Influence of Maturity Stage on Nutritional and Therapeutic Potentialities of Solanum anguivi Lam Berries (Gnagnan) Cultivated in Côte D’Ivoire
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 5-1, October 2014, Pages: 1-5
Accepted: Apr. 16, 2014; Published: Jun. 14, 2014
Views 4656      Downloads 140
Authors
DAN Chépo Ghislaine, Department of Food Science and Technology, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire; Abidjan
KOUASSI Kouakou Nestor, Department of Food Science and Technology, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire; Abidjan
BAN Koffi Louis, Centre National de Recherche Agronomique, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, 01 BP 1740 Abidjan
NEMLIN Gnopo Jean, Centre National de Recherche Agronomique, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, 01 BP 1740 Abidjan
KOUAME Patrice Lucien, Department of Food Science and Technology, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire; Abidjan
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Solanum anguivi Lam, collectively called Gnagnan in Côte d'Ivoire is an eggplant with nutritional and therapeutic potentialities. The present study was undertaken to analyze the chemical composition of berries at different stages of maturity. Data showed that at the first stage of maturity, green berries are rich in ascorbic acid (34.5 ± 1.7 mg / 100 g DM), phenolic compounds (956.7 ± 71.1 mg / 100 g DM), iron (467.7 ± 1.8 mg / 100 g DM), magnesium (404.6 ± 16.3 mg / 100 g DM) and potassium (2059.7 ± 22.3 mg/100 g DM). However at the last stage of maturity, red berries are rich in proteins, cellulose, total sugars, fat and potassium with values of 22.53 ± 2 g/100 g DM, 19.12 ± 0.4 g/100 g DM, 3.7 ± 0.2 g/100 g DM, 2.7 ± 0.2 g/100 g DM and 2290.8 ± 22.2 mg / 100 g DM respectively. Thin layer chromatography revealed the presence of glucose, ribose, xylose, arabinose and fructose at all maturity stages. Excepted alkaloids and gallic tannins, the phytochemical sorting revealed that Gnagnan contain several pharmacological components. According to the maturity stages, orange and red berries showed a higher content in sterols and polyterpens, flavonoids and saponins. The green berries contain most of polyphenols, catechin tannins and quinons. As to yellow berries, they are rich in polyphenols and catechin tannins. Data of our study may enhance clinical research on the nutritional and pharmacological properties of S. anguivi Lam.
Keywords
Gnagnan, Maturity Stage, Chemical Composition, Thin Layer Chromatography, Phytochemical Sorting
To cite this article
DAN Chépo Ghislaine, KOUASSI Kouakou Nestor, BAN Koffi Louis, NEMLIN Gnopo Jean, KOUAME Patrice Lucien, Influence of Maturity Stage on Nutritional and Therapeutic Potentialities of Solanum anguivi Lam Berries (Gnagnan) Cultivated in Côte D’Ivoire, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Special Issue: Food Safety. Vol. 3, No. 5-1, 2014, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.s.2014030501.11
References
[1]
Agnieszka S., Stanisław C. and Edward K. 2007. Cultivated eggplants – origin, breeding objectives and genetic resources, a review. Folia Horticulturae Ann. 19/1 :97-114
[2]
Rubaihayo E. 1994. Indigenous Vegetables of Uganda. In African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, African Crop Science Society; 120-124.
[3]
Grubben H and Denton A. 2004. Plant Ressources of Tropical Africa 2 Vegetables. Fondation Prota, Wageningen, Blackshuys Publisher, CTA, 737 p.
[4]
N’Dri D, Calani L, Mazzeo T, Scazzina F, Rinaldi M, Del Rio D, Pellegrini N and Brighenti F. 2010. Effects of different maturity stages on antioxidant content of Ivorian gnagnan (Solanum indicum L.) berries. Mol., 15: 7125-7138.
[5]
Upadhye A. S., Kumbhalkar B. B. and Deshpande. 2012. Macro – microscopic evaluation and HPTLC-densitometric analysis of solasodine from fruits of some medicinally important species in genus Solanum Linn. Indian Journal of Natural Products and Ressources. 3(2):166-172.
[6]
Gandhiappan J. and Rengasamy R. 2012. Comparative Evaluation of Antimicrobial Activities of the Members of Solanaceae. Der Pharmacia Sinica, 3 (3):357-360
[7]
Elekofehinti O. O., Adanlawo I. G. and Fakoya A. 2012. Solanum anguivi saponins inhibit basal erythropoiesis in Rattus norvegicus. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences. Volume 2, Issue 3: 416-419.
[8]
Schippers R. R. 2000. African indigenous vegetables – An overview of the cultivated species. 103-118
[9]
Denton O.A. and Nwangburuka C.C. 2011. Genetic Variability in Eighteen Cultivars of Solanum anguivi Lam. using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Single Linkage Cluster Analysis (SLCA). Annals of Biological Research, 2 (4): 62-67
[10]
AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis (14th edition). Association of official analytical chemists.Washington DC.
[11]
Taussky H. and Shorr E. (1953). A micro colorometric method of determination of inorganique phosphorus. Journal of Biology and Chemistry, 202: 675-875.
[12]
Dubois M, Gruillies K, Hamilton J, Rogers P and Smith F. 1956. Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Anal. Chem. 28: 350-356.
[13]
BIPEA. 1976. Bureau Interprofessionnel d’Etude Analytique. Recueil des méthodes d’analyses des communautés Européennes, 110 p.
[14]
Swain T and Hillis E. 1959. The phenolic constituents of prunes domestic. The quantitative analysis of phenolic constituents. J. Sci. F.Agric., 10: 63-68.
[15]
Poncrazt C. 1971 dans BIPEA, 1976. Bureau interprofessionnel d’études Analytiques. Recueil des méthodes d’Analyse des Communautés Européennes.
[16]
Bruckner H.1955. Estimation of monosaccharides by orcinol-sulfuric acid reaction. Biochem. J., 60: 200-205.
[17]
Nemlin J and Brunel J. 1995. Fascicule de travaux pratiques de matière médicale (3ème année). Université nationale de Côte d’Ivoire. Faculté de Pharmacie. Département de pharmacognosie. Laboratoire de phytologie, p 47.
[18]
Tucker G and Grierson D. 1987. Fruit ripening In: Davies the biochemistry of plants. A comprehensive treatise, Physiology of Metabolism. London, Academic Press, 12: 265-319.
[19]
Redgwell R. 1997. In vivo and in vitro swelling of cell walls during fruit ripening. Pl., 203: 162-173.
[20]
Agoreyo B, Obansa E and Obanor E. 2012. Comparative nutritional and phytochemical analyses of two varieties of Solanum melongena. Sci. Wd. J., 7(1): 5- 8.
[21]
FAO. 1967. List of food and composition table for use in Africa. Jardin CI.FAO, 320 p.
[22]
Lopez H, Leenhardt F, Coudray C and Remesy C. 2002. Minerals and phytic acid interaction is it a real problem for human nutrition? Int. J. F. Sci. Tech, 37: 727-739.
[23]
Leung W, Busson F and Jardin C. 1968. Food composition table for use in Africa. FAO, Rome, Italy, 306 p.
[24]
Liu S, Manson J, Lee J, Cole S, Hennekens C, Willet W and Buring J. 2000. Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease the women’s health study. Am. J. Clin Nutr., 72: 922-978.
[25]
Weil J.(1994). Biochimie générale. Révisée et complétée,7 ème édition Masson Paris, France, 566 p.
[26]
Luthria D. 2006. Significance of sample preparation in developing analytical methodologies for accurate estimation of bioactive compounds in functional foods. J. Sci. F. Agric., 86: 2266-2272.
[27]
Kadam S and Salunkhe D. 1998. Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology. Marcel, Incorporation, New York, 232 p.
[28]
Burkenya Z. 1993. Studies in the taxonomy of Solanum L. in southern Ghana. MSCc Thesis. University of Ghana, Ghana, 194 p.
[29]
Brady C. 1987. Fruit ripening. Ann. rev. Pl. Phys. 38:155-178. Paris M and Hurabielle M. 1981. Abrégé de matière médicale (pharmacognosie). Tome 1: Généralités monographiques. Masson (édition). Paris, 173 p.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186