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Effect of Cold Application Versus Contrast Hydrotherapy on Patients Knee Osteoarthritis Outcomes
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2019, Pages: 145-152
Received: Mar. 31, 2019; Accepted: May 20, 2019; Published: Jun. 17, 2019
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Manal Ibrahem Abd elFatah, Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni Seuif University, Beni Suef, Egypt
Soheir Mohammed Weheida, Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Mimi Mohammed Mekkawy, Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assuit University, Assuit, Egypt
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Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent and far common debilitating form of arthritis which can be defined as a degenerative condition affecting synovial joint. Physical agents can fight the painful process such as cold or contrast hydrotherapy Aim. Evaluate the effect of cold application versus contrast hydrotherapy on pain control, functional abilities and quality of life. Setting: The study was conducted at Assuit University Hospital in out patients’ clinics. Subjects: 180 adult patients with knee osteoarthritis. Tools: were selected four tools Tool I: Bio-socio demographic characteristics Tool II: 0-10 Numeric pain rating scale. Tool II1: health assessment questionnaire. Tool IV: WHOQOL-BREF Results: decreased mean of pain score between contrast group than cold group (3.5 ± 2.1 vs 7.0 ± 1.9 respectively, improve mean HAQ disability index score intervention was 17.9 ± 6.3 &12.7 ± 5.9 between cold and contrast hydrotherapy respectively and increasing mean between contrast group than cold group regarding all domain of quality of life. Conclusion: greater pain relief and functional improvements found when subjects used contrast therapy. Recommendation: Superficial contrast therapy should be included in the early effort to manage patients with osteoarthritis.
Knee Osteoarthritis, Cold Application, Contrast Hydrotherapy
To cite this article
Manal Ibrahem Abd elFatah, Soheir Mohammed Weheida, Mimi Mohammed Mekkawy, Effect of Cold Application Versus Contrast Hydrotherapy on Patients Knee Osteoarthritis Outcomes, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2019, pp. 145-152. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20190804.14
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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