The Effects of Nutritional Knowledge on the Dietary Practices of People Living with HIV in Kayole Division, Nairobi-Kenya
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 597-601
Received: Dec. 9, 2014; Accepted: Dec. 29, 2014; Published: Jan. 12, 2015
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Authors
Olive Gaceri Muthamia, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Sciences, Mount Kenya University, Thika, Kenya
Alice Mboganie Mwangi, Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Samuel Kuria Mbugua, Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
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Abstract
Introduction and background: Appropriate nutrition knowledge influences the dietary intake in all income setups. This further influences the dietary adequacy and nutrition status. Nutritional knowledge is very important to People Living with HIV (PLHIV). It must be meaningful to influence their dietary practices. This is through the adaption of optimal dietary practices. Dietary practices also influence the nutrition status, enhance drug metabolism and efficacy. Information on the influence of nutrition knowledge on dietary practices of PLHIV is scarce. Objective: Thus, this study sought to establish the association between nutrition knowledge and individual dietary practices components of HIV patients in low income settings. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among149 persons with Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and attached to Women Fighting HIV/AIDS in Kenya (WOFAK) centre in Kayole division. The researcher administered questionnaires which had been pretested and assessed for validity and reliability in data collection on 149 PLHIV. Spearman’s rho was used to establish the relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary practices. Results: The relationship between nutrition knowledge and the number of meals consumed in a day (0.001), the frequency at which fruits (0.001), vegetables (0.003), legumes (0.003), animal products (0.001) and were-delete cereals (0.020) consumed was positive and significant (p<0.05) respectively. Nutrition knowledge influences the dietary practices of HIV patients. This is by increasing the choice and intake of foods that are nutrient dense; that boost the immunity while preventing loss of muscle and also restricting on foods that would impact their nutrition status negatively. Conclusions and recommendations: Dietary practices were more optimal as the nutrition knowledge increased. Appropriate nutrition information should be communicated to PLHIV at the point of contact with care centres. PLHIV in low income settings should be guided in the choice of nutritious affordable foods within their economic capacity. Follow up should be provided to ensure that nutritional knowledge impacted on PLHIV is translated to dietary practices for better health outcome.
Keywords
Nutritional Knowledge, Dietary Practices, People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (PLHIV), Kenya
To cite this article
Olive Gaceri Muthamia, Alice Mboganie Mwangi, Samuel Kuria Mbugua, The Effects of Nutritional Knowledge on the Dietary Practices of People Living with HIV in Kayole Division, Nairobi-Kenya, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 597-601. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140306.27
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