A Study on Factors Related to Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy in Ngaoundere (Adamawa Region, Cameroon)
Clinical Medicine Research
Volume 5, Issue 2, March 2016, Pages: 6-12
Received: Jan. 10, 2016; Accepted: Feb. 12, 2016; Published: Apr. 26, 2016
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Authors
Olivier Pancha Mbouemboue, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon; General Medicine Service, Ngaoundere Regional Hospital, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Diallo Cellou, Gynaecology and Obstetrics Service, Ngaoundere Regional Hospital, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Marcel Tangyi Tamanji, Clinical Laboratory Service, Ngaoundere Regional Hospital, Ngaoundere, Cameroon; Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Chantal Blakga, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Armel Herve Nwabo Kamdje, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Jacques Olivier Ngoufack, General Medicine Service, Ngaoundere Regional Hospital, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Andre Youmbi, Gynaecology and Obstetrics Service, Ngaoundere Regional Hospital, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
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Abstract
Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, hypertensive disorders in pregnancy remain a major call for concern owing to their increasing incidence, gravity and associated complications. In Cameroon, the epidemiological reality of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy remains unknown in the majority of regions. Objective: This study aimed to identify the determinants of hypertensive disorders among pregnant women in a hospital milieu in Ngaoundere town. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Ngaoundere Regional Hospital, the reference hospital facility of the Adamawa Region of Cameroon from May to June 2014. Results: In total, 160 pregnant women were examined during the period of study, among which 75 recorded a high blood pressure thus fulfilling our inclusion criteria. Age (P=0.013), previous twin pregnancy (P=0.013) and preeclampsia (P=0.013) were found to be significantly predictive of chronic hypertension. Religion (P=0.004) and multiparity (P=0.001) were identified as significant independent predictive risk factors of preeclampsia, History of preeclampsia (P=0.025) was identified as predictive risk factor for superimposed preeclampsia. Conclusion: Independent predisposing factors associated with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in our milieu, which include advanced age, the notion of preeclampsia and history of twin pregnancy for chronic hypertension, parity and religion for preeclampsia, and history of preeclampsia for superimposed preeclampsia.
Keywords
Preeclampsia/Eclampsia, Hypertensive Disorders, Pregnancy, Cameroon
To cite this article
Olivier Pancha Mbouemboue, Diallo Cellou, Marcel Tangyi Tamanji, Chantal Blakga, Armel Herve Nwabo Kamdje, Jacques Olivier Ngoufack, Andre Youmbi, A Study on Factors Related to Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy in Ngaoundere (Adamawa Region, Cameroon), Clinical Medicine Research. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2016, pp. 6-12. doi: 10.11648/j.cmr.20160502.11
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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