Exploiting Machine Learning Algorithms for Predicting Crash Injury Severity in Yemen: Hospital Case Study
Applied and Computational Mathematics
Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages: 155-164
Received: Aug. 27, 2020; Accepted: Sep. 14, 2020; Published: Sep. 28, 2020
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Tariq Al-Moqri, School of Mathematics and Physics, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China; Mathematics Department, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Thamar University, Dhamar, Yemen
Xiao Haijun, School of Mathematics and Physics, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China
Jean Pierre Namahoro, School of Mathematics and Physics, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China
Eshrak Naji Alfalahi, Ministry of Public Health and Population Yemen Field Epidemiology Training Program Almaqaleh St, Sana’a, Yemen
Ibrahim Alwesabi, School of Automation, China University of Geoscience, Wuhan, China
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This study focused on exploiting machine learning algorithms for classifying and predicting injury severity of vehicle crashes in Yemen. The primary objective is to assess the contribution of the leading causes of injury severity. The selected machine learning algorithms compared with traditional statistical methods. The filtrated second data collected within two months (August-October 2015) from the two main hospitals included 156 injured patients of vehicle crashes reported from 128 locations. The data classified into three categories of injury severity: Severe, Serious, and Minor. It balanced using a synthetic minority oversampling technique (SMOTE). Multinomial logit model (MNL) compared with five machine learning classifiers: Naïve Bayes (NB), J48 Decision Tree, Random Forest (RF), Support Vector Machine (SVM), and Multilayer Perceptron (MLP). The results showed that most of machine learning-based algorithms performed well in predicting and classifying the severity of the traffic injury. Out of five classifiers, RF is the best classifier with 94.84% of accuracy. The characteristics of road type, total injured person, crash type, road user, transport way to the emergency department (ED), and accident action were the most critical factors in the severity of the traffic injury. Enhancing strategies for using roadway facilities may improve the safety of road users and regulations.
Crash Injury Severity, Machine Learning, Traditional Statistical Methods, SMOTE, WEKA
To cite this article
Tariq Al-Moqri, Xiao Haijun, Jean Pierre Namahoro, Eshrak Naji Alfalahi, Ibrahim Alwesabi, Exploiting Machine Learning Algorithms for Predicting Crash Injury Severity in Yemen: Hospital Case Study, Applied and Computational Mathematics. Vol. 9, No. 5, 2020, pp. 155-164. doi: 10.11648/j.acm.20200905.12
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