS), 1994.
F. Sagberg, P. Jackson, H. P. Krüger, A. Muzet and A. Williams, “Fatigue, sleepiness and reduced alertness as risk factors in driving”. Oslo: Institute of Transport Economics, 2004.
ETSC, “The role of driver fatigue in commercial road transport crashes”. Brussels: European Transport Safety Council, 2001.
A. Hervas, F. Tortosa, J. Ferrero and C. Civera, “Effects of fatigue on simulated high speed driving for prolonged periods”. Universitas Psychologica, 2011, 10(3), pp. 897-907.
S. Kee, S. B. Mohd and Y. M. Goh, “Driving Fatigue and Performance among Occupational Drivers in Simulated Prolonged Driving”. Global Journal of Health Science, 2010, 2(1), pp. 167-177.