Effect of Early Nursing Preparation on Anxiety Among Patients Undergoing Cardiac Catheterization
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 222-231
Received: Oct. 1, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 12, 2016; Published: Oct. 31, 2016
Views 5221      Downloads 252
Samira E. Aboalizm, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt
Nahid F. El Gahsh, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt
Samah E. Masry, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt
Article Tools
Follow on us
When patients are hospitalized for diagnostic methods, including cardiac catheterization, the anxiety increases. Therefore, treating these reactions can speed up recovery and decrease of anxiety that causes cardiac complication. Study evaluates the effect of early nursing preparation on anxiety among patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. A quasi experimental research design was utilized. The study was conducted at the Cardiac Catheterization Unit of Menoufia University Hospital, Menoufia Governorate, Shebien El-Kom, Egypt. Subjects: A purposive sample of 100 adult patients of both sexes who were admitted to the cardiac catheterization unit. Tools: two tools were utilized. Tool I: cardiac catheterization patients needs assessment: structured interviewing scheduled questionnaire, consisted of the following: Part 1: Sociodemographic and clinical data. Part II: Cardiac Catheterization Knowledge Assessment Sheet. Tool II: Hamilton anxiety rating scale (HAM-A). Results: the study group had better knowledge than control group, there were statistical significant differences were existed between study and control group regarding the anxiety level at day and post procedure at P values = 0.0001. There were highly statistically significant difference and correlation existed between anxiety and age, gender and level of education at p value= 0.0001. There was a significant correlation between knowledge and anxiety scores at P value= 0.004. Conclusion: it can be concluded that, the early preparation and gave patients’ information before cardiac catheterization improve patients’ knowledge and reduced anxiety.
Nursing Preparation, Anxiety, Cardiac Catheterization
To cite this article
Samira E. Aboalizm, Nahid F. El Gahsh, Samah E. Masry, Effect of Early Nursing Preparation on Anxiety Among Patients Undergoing Cardiac Catheterization, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2016, pp. 222-231. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20160505.17
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Alizadehsani R, Habibi J, Hosseini MJ, Mashayekhi H, Boghrati R, Ghandeharioun A, & et al., (2013). A data mining approach for diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Comput Methods Programs Biomed., 111(1):52–61.
WHO Cardiovascular disease. World Health Organization; (2013). [Cited accessed August 28, Available from: http://www.who. int/cardiovasculardiseases/en/index.html.
Lavi S., Kandzari D., Barsness G. In: Barsness I, Holmes D,. (2012). Coronary Artery Disease. London: Springer;
Wilcoxson VL.,.( 2012). Early Ambulation After Diagnostic Cardiac Catheterization via Femoral ArteryAccess. J Nurse Pract., 8 (10):810-5.
Mikosch P., Hadrawa T., Laubreiter K., Brandl J., Pilz J, Stettner H., & et al., (2010). Effectiveness of respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia biofeedback on state-anxiety in patients undergoing coronary angiography. J Adv Nurs., 66(5):1101–10.
McEnroe-Petitte, Denise M. MSN, RN, (2015). Influence of Music on Preoperative Anxiety and Physiologic Parameters in Women Undergoing Gynecologic Surgery November, Volume :41 Number 11 – P., 14-15.
Dogan MV, Senturan L. )2012(. The effect of music therapy on the level of anxiety in the patients undergoing coronary angiography. Open J Nurs. ;02(03):165-9.
Weeks BP, & Nilsson U. (2011). Music interventions in patients during coronary angiographic procedures: a randomized controlled study of the effect on patients' anxiety and well-being. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs., 10(2):88-93.
Mohammadi N., Tizhoosh M., Seyedoshohadaei M.,& Haghani H. (2012). Face-to-Face Education vs. Group Education on Knowledge and Anxiety of Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography [in Persian]. Hayat. 18(3):44-53.
Mahmoudirad G, Ghaedi Mosolo M, & Bahrami H. (2014). Effect of foot reflexology on anxiety of patients undergoing coronary angiography. Iran J Crit Care Nurs., 6(4):235-42.
Nekouei ZK, Yousefy A, Manshaee G, & Nikneshan S.( 2011). Comparing anxiety in cardiac patients candidate for angiography with normal population. ARYA Atheroscler, 7(3):93-6.
Dogan MV,& Senturan L. (2012). The effect of music therapy on the level of anxiety in the patients undergoing coronary angiography. Open J Nurs., 02(03):165-9.
Buzatto LL, Zanei SS. (2010). Patients' anxiety before cardiac catheterization. Einstein (Sao Paulo), 8(4):483-7.
University of Iowa Department of Internal Medicine, (2008). Cardiac Catheterization. URL available at: http://www.uihealthcare.com
Buffum MD, Sasso C., Sands LP, Lanier E, Yellen M., & Hayes A.(2006). A music intervention to reduce anxiety before vascular angiography procedures. J Vasc Nurs., 24(3):68–73.
Brunner LS, Suddarth DS, O'Connell Smeltzer SC. (2004). textbook of medical-surgical nursing.Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Jamshidi N., Abbaszadeh A., Najafi Kaliani M., (2010). The effects of video education on comfort and tolerability of patients undergoing coronary angiography. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research, 5(16):38–44.
Seyam S, Hidarnia A, & Tavafian S. (2011). Self-care Education through Coping Style for Patients after Heart Surgery. Journal of Isfahan Medical School, 29(135).
Mousavi S., Sabzevari S., Abbaszade A., & Hosseinnakhaie F., (2011).The effect of preparatory face to face education to reduce depression and anxiety in open heart surgery adult patient in Shafa hospital in Kerman, 2008. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research.
Jamshidi N., Abaszade A.,& Najafi-Kaliani M., )2012(. Stress, anxiety and depression of patients before coronary angiography. Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 13(10):29.
Gallagher R, Trotter R, Donoghue J. (2010). Pre procedural concerns and anxiety assessment in patients undergoing coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary interventions. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 9(1):38–44.
Uzun S, Vural H, Uzun M., & Yokusoglu M. (2008).State and trait anxiety levels before coronary angiography. Journal of clinical nursing; 17(5):602–7.
Dakheel, F. I.; Smko, R. & Negrat, K. (2011). Using Data Mining Techniques for Finding Cardiac Outlier Patients. Engineering and Technology, Vol. 73, pp. 442-447.
Hamilton, M., (1959). The assessment of anxiety states by rating. BrJMed Psychol. 32:50-55.
Ali, s., (2015). Determination the level of anxiety among patients scheduled for diagnostic cardiac catheterization. Journal of Babylon University/Pure and Applied Sciences/ No.(2)/ Vol. (23).
Allender S, Scarborough P., Peto V et al., (2008). European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics. http://tinyurl.com/dkba24
Harkness K., Morrow L., Smith K., Kiczula M., & Arthur H., (2003).The effect of early education on patient anxiety while waiting for elective cardiac catheterization. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs., 2(2):113–21. 41.
Elsay, O., Elshemy, M., & HalaElsays, (2016). Effect of a Multi-Modal Preparation Package on knowledge and anxiety among Patients Undergoing cardiac Catheterization. International Journal of Nursing Didactics, 6 : 01 January.
Garvin, (2003). Effects of Gender and Preference for Information and Control on Anxiety Early after Myocardial Infarction, Nursing Research, Vol. 52 - Issue 6, pp: 386-392
Abdollahzadeh, F.,, Moghaddasian, S., Rahmani,A.,& Shahmari, M., (2014). Effect of video education on knowledge and satisfaction of patients undergoing coronary angiography * Iran J Crit Care Nurs. 7(3): 168-175.
Moradi, T., &, Hajbaghery, M., (2015). State and Trait Anxiety in Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography International Journal of Hospital Research,4(3): 123-128.
Yeganeh,A., Akbari, H.,& Ziyayi M.,. (2012). Comparison of Different Methods of Education on Reducing the Anxiety of Patients with Myocardial Infarction. Iran Journal of Nursing, 24(74):36–44.
Guo P, East L.,& Arthur A., (2012). A preoperative education intervention to reduce anxiety and improve recovery among Chinese cardiac patients: a randomized controlled trial. Int J Nurs Stud. 49(2):129–37.
Bjelland I., Krokstad S., Mykletun A., Dahl A.,Tell G. and Tambs k., (2008), Does a higher educational level protect against anxiety and depression. The HUNT study, Social Science & Medicine, Volume 66, Issue 6, pp: 1334–1345.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186