Association of Some Socio-Dermographic Factors with Seminal Fluid Parameters in Ilorin, Nigeria: A Cross Sectional Study
Clinical Medicine Research
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 91-95
Received: Dec. 25, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 9, 2017; Published: Feb. 22, 2017
Views 2527      Downloads 42
Authors
N. Ugwueke Thaddeus, George’s Memorial Medical Centre, Lagos, Nigeria
Ibrahim Isa A., Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Health Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Eugene M. Ikeanyi, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Health Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Several factors affect seminal fluid indices, these factors impair male fertility either by exerting a gonadotoxic effect on the testicles, altering hypo-thalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, impairing ejaculation and erectile function or by decreasing libido. The Study aim to assess the effects of some adverse socio-dermographic factors on seminal parameters of infertile couples. Three hundred and nine (309) male partners of infertile couples were recruited from five different fertility centers in Ilorin, Kwara state Nigeria using multi-stage sampling technique. Those with abnormal seminal fluid indices represented the study arm while those with normal semen indices represented the control arm for the study. Seminal fluid analysis was conducted on each participant and compared with World Health Organization reference for normal semen parameters. The results showed that male partners of infertile couples with abnormal seminal fluid indices had increased pattern of risky sexual behavior, with more numbers of both current sexual partners and life-time sexual partners, in addition to history of alcohol intake and cigarette smoking. (All P < 0.05). However, no statistical significant association was obtained with the amount of alcohol use, number of cigarette smoked and the use of native medication. Risky sexual behaviours, alcohol intake and cigarette smoking still remain important risk factors for abnormal seminal fluid indices. Thus, it is important to re-educate and enlighten the populace on the risk posed by these adverse social factors.
Keywords
Alcohol, Demography, Male Infertility, Seminal Fluid Indices, Smoking
To cite this article
N. Ugwueke Thaddeus, Ibrahim Isa A., Eugene M. Ikeanyi, Association of Some Socio-Dermographic Factors with Seminal Fluid Parameters in Ilorin, Nigeria: A Cross Sectional Study, Clinical Medicine Research. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2016, pp. 91-95. doi: 10.11648/j.cmr.20160506.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Audu BM, Massa AA, Bukar M. Clinical presentation of infertility in Gombe, North Eastern Nigeria. Trop J ObstetGynaecol 2003; 20 (2): 93-96.
[2]
Etuk SJ. Reproductive health: Global infertility trend. Niger J PhysiolSci 2009; 24 (2): 85-90.
[3]
Otubu JAM: Infertility. In: Agboola A (ed). Textbook of Obstetrics and Gynaecology for medical students, 2nd edition. Name of town Heinemann Educational Books (Nig) Plc, 2006; 123-133.
[4]
Idrisa A, Ojiyi E. Pattern of infertility in North Eastern Nigeria. Trop J ObstetGynaecol 2000; 17: 27-29.
[5]
Esimai OA, Orji EO, Lasisi AR. Male contribution to infertility in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Niger J Med 2002, Apr-Jun; 11 (2): 70-72.
[6]
Chia SE, Lim ST, Tay SK. Factors associated with male infertility: a case control study of 218 infertile and 240 fertile men. Br J ObstetGynaecol 2000; 107 (1): 55-61.
[7]
Chia SE, Tay SK. Occupational risk factors for male infertility: a case-control study of 218 infertile and 227 fertile men. J Occup Environ Med 2001; 43 (11): 946-951.
[8]
Kumar R. Reproductive tract tuberculosis and male infertility. India J Urol. 2008 Jul- Sep; 24 (3): 392-395.
[9]
Ajayi AB, Ogundepo MO, Oladokun A, Marhasson-Bello IO. Asymptomatic chlamydial infection and semen quality among Nigerian men. Trop J ObstetGynaecol 2004; 21 (suppl 1): 392-395.
[10]
Nwabuisi C, Onile BA. Male infertility among STDs clinic attendees in Ilorin, Nigeria. Niger J Med 2001; 10 (2): 68-71.
[11]
Okonofua F, Omo-Aghoja LO, Menakaya U, Onemu SO, Bergstrom S. A case control study for the risk factors for male infertility in Southern Nigeria. Trop J ObstetGynaecol 2005; 22 (2): 136-14
[12]
Idrisa A, Ojiyi E, Tomfafi O, Kamara TB, Pindiga HU. Male contribution to infertility in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Trop J ObstetGynaecol, 2001; 18 (2): 87-90
[13]
Cooper et al. WHO reference values for human semen characteristics. Human Reproduction Update 2010; 16 (3): 231-245.
[14]
Araoye MO, Sample size determination. In: Araoye MO (Ed.). Research methodology with statistics for health and social sciences. Nathadex publishers Ilorin. 2003: 115-121
[15]
Obiechina NJ, Okoye RN, Emelife EC. Seminal fluid indices of men attending infertility clinic at St. Charles Borromeo Hospital Onitsha, Nigeria (1994-1998). Niger J Med 2002 Jan-Mar; 11 (1): 20-22.
[16]
Emokpae MA, Uadia PO, Sadiq NM. Contribution of bacterial infection to male infertility in Nigerians. Online J Health Allied Scs. 2009; 8 (1): 6.
[17]
Ameh AB. Varicocelectomy: A predictable treatment of male infertility. Trop J ObstetGynaecol 2004; 21 (suppl 1): S40.
[18]
Semen quality – Wikipedia; the free encyclopedia. Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/semen_quality. Accessed 4/10/12.
[19]
Hassa H, Yildirim A, Can C, Turgut M, Tanir HM, Senses T, et al. Effect of smoking on semen parameters in men attending an infertility clinic. ClinExpObstetGynaecol 2006; 33 (1): 19-22.
[20]
Collodel G, Capitani S, Pammolli A, Giannerini V, Geminiani M, Moretti E. Semen quality of male idiopathic infertile smokers and non-smokers: an ultrastructural study. J Androl 2010 Mar-Apr; 31 (2): 108-113.
[21]
Pasqualotto FF, Lucon AM, Sobreiro BP, Pasqualotto EB, Arap S. Effects of medical therapy, alcohol, smoking and endocrine disruptors on male infertility. Rev HospClin (On line) 2004; 59 (6): 375-382. Check pages.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186