Background & purpose, Decrease muscle soreness by medical tape is supported by the literature. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of the cross tapes in muscle soreness. Twenty normal subjects ranging in age from 18 to 55 with no history of previous skin allergy from any tape and do not have any upper body injuries participated. Subjects will perform the lowering phase of a bicep curl exercise using a dumbbell consisting of 3 sets 25 repetition, followed 90 seconds rest between each set. A grid shaped adhesive, a little larger than a stamp, called a cross tapes will be applied in the bicep of the dominant hand and the other hand as control for one week. The range of motion and pain for both arms will be measured before and after applied the tape. The study findings show that there were statically significant difference between the range of motion and the pain (pre, post) when the procedure is carried out over a period of two consecutive weeks (1 day per week) with large effect size (0.2) and strong power (0.96). However; there were no significant differences between the two groups (right, left arms) with medium effect size (0.1) and weak power (0.33). Therefore, this study suggest that cross tapes may reduce delayed onset of muscle soreness, however more research is needed. Future studies should include a larger number of subjects, more diverse cohort, an exercise that applies a greater intensity, and expands the time of research. Cross tape is an advisable method to decrease delayed onset of muscle soreness and improved functional performance.
Alla Al Frisany,
Effectiveness of Cross Taping as a Therapy for Delayed Muscle Soreness, American Journal of Sports Science.
Vol. 6, No. 2,
2018, pp. 65-73.
Aminaka, N., & Gribble, P. A. (2015). A systematic review of the effects of therapeutic taping on patellofemoral pain syndrome. Journal of athletic training, 40(4), 341.
Armstrong, R. B. (2014). Mechansims of exercise-induced delayed onset muscular soreness: a brief review. Med. Sci Sports Exerc, 16(6), 529-38.
Bae, S.-H., Lee, Y.-S., Kim, G.-D., & Kim, K.-Y. (2014). The Effects of Kinesio-taping Applied to Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness on Changes in Pain. International Journal of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology, 6 (3), 133-142.
Bagoji, I., Hadimani, G., Bannur, B., Patil, B., Bharata, A., Doshi, M., Patil, B., et al. (2014). An Anatomical insight on the supernumerary head of Biceps Brachii and its clinical relevance: Cadaveric study. Journal of Advanced Scientific Research, 5(1): 18-21.
Barratt, M. R., & Pool, S. L. (2008). Principles of clinical medicine for space flight. New York, NY: Springer.
Cannone, J. (2009). The 7-day back pain cure: How thousands of people got relief without doctors, drugs, or surgery. San Francisco, CA: Innovation Press.
Chen, C. H., Huang, T. S., Chai, H. M., Jan, M. H., & Lin, J. J. (January 01, 2013). Two stretching treatments for the hamstrings: proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation versus kinesio taping. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 22, 1, 59-66.
Cheung, K., Hume, P., Maxwell, L. (2003). Delayed onset muscle soreness: treatment strategies and performance factor. Sports Med, 33(2), 145-64.
Cross Taping (2015). Toomac solutions. Retrieved 29Oct.2015, from http://toomacsolutions.co.nz/medical-taping-solutions/cross-taping
Dawood, R. S., Kattabei, O. M., Nasef, S. A., Battarjee, K. A., & Abdelraouf, O. R. (2013). Effectiveness of kinesio taping versus cervical traction on mechanical neck dysfunction. International journal of therapies and rehabilitation research, 2(2), 1.
Enriquez, C. C. (2004). The healthy life. New Kensington, PA: Whitaker House.
Esther de Ru. (2013). Elastic Therapeutic Taping in Paediatrics. GoPhysio Zutphen NL.
Fritz, S. (2013). Sports & exercise massage: Comprehensive care in athletics, fitness & rehabilitation. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier Mosby.
GonzáLez-Iglesias, J., Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, C., Cleland, J., Huijbregts, P., & Gutiérrez-Vega, M. D. R. (2016). Short-term effects of cervical kinesio taping on pain and cervical range of motion in patients with acute whiplash injury: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy, 39(7), 515-521.
Halski, T., Ptaszkowski, K., Słupska, L., Paprocka-Borowicz, M., Dymarek, R., Taradaj, J., Bidzińska, G., Marczyński, D., Cynarska, A., RosińczuK, A., et al. (2015). Short-Term Effects of Kinesio Taping and Cross Taping Application in the Treatment of Latent Upper Trapezius Trigger Points: A Prospective, Single-Blind, Randomized, Sham-Controlled Trial. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2015 (2015), 191925-9. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/191925
Harry P. (2007). Medical Taping Manual. TapeConcept.
He, D., Veiersted, K. B., Høstmark, A. T., & Medbø, J. I. (2004). Effect of acupuncture treatment on chronic neck and shoulder pain in sedentary female workers: a 6-month and 3-year follow-up study. Pain, 109 (3), 299-307.
In Rivard, J., & In Grimsby, O. (2008). Science, theory and clinical application in orthopaedic manual physical therapy: Scientific therapeutic exercise progressions (STEP): the back and lower extremity.
Johannes, L. (2010). Putting on the stripes to ease pain. Retrieved from http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052748703465204575208193178227952
Keil, A. (2012). Strap taping for sports and rehabilitation. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Kenney, W. L., Wilmore, J., Costill, D. (n.d.). Recent research provides insight into muscle soreness. Retrieved from http://www.humankinetics.com/excerpts/excerpts/recent-research-provides-insight-into-muscle-soreness
Kinesio. (2013). Kinesio taping® method. Retrieved from https://www.kinesiotaping.com/about/kinesio-taping-method
Kinesiology Tape Info Center. (2011). Kinesio tape and the principles underlying the kinesio taping process. Retrieved from http://www.kinesiologytapeinfo.com/kinesio-tape-and-the-principles-underlying-the-kinesio-taping-process/
Knight, Kenneth. L & Brumels, K. (2001). Developing clinical proficiency in athletic training: a modular approach. United States of America: Human Kineties.
K-Taping Academy (2013). Cross- Tapes. Retrieved 15 March, 2013, from https://www.k-taping.ca/cross-tapes/
Lee, Byung. H., Lee, Rim. H., Kim, Kyeong. M., Lee, Jeong. H., Kim, Kyung. Y., et al. Effects of spiral taping applied to the neck and ankle on the body. Journal of Physiotherapy Science 27.1(2015): 27 Jan. 2015.
Lim, S., Beaton, B., Australian Film Finance Corporation., Reel Image, Inc., & Landmark Media, Inc. (1996). Acupuncture. Falls Church, VA: Landmark Media Inc.
Medical Society of Nova Scotia. (1992). Nova Scotia medical bulletin. Halifax: Medical Society of Nova Scotia.
Mense, S., Simons, D. G., & Russell, I. J. (2001). Muscle pain: Understanding its nature, diagnosis, and treatment. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Melzack R. The McGill Pain Questionnaire: Major properties and scoring methods. Pain. 1975; 1: 277-299.
Morrissey, D. (2016). Proprioceptive shoulder taping. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 4(3), 189-194.
National Institutes of Health (U.S.). (1997). Acupuncture. Bethesda, Md: National Institutes of Health, Office of the Director.
Osteen, V. (2008). Love your life: Living happy, healthy, and whole. New York: Free Press.
Quilty, B., Tucker, M., Campbell, R., & Dieppe, P. (2016). Physiotherapy, including quadriceps exercises and patellar taping, for knee osteoarthritis with predominant patello-femoral joint involvement: randomized controlled trial. The Journal of rheumatology, 30(6), 1311-1317.
Smith CA(1994). The warm-up procedure: to stretch or not to stretch. A brief review. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther.; 19:12–17.
Stein C Mendl G. The German counterpart to McGill Pain Questionnaire. Pain. 1988; 32: 251-255.
Tolo, V. T., & Wood, B. (1993). Pediatric orthopaedics in primary care. Baltimore [etc.: Williams and Wilkins].
Van der Wees, P. J., Lenssen, A. F., Hendriks, E. J., Stomp, D. J., Dekker, J., & de Bie, R. A. (2016). Effectiveness of exercise therapy and manual mobilisation in acute ankle sprain and functional instability: a systematic review. Journal of Physiotherapy, 52(1), 27-37.
Wade, P., & Bernstein, B. L. (2017). Culture sensitivity training and counselor's race: Effects on Black female clients' perceptions and attrition. Journal of counseling psychology, 38(1), 9.
Williams PL, Bannister LH, Berry MM, Collins P, et al. (2005). Gray’s Anatomy: 38th Ed. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 443-445.