Cervical Cancer and Screening Test (PAP Test): Knowledge and Beliefs of Egyptian Women
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 175-184
Received: Jul. 30, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 10, 2016; Published: Sep. 5, 2016
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Sahar M. Yakout, Obstetric and Gynaecological Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Salma Moawed, Maternal and child health Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Essmat M. Gemeay, Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Tanta University, Cairo, Egypt
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Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women, and the seventh overall, with an estimated 528,000 new cases in 2012. In Egypt the incidence of cervical cancer is 866 per year where mortality rate is 373 per year. The current study aims to determine women’s beliefs and knowledge towards cervical cancer and Pap smear. The study was conducted at the outpatient obstetrics clinics of two hospitals namely El- Mainshawy health insurance Hospital, and El – Aiada El- Shamela at Tanta governorate. The study subjects comprised 1000 women attending the above mentioned settings two tools were used: An interview assessment sheet and the Health Believe Model (HBM). Results of the current study illustrated that Out of the 1,000 women interviewed, (68.0%) could know the definition of cervical cancer and related to a virus as its causative agent. About 95% of the women did not have an idea of the risk factors for cervical cancer, the knowledge about Pap test is quite poor, only 13.3% identify Pap smear test while 86.7% had no idea at all. In terms of the perceived benefits of Pap test, about 50.3% of the participants believed that Pap tests are the best way to detect cervical cancer, 42.9% believed that cervical cancer can be cured easily if detected early, and 62% disagree that a Pap test is important for save their health. The present study concluded that inefficient utilization of cervical cancer and its screening test would be affected by poor knowledge and negative beliefs related to cervical cancer screening in women. It was recommended that development of effective intervention programs strategies for Egyptian women and identify those women who are most at risk for cervical cancer and would benefit from intervention programs to increase cervical cancer screening rates.
Knowledge, Beliefs, HBM, Papanicolaou Smear (Pap Smear), Benefits, Perceived Risk, Cervical Cancer
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Sahar M. Yakout, Salma Moawed, Essmat M. Gemeay, Cervical Cancer and Screening Test (PAP Test): Knowledge and Beliefs of Egyptian Women, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2016, pp. 175-184. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20160505.12
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