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Dynamics of Land use Around the Micro-Dam Anti-Salt in the Sub-Watershed of Agnack Lower Casamance (Senegal)
American Journal of Remote Sensing
Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2015, Pages: 29-36
Received: Mar. 9, 2015; Accepted: May 6, 2015; Published: May 15, 2015
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Authors
Hyacinthe Sambou, Institute of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, University Cheikh Anta Diop., Dakar-Fann, Senegal; Teaching Laboratory and Research in Geomatics, Campus of Polytechnic High School of Dakar, Cheikh Anta Diop., Dakar-Fann, Senegal
Bienvenu Sambou, Institute of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, University Cheikh Anta Diop., Dakar-Fann, Senegal
Ramatoulaye Mbengue, Teaching Laboratory and Research in Geomatics, Campus of Polytechnic High School of Dakar, Cheikh Anta Diop., Dakar-Fann, Senegal; Department of Geography, Faculty of letters and Social Sciences, University Cheikh Anta Diop., Dakar-Fann, Senegal
Mamadou Sadio, Teaching Laboratory and Research in Geomatics, Campus of Polytechnic High School of Dakar, Cheikh Anta Diop., Dakar-Fann, Senegal; Department of Geography, Faculty of letters and Social Sciences, University Cheikh Anta Diop., Dakar-Fann, Senegal
Pierre Corneille Sambou, Teaching Laboratory and Research in Geomatics, Campus of Polytechnic High School of Dakar, Cheikh Anta Diop., Dakar-Fann, Senegal; Department of Geography, Faculty of letters and Social Sciences, University Cheikh Anta Diop., Dakar-Fann, Senegal
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Abstract
Agriculture, mainly based on rain, is one the most important economic activities in Lower Casamance region. Its agricultural production is vulnerable to climatic variability. The water management has become an important issue for rural populations food security. This research aims at the characterization of environmental evolution and agricultural production, around the anti-salt micro-dams in Lower Casamance area, which has a high rainfall and a rich potential of water resources. This study examines the hydro-agricultural planning issues in Lower Casamance and aims at the analysis of the land use change and its evolution in the Agnack sub-basin around anti- salt micro-dam between 1984 and 2010. Based on the importance of rice production area around micro-dams, the analysis focus on eight sites. Using satellite imagery Landsat TM of 1984 and 1992 and ETM of 2000 and 2010 combined with ground, socio-economic survey and soil analysis data, this research investigates land use change through image classifications, change detection and landscape pattern analysis. We conducted a mapping of the rice paddies to determine the evolution of riceland during these dates. Through a pseudo-supervised classification coupled with field data, we characterized the different types of land use and cover. Results of land use/cover change analysis showed a decrease of riceland area; while there is a relative vegetation regeneration between 1984 and 2010. The soil analysis showed a deterioration in soil quality which is showed by a very high acidity in all sites and a soil salinity of riceland in the upstream developed valleys. Socio-economic surveys showed the importance of the micro-dams. In the term, the micro-dam did not achieve the expected results. It could not solve the problem of degraded soil desalination and intensification of rice growing.
Keywords
Lower Casamance, Land Use, Remote Sensing, Satellite Imagery, Mapping, Anti-Salt Micro-Dams, Rice Growing
To cite this article
Hyacinthe Sambou, Bienvenu Sambou, Ramatoulaye Mbengue, Mamadou Sadio, Pierre Corneille Sambou, Dynamics of Land use Around the Micro-Dam Anti-Salt in the Sub-Watershed of Agnack Lower Casamance (Senegal), American Journal of Remote Sensing. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 29-36. doi: 10.11648/j.ajrs.20150302.12
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