Effect of Sulfur on the Structure and Physical Properties of Vanadium-Iron-Lithium-Silicate Glass and Glass-Ceramics Nano Composite
Advances in Materials
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 51-56
Received: Sep. 7, 2016; Accepted: Sep. 21, 2016; Published: Oct. 11, 2016
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Authors
M. Y. Hassaan, Phys. Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
H. H. El-Bahnasawy, Phys. Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
S. M. Salem, Phys. Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
T. Z. Amer, Phys. Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, (Girls Branch) Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
M. G. Moustafa, Phys. Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
A. G. Mostafa, Phys. Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
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Abstract
Glass sample with the composition 1 Li2O • 0.25 Fe2O3• 0.25 V2O5• 1.5 SiO2 has been studied for the usage as a cathode material in solid batteries. Another sample with the previous composition in addition to 5wt. % sulfur as reduced agent to yelled multi-valance Fe and V ions was also studied. Both sulfur-free and sulfur-doped glass samples were subjected to heat treatment for one hour at 550°C to obtain two glass–ceramic samples. Structural studies were made using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Mössbauer effect (ME) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The precipitation of various phases in heat treated glass samples with particle size in the nano-range was observed in X-ray pattern. Mössbauer spectra indicated that iron exist as a ferric ions occupy two non-equivalent tetrahedral sites in the sulfur-free samples, while ferrous ions in octahedral site in addition to the previous two ferric phases was appeared in sulfur-doped samples. Differential thermal analysis (DTA) was also carried out to monitor the crystallization temperature and the thermal stability of the obtained glasses. DC electrical conductivity measurements exhibit an enhancement of the conductivity of sulfur-doped glass sample compared with sulfur-free which make it more suitable to use as cathode in the solid batteries.
Keywords
Lithium-Silicate Glasses, Glass-Ceramics, Sulfur Doped Glasses, Solid Batteries, Glass Cathode, Mössbauer Spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction, Fourier-Transform Infrared, DC Electrical Conductivity
To cite this article
M. Y. Hassaan, H. H. El-Bahnasawy, S. M. Salem, T. Z. Amer, M. G. Moustafa, A. G. Mostafa, Effect of Sulfur on the Structure and Physical Properties of Vanadium-Iron-Lithium-Silicate Glass and Glass-Ceramics Nano Composite, Advances in Materials. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2016, pp. 51-56. doi: 10.11648/j.am.20160505.14
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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