Evaluation of Adsorption Capacity of Methylene Blue in Aqueous Medium by Two Adsorbents: The Raw Hull of Lophira Lanceolata and Its Activated Carbon
American Journal of Physical Chemistry
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 76-87
Received: Sep. 20, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 30, 2017; Published: Nov. 10, 2017
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Authors
Elie Sogbochi, Laboratory of Study and Research in Applied Chemistry (LERCA), Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Republic of Benin
Clément Kolawolé Balogoun, Laboratory of Study and Research in Applied Chemistry (LERCA), Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Republic of Benin; National Water Company of Benin, Cotonou, Republic of Bénin
Cocou Pascal Agbangnan Dossa, Laboratory of Study and Research in Applied Chemistry (LERCA), Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Republic of Benin
Dominique Codjo Koko Sohounhloue, Laboratory of Study and Research in Applied Chemistry (LERCA), Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Republic of Benin
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Abstract
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the adsorption capacity of two adsorbents from the lignocellulosic residues of Lophira Lanceolata. The raw hull of Lophira Lanceolata and its activated carbon produced by chemical activation with orthophosphoric acid (H3PO4) at 50% (Vacid/Vwater) of the said hull. The ratio of impregnation to orthophosphoric acid used is 4.5. Activation and carbonization were carried out at 400°C. The physicochemical properties of the prepared activated carbon were determined and methylene blue adsorption tests were performed. On the basis of the results obtained, the iodine test revealed that the activated carbon produced had a microporosity of 646.81 mg/g, a density of 0.3156, a moisture content of less than 15% and ash content equal to 2%. Regarding the adsorption, results showed that methylene blue (100 ppm) adsorbed more easily on the activated carbon produced than on the crude residues with respective contact time of 10 minutes and 40 minutes. The removal rate was of the order of 100% for the activated carbon and of 83.56% for the raw hulls. Furthermore, an influence of the mass of the support, of the initial concentration and of the pH on the kinetics and on the adsorption capacity was observed. Kinetics obeyed to the pseudo-second order model; the diffusion was intra-particular and the Freundlich and Langmuir models satisfactorily described the adsorption of methylene blue respectively on the crude residues and on the produced activated carbon.
Keywords
Adsorption, Activated Carbon, Lophira Lanceolata, Methylene Blue, Microporosity
To cite this article
Elie Sogbochi, Clément Kolawolé Balogoun, Cocou Pascal Agbangnan Dossa, Dominique Codjo Koko Sohounhloue, Evaluation of Adsorption Capacity of Methylene Blue in Aqueous Medium by Two Adsorbents: The Raw Hull of Lophira Lanceolata and Its Activated Carbon, American Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2017, pp. 76-87. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpc.20170605.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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