Please enter verification code
Characterization of Pancreas in Sudanese Population Using Computerized Tomography
International Journal of Medical Imaging
Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014, Pages: 119-124
Received: Mar. 1, 2014; Accepted: May 9, 2014; Published: Sep. 30, 2014
Views 3415      Downloads 177
Afraa Siddig Hassan, Sudan University of Science and Technology, College of Medical Radiological Science, Khartoum, Sudan
Caroline Edward Ayad, Sudan University of Science and Technology, College of Medical Radiological Science, Khartoum, Sudan
Tag Eldeen Mohammed Ebrahim, Modern Medical Centre, Khartoum, Sudan
Elsafi Ahmed Abdalla, Sudan University of Science and Technology, College of Medical Radiological Science, Khartoum, Sudan
Article Tools
Follow on us
Normal pancreas has variable sizes therefore this study was conducted to define the normal pancreatic size and CT number for Sudanese to establish a local reference value. A total number of 241 Sudanese subjects were included in the study, 161 (66.8%) were males and 80 (33.2%) were females, their mean ages were 40.6 ± 16.1; all were examined using cross-sectional computerized tomography (CT) imaging for abdomen. The subject’s ages and gender were recorded and the body characteristics including height, weight, BMI, abdomen circumference (AC), were evaluated and correlated with pancreas size and CT number. This study revealed that the head of pancreas size was 27.9 ± 4.5 mm, the body was 23.1 ± 3.7mm, and tail was 19.0 ± 3.1mm, while the CT number (Hounsfield unit) was 59.1 ± 14, 57.3 ± 12.6 and 55.2 ± 13.1 respectively. Also the study showed a significant relation between the pancreas size, pancreas CT number, age, and AC at (p˂0.05).
Pancreas Measurement, CT scan, CT Number
To cite this article
Afraa Siddig Hassan, Caroline Edward Ayad, Tag Eldeen Mohammed Ebrahim, Elsafi Ahmed Abdalla, Characterization of Pancreas in Sudanese Population Using Computerized Tomography, International Journal of Medical Imaging. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 119-124. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmi.20140205.15
Williams PL, Warwick R, Dyson M, Bannister HL. The Pancreas. Gray's Anatomy. 37th Ed. Edinburg Churchill Livingstone. 1989; 1140-53.
McMinn RMH, Rose PG, Hutchings RT, Logan BM. (1995).Pancreas. McMinn's Functional and Clinical Anatomy Mosby; 277-9.
Slack JM. (1995).Developmental biology of the pancreas.Development; 121: 15 ,69-80
Vesterhus M, Haldorsen IS, Ræder H, Molven A, Njølstad
PR. (2008) Reduced Pancreatic Volume in Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor1A-Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young. J Clin EndocrinolMetabol; 93: 3505-9
Innes JT, Carey LC. (1994)Normal pancreatic dimensions in the adult human Amer J Surg;167:261-300
Romanes GJ. Cunningham's Textbook of Anatomy. 12th Ed.
Oxford University Press. Oxford New York Toronto.1981; 485-8
KS Basnet, TP Thapa, RP Upreti, PMS Dangol, RN Shrestha and S Dhungel .(2011).A morphometric study of human pancreas in Nepalese people Nepal Med Coll J; 13(2): 88-91
Balthazar EJ, Megibow AJ, Pozzi Mucelli R (2009) Imaging ofthe pancreas. Acute and chronic pancreatitis. Springer, Berlin
Wegener OH (1993) Whole body tomography. Blackwell ScientificPublications, Boston, pp 291–293
Andreas Heuck,peter A.Maubach,Maximilian Reisar,Stafan Feuerbach,Berhard Allgayer,Peter Lukas,andThomas Kahn.Age related morphology of the normal pancreas on Computed Tomography, Gastrointest Radiol12:18-22
Acar M, Degirmenci B, Tatli S (2010) Short pancreas: evaluationwith multi-detector row CT. Surg Radiol Anat 32:853–858
Von Schulz HG, Christou A, Gursky S, Rother P (1986)Computer-tomographic studies on the normal morphology andvolumetry of parenchymatous epigastric organs of man. AnatAnz 162:1–12
A. Djuric-Stefanovic, D. Masulovic,J. Kostic, K. Randjic & D. Saranovic (2012). CT volumetry of normal pancreas: correlation with the pancreatic diameters measurable by the cross-sectional imaging, and relationship with the gender, age, and body constitution Surg Radiol Anat 34:811-817
Kreel L, Haertel M, Katz D (1977) .Computed tomography of the normal pancreas. J Comput Assist Tomogr. Jul;1(3):290-9.
Noronha M, Salgadinho A, Ferreira De Almeida MJ, Dreiling DA, BordaloO. (1981). Alcohol and the pancreas. I. Clinical associations and histopathology of minimal pancreatic inflammation. Am JGastroenterol 76:114–119.
Stirling GA. (1994). The exocrine pancreas: Non-neoplasmic disorders.In: Wight DGD, editor. Liver, Biliary Tract and Exocrine Pancreas.3rd Ed. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone. p 597–650.
Rossle R. (1921). [Beitrage zur Kenntnis der gesunden und krankenBauchspeicheldruse]. Beitr Pathol Anat Allg Pathol 69:163–184
Tanaka G, Nakahara Y, Nakazima Y. (1989). [Japanese referenceman 1988-IV. Studies on the weight and size of internal organsof normal Japanese]. Nippon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai Zasshi49:344–364.
Ogiu N, Nakamura Y, Ijiri I, Hiraiwa K, Ogiu T. 1997. A statisticalanalysis of the internal organ weights of normal Japanese people.Health Phys 72:368–383
Worthen NJ, Beabeau D. (1982). Normal pancreatic echogenicity:Relation to age and body fat. AJR Am J Roentgenol 139:1095–1098
Glaser J, Stienecker K. (2000). Pancreas and aging: A study usingultrasonography. Gerontology 46:93–96
Heuck A, Maubach PA, Reiser M, Feuerbach S, Allgayer B, Lukas P,Kahn T. (1987). Age-related morphology of the normal pancreas on computed tomography. Gastrointest Radiol 12:18–22.
Silva ME, Vezozzo DP, Ursich MJ, Rocha DM, Cerri GG, WajchenbergBL. (1993). Ultrasonographic abnormalities of the pancreas inIDDM and NIDDM patients. Diabet Care6:1296–1297
Geraghty EM, Boone JM (2003) Determination of height, weight,body mass index, and body surface area with a single abdominal CT image. Radiology 228:857–863
El-Hodhod MA, Nassar MF, Hetta OA, Gomaa SM. (2005)Pancreatic size in protein energy malnutrition: a predictor of nutritional recovery. European J Clin Nutr;59: 467–73.
Vesterhus M, Haldorsen IS, Ræder H, Molven A, NjølstadPR. (2008)Reduced Pancreatic Volume in Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor1A-Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young. J Clin Endocrinol Metabol; 93: 3505-9
Standring S. Pancreas. Grays Anatomy. The Anatomical Basis,of Clinical Practice 39th Ed. Churchill Livingstone. Edinburg,London New York 2005; 1231-7
Adhip P. N. Majumdar, Richard Jaszewski and Michael A. Dubick,(1997) Effect of Aging on the Gastrointestinal Tract and the Pancreas Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 215: 134
Andrew W. Senile (1944)changes in the pancreas of Wistar Institute rats and of man with special regard to the similarity of locale and cavity formation. Am J Anat 74:97-127,
Laugier R, Bernard J-P, Berthezene P, Dupuy P.(1991)Changes in pancreatic exocrine secretion with age: Pancreatic exocrine secretion does decrease in the elderly. Digestion 50:202-211,
Geokas MC, Conteas CN, Majumdar PN. (1985)The aging gastrointestinal tract, liver, and pancreas. Clin Geriatr Med 1:177-205
Vellas B, Balas D, Moreau J, Bouisson M, Senegas-Balas F, Guidet M, Ribet A. (1988)Exocrine pancreatic secretion in the elderly. Int J Pancreatol 3:497-502
Carlson, Bruce M. (2004). Human embryology and developmental biology. St. Louis: Mosby. pp. 372–4. ISBN 0-323-01487-9
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186