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Spatial Enhancement of DEM Using Interpolation Methods: A Case Study of Kuwait’s Coastal Zones
American Journal of Remote Sensing
Volume 7, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 5-12
Received: Aug. 7, 2019; Accepted: Sep. 4, 2019; Published: Sep. 19, 2019
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Nawaf Al-Mutairi, Environmental Sciences Department, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, New Damietta, Egypt
Mohammad Alsahli, Department of Geography, Social Sciences College, Kuwait University, Shuwaikh, Kuwait
Mahmoud Ibrahim, Environmental Sciences Department, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, New Damietta, Egypt
Rasha Abou Samra, Environmental Sciences Department, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, New Damietta, Egypt
Maie El-Gammal, Environmental Sciences Department, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, New Damietta, Egypt
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Digital elevation models (DEMs) are essential tools utilized in several branches of science, including environmental, geological, and geospatial studies. Unfortunately, high-accuracy DEM data such as LiDAR are not publicly available, and the coverage is limited. Therefore, the use of alternative methods, such as interpolation techniques (i.e., kriging, inverse distance weighting, radial basis functions), is greatly advantageous for the production of enhanced DEMs. The results of this study show that interpolated DEMs had minimal errors (RMSE = 1.44) with an increase of about 28% from the original DEM. However, the spatial resolution of interpolated DEM data was enhanced significantly by 83%. The deterministic interpolation methods provided more accurate estimations for producing DEMs in the coastal zones of Kuwait than geostatistical interpolation methods. The reference elevation data were collected using GPS and accurate topographic maps (1:25,000), and elevation points from the interpolated DEM were matched significantly (R2 = 0.88; R2 = 94, respectively). Given the lack of accurate DEM data, the interpolated DEM produced in this study are held in high regard and highly recommended for use in the coastal zone of Kuwait.
Digital Elevation Model, Sea Level Rise, Coastal Zone, Interpolation, GIS
To cite this article
Nawaf Al-Mutairi, Mohammad Alsahli, Mahmoud Ibrahim, Rasha Abou Samra, Maie El-Gammal, Spatial Enhancement of DEM Using Interpolation Methods: A Case Study of Kuwait’s Coastal Zones, American Journal of Remote Sensing. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 5-12. doi: 10.11648/j.ajrs.20190701.12
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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