Colorful, Cute, Attractive and Carcinogenic: The Dangers of Dyes
Cancer Research Journal
Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014, Pages: 42-48
Received: Nov. 29, 2014; Accepted: Dec. 3, 2014; Published: Dec. 27, 2014
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Authors
Durinézio José de Almeida, Department of Biology, Post-graduate Program in Comparative Biology, State University of Maringa (UEM), Maringá, Brazil
Gabriela Datsch Bennemann, Department of Agronomy, State University of Midwest (UNICENTRO), Guarapuava, Brazil
Camila Cristina Bianchi, Department of Nutrition, Faculdade Campo real, Guarapuava, Brazil
Guilherme Barroso L. de Freitas, Department of Pharmacy, State University of Midwest (UNICENTRO), Guarapuava, Brazil; Department of Clinical Patology, Post-Degree Program in Internal Medicine and Health Sciences, Federal University of Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, Brazil
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Abstract
Azo dyes and their derivatives have been linked to cases of bladder, prostate, esophagus, rectum, stomach and ovary cancer. These dyes are quite common on food, however, several countries have revised its use and reassessed what are the acceptable concentrations of these pigments. Twilight Yellow and Tartrazine are two azo dyes allowed on food in many countries around the world, they are used for the preparation of gelatins, cake, juices, ready soft drinks, candies, chewing gum, snacks, crackers and etc. Among children and adolescents, the consumption of these foods is common, which can lead to high dye levels in the body. This study examined the concentration of Twilight Yellow and Tartrazine dyes in food consumed by children in Brazilian schools. The results indicated that high consumption of sweets tends to exceed the acceptable daily intake of dyes. Moreover, many products have levels above the allowed by the Brazilian legislation, which increases the risk of cancer.
Keywords
Azo Dyes, Twilight Yellow, Tartrazine, Cancer
To cite this article
Durinézio José de Almeida, Gabriela Datsch Bennemann, Camila Cristina Bianchi, Guilherme Barroso L. de Freitas, Colorful, Cute, Attractive and Carcinogenic: The Dangers of Dyes, Cancer Research Journal. Special Issue:Lifestyle and Cancer Risk. Vol. 2, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 42-48. doi: 10.11648/j.crj.s.2014020601.15
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