A Microwave Scattering Model for Simulating the C-Band SAR Backscatter of Wheat Canopy
American Journal of Remote Sensing
Volume 7, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 13-24
Received: Jul. 11, 2019;
Accepted: Jul. 31, 2019;
Published: Sep. 20, 2019
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Wenjia Yan, Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science (Ministry of Education), East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
Yuan Zhang, Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science (Ministry of Education), East China Normal University, Shanghai, China; Institute of Eco-Chongming, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
Tianpeng Yang, Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science (Ministry of Education), East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
Xiaohui Liu, Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, China
Accurate simulation of microwave scattering characteristics of wheat canopy can provide valuable insights into the scattering mechanisms of wheat crops. In this study, a wheat canopy scattering model (WCSM) was developed on a basis of first-order microwave radiative transfer equation. Several WCSM inputs, including wheat canopy and soil parameters, were measured in situ at the time (or near the time) of the satellite observation. The backscattering coefficients of wheat fields were then simulated at various incident angles and polarization modes. Four C-band quad-polarized (Radarsat-2 and Gaofen-3) SAR data were used to evaluate the WCSM performance in four key growth stages of winter wheat from stem elongation to ripening in 2017. Results showed that the WCSM simulated backscattering coefficients of wheat fields with error lower than 1.8 dB. This study demonstrates that the proposed WCSM is effective in characterizing the C-band backscatter features of wheat crops for various growth phases. It also indicated that the operational potential of C-band satellite SAR systems such as the Radarsat-2 and the China Gaofen-3 SAR in monitoring wheat growth for food safety in important agricultural regions.
A Microwave Scattering Model for Simulating the C-Band SAR Backscatter of Wheat Canopy, American Journal of Remote Sensing.
Vol. 7, No. 1,
2019, pp. 13-24.
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