Health Benefits of Fish Consumption and Its Contribution to Poverty Alleviation and Food Security in Ethiopia: A Review
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages: 118-124
Received: Aug. 3, 2020;
Accepted: Aug. 14, 2020;
Published: Aug. 25, 2020
Views 48 Downloads 72
Tamiru Yazew, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Wollega University, Shambu, Ethiopia
Diribe Kumsa, Department of Animal Science, Wollega University, Shambu, Ethiopia
Agama Daba, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Wollega University, Shambu, Ethiopia
Food insecurity and malnutrition remains a public health threat in developing countries including Ethiopia, as millions of people continue to suffer from these problems. Therefore, fish consumption is one of the most important sources of micro and macronutrients for human health and overcome food insecurity and malnutrition problems. Ethiopia is endowed with lakes, reservoirs and rivers, which could be the potential resources for fisheries production and consumption. However, their exploitation and contribution to food security and poverty alleviation in the country was scarce. Therefore, this review was designed to provide the current information concerning the health benefits of fish consumption and its contribution to poverty alleviation and food security issues in Ethiopia. Peer-reviewed articles, gray literature, key reports from national and international organizations, research findings in developed and developing countries were used to collect information for this work. Fish is a source of protein, polyunsaturated fatty acids, minerals and vitamins, which could prevent non-communicable diseases. However, access to road infrastructure, pond management level, water sources, fish feed status, location of ponds and consumption habits were factors affecting fish production and consumption. Other factors which could affect fish production were climate change and variability, low fish supply, lack of awareness, lack of support, lack of facilities, low profit, and distance from market place. Therefore, a strategic partnership and collaboration of all responsible bodies should determine the long term impacts of fisheries production and consumption patterns on the poverty alleviation, food and nutrition security in the country.
Health Benefits of Fish Consumption and Its Contribution to Poverty Alleviation and Food Security in Ethiopia: A Review, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences.
Vol. 9, No. 4,
2020, pp. 118-124.
Adewolu M, Adoti A. 2010. Effect of mixed feeding schedules with varying dietary crude protein levels on the growth and feed utilization, Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science. 5: 304-310.
Agumassie T. 2018. Review in current problems of Ethiopian fishery: In case of human and natural associated impacts on water bodies, International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 6 (2): 94-95.
Assefa M. 2014. Fish Production, Consumption and Management in Ethiopia, Research Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Management. 3 (9): 460-466.
Aydin H., Dilek, M. K, Aydin, K. 2011. Trends in fish and fishery products consumption in Turkey, Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 11: 499-50.
Belton B, Haque M, Little D. 2012. Does size matter? Reassessing the relationship between aquaculture and poverty in Bangladesh, Journal of Development Studies. 48: 904-922.
Belton B, Thilsted H. 2014. Fisheries in transition: Food and nutrition security implications for the global South, Global Food Security. 3: 59-66.
Belton B, Little D. 2011. Immanent and interventionist inland Asian aquaculture development and its outcomes, Development Policy Review. 29: 459-484.
Bene C, Barange M, Subasinghe R, et al. 2015. Feeding 9 billion by 2050 putting fish back on the menu, Food Secur. 7: 261-274.
Carlucci D, Giuseppe N, Biagia D, et al. 2015. Consumer purchasing behavior towards fish and seafood products, Patterns and insights from a sample of international studies. 212-227.
Daw T, Neil K, Badjeck M. 2008. Climate change and capture fisheries. University of East Anglia, Norwich, World Fish Center, Penang.
Edward H. 2011. Aquaculture, Fisheries, Poverty and Food Security, Working Paper 2011-65. The World Fish Center.
EEL. 2012. Ethiopian Embassy London. Fish farming in Ethiopia.
Erdogan B, Mol. S, Cosansu, S. 2011. Factors influencing the consumption of seafood in Istanbul, Turkey, Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences; 11: 651-658.
FAO. 2013a. Fish consumption in Somalia. CAADP Workshop. Information for better livelihoods. The European Commission Swiss Agency for development and cooperation donors’ technical partner report. Fisheries and Aquaculture department of food and agriculture organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy. pp. 4-6.
FAO. 2013b. State of Food and Agriculture: Food Systems for Better Agriculture. Rome, FAO.
FAO. 2015. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. 76-85.
FAO. 2014. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture. Fisheries and Aquaculture department of FAO of the United Nations. Rome, Italy. 75-76.
Jess F. 2015. Sustainable Diets for Nutrition and Environmental Health: The impact of food choices, dietary patterns and consumerism on the planet, Advances in food and research. pp 163-172.
Kassebaum N, Jasrasaria R, Naghavi M et al. 2014. Systematic analysis of global anemia burden from 1990 to 2010. Blood 123, 615-624.
Kundu C, Nyamweya A, Njiru J. 2018. Effect of Social and Economic Drivers on Success of Small Scale Fish farming in Western Kenya, African Journal of Tropical Hydrobiology and Fisheries. 14: 29-44.
Lund M, Elizabeth K. 2013. “Health benefits of seafood; is it just the fatty acids?” Food chemistry. 3: 413-420.
MARD. 2015. Annual production of fish in Ethiopia. Unpublished report of the Ministry of Agriculture and rural development, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp. 1-7.
Mebratu A, Alemayehu S, Taffesse P et al. 2015. Crop production in Ethiopia: Regional patterns and trends. The International food policy research institute sustainable solutions for ending hunger and poverty. Summary of ESSP II Working Paper 16. pp. 1-5.
Pieniak Z, Kołod M, Kowrygo B, et al. 2011. Consumption patterns and labelling of fish and fishery products in Poland after the EU accession, Food Control. 22 (6): 843-850.
Roberto M, Manoel X. 2014. Effect of Socio-Economic Variables on Fish Production of Small Farmers in Tocantins State, Brazil, Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology. 4: 331-339.
Stevens G, Bennett J, Hennocq Q et al. 2015. Trends and mortality effects of vitamin A deficiency in children in 138 low-income and middle-income countries between 1991 and 2013: a pooled analysis of population-based surveys. Lancet Glob. Health. 3, 528-536.
Swanson D, Robert B, Shaker A. 2012. Omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA: health benefits throughout life. Advances in Nutrition, an International Review Journal. 3 (1): 1-7.
Temesgen M, Getahun A. 2016. Fishery Management Problems in Ethiopia: Natural and Human Induced Impacts and the Conservation Challenges, Reviews in Fisheries Science and Aquaculture. 24 (4): 305-313.
Tesfay A, Teferi H. 2017. Assessment of fish post-harvest losses in Tekeze dam and Lake Hashenge fishery associations: northern Ethiopia. Agriculture and Food Security. 6: 1-12.
Thorsdottir J. 2012. A model of fish consumption among young consumers, Journal of Consumer Marketing 29, 1: 4-12.
USDA. 2002. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 15. Washington, DC.
USDA. 2016. United States Department of Agricultural Research Service USDA Food Composition Databases.
Bennett A, Pawan P, Kristin K, et al. 2018. Contribution of Fisheries to Food and Nutrition Security: Current Knowledge, Policy, and Research. NI Report 18-02. Durham, NC: Duke University.
FAO. 2017. Food Balance Sheets, (accessed Sept 21, 2017).
Bogard J, Farook S, Marks G et al. 2017. Higher fish but lower micronutrient intakes: Temporal changes in fish consumption from capture fisheries and aquaculture in Bangladesh. PLoS ONE 12 (4).
FAO. 2018b. World Aquaculture Performance Indicators. Fish Consumption Module, Rome, Italy.
UN. 2017. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. World Population Prospects. The 2017 Revision, Key Findings and Advance Tables, New York, NY, USA.
De Graaf GJ, Garibaldi L. 2019. The Value of African Fisheries; FAO: Rome, Italy, 2019; 67pp.
Anderson JL, Asche F, Garlock T et al. 2017. Aquaculture: Its role in the future of food. In Frontiers of Economics and Globalization; Emerald Publishing Limited: Bradford, UK, 159-173.
FAO, IFAD, WFP, 2015. The state of Food Insecurity in the World. Meeting the 2015 international hunger of targets: taking stock of uneven progress. Rome.
Black E, Allen L, Bhutta Z et al. 2008. Maternal and child under nutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences; 371 (1): 249-56.
Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency and World Food Programme. 2014. Ethiopia comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA).
Saaka M, Osman S. 2013. Does Household Food Insecurity Affect the Nutritional Status of Preschool Children Aged 6–36 Months? Int J Popul Res; 2013 (1): 4–12.
Ali D, Saha K, Nguyen P et al. 2013. Household food insecurity is associated with higher child under nutrition in Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Vietnam, but the effect is not mediated by child dietary diversity. J Nutr.; 143: 1-7.
UN. 2015. Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Global Action. United Nations, New York.
Allison, E. H., Perry, A. L., Badjeck, M. C et al. 2009. Vulnerability of national economies to the impacts of climate change on fisheries. Fish and Fisheries, 10 (2): 173-196.
IPCC. 2013. Climate change 2013: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Akande GR, Diei-Ouadi Y. 2010. Post-harvest losses in small-scale fisheries. Case studies in five sub-Saharan African countries. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 550. Rome: FAO.
FAO. 2012. Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profiles, Ethiopia. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department.
Global Fish Alliance. 2010. The importance of capture fisheries in food security in Ethiopia. Fact sheets on state of fisheries in African countries.
FAO. 2016. State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, Contributing to Food Security and Nutrition for All, FAO, Rome, Italy.
Birhanu K. 2019. Assessing fish production, demand and supply in the selected districts of North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol. 14 (32), pp. 1520-1531.
Gatriay T. 2020. Assessment of Factors Affecting Fish Production and Marketing in Gambella Region, Ethiopia. The Scientiﬁc World Journal. Volume 2020, 8 pages.
Bennett A, Pawan P and Kristin K et al. (2018). Contribution of Fisheries to Food and Nutrition Security: Current Knowledge, Policy, and Research. NI Report 18-02. Durham.