Fabrication and Characterization of Piezoelectric Ceramic Fiber/Aluminum Alloy Composites
Advances in Materials
Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2014, Pages: 22-26
Received: Sep. 11, 2014; Accepted: Sep. 24, 2014; Published: Sep. 30, 2014
Views 2846      Downloads 258
Authors
Tetsuro Yanaseko, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
Hiroshi Asanuma, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
Hiroshi Sato, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Japan
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This paper describes the fabrication and characterization of a piezoelectric ceramic fiber/aluminum alloy composite using the Interphase Forming/Bonding (IF/B) method. A metal-core piezoelectric ceramic fiber is very fragile and reacts with molten aluminum; therefore, general fabrication processes such as diffusion bonding and casting are difficult to apply. In this study, hot pressing conditions were examined in order to embed a metal-core piezoelectric ceramic fiber, without mechanical damage and loss of piezoelectricity, in an aluminum alloy matrix instead of the pure aluminum matrix used in previous studies. As the results, the proper hot pressing conditions, that is, pressure and temperature of 2.2 MPa and 873 K, respectively, enable the removal of the coarse and fragile eutectic alloy phase from the composite. In addition, the output voltage characteristics of the piezoelectric ceramic fiber/aluminum composite were evaluated by impact testing. The results show that the output voltage generated from the composite is proportional to the square root of impact energy.
Keywords
Smart Material, Piezo-Element, Sensor, Aluminum Alloy, Composite Material
To cite this article
Tetsuro Yanaseko, Hiroshi Asanuma, Hiroshi Sato, Fabrication and Characterization of Piezoelectric Ceramic Fiber/Aluminum Alloy Composites, Advances in Materials. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2014, pp. 22-26. doi: 10.11648/j.am.20140304.11
References
[1]
K. Mehta and A. V. Virkar, “Fracture Mechanisms in Ferroelectric-Ferroelastic Lead Zirconate Titanate (Zr: Ti=0.54:0.46) Ceramics,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 73, Issue 3 (1990), pp 567–574.
[2]
S. J. Yoon, J. H. Moon and H. J. Kim, “Piezoelectric and mechanical properties of Pb(Zr0.52, Ti0.48)O3Pb(Y2/3, W1/3)O3(PZT–PYW) ceramics,” Journal of Materials Sci ence, Vol. 32, Issue 3 (1997), pp 779-782.J. Clerk Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, 3rd ed., vol. 2. Oxford: Clarendon, 1892, pp.68–73.
[3]
H. Sato, Y. Shimojo, and T. Sekiya, “Lead zirconate titanate fiber, smart board using lead zirconate titanate fiber, actuator utilizing smart board, and sensor utilizing smart board,” US patent, US6963157 B2 (2005).
[4]
J. Qiu, J. Tani, N. Yamada, and H. Takahashi, “Fabrication of piezoelectric fibers with metal core,” Proceedings of. SPIE, Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics (2003), Paper No. 5053.
[5]
H. Sato, T. Sekiya and M. Nagamine, “Design of the metal-core piezoelectric fiber,” Proceedings of SPIE, Smart Structures and Materials 2004: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems (2004), Paper No. 5390.
[6]
H. Sato and M. Nagamine, “Mechanical properties of metal-core piezoelectric fiber,” Proceedings of SPIE, Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems (2005), Paper No. 5764.
[7]
H. Asanuma, “Development of metal-based smart composites,” JOM, Vol. 52, No. 10 (2000), pp. 21-25.
[8]
H. Asanuma, N. Takeda, T. Chiba and H. Sato, “Fabrication of metal core piezoelectric fiber/aluminum composite material,” Nippon Kikai Gakkai (The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers), Collection of papers of 14th Mechanical material and material processing technology lecture meeting (2006), pp. 21-22.
[9]
H. Asanuma and H. Sato, “Functional composite material equipped with embedded piezoelectric fiber with metal core,” Chiba University, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japanese Patent No. 4719897.
[10]
D. Askari, R. Ruth, H. Asanuma and M. N. Gasemi-Nejhad, “A comparative study on macrofiber composites and active fiber composites with metal-core piezoelectric actuators/sensors,” Proceedings of SPIE, Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics (2006), Paper No. 6170.
[11]
H. Asanuma, J. Kunikata and M. Kibe, “Development of multifunctional structural material systems by innovative design and processing,” Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings,Vol. 1129 (2009), pp. 251-262.
[12]
M. Richeson, U. Erturun, R. Waxman, K. Mossi, J. Kunikata and H. Asanuma, “Characterization of a Pt-core PZT fiber/Al matrix composite”, Proceedings of SPIE, Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2010 (2010), Paper No. 7644.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186