Characteristics of Polymer Concrete from Pumice Stone and Rubber Thread Waste with Polyurethane as Natural Bonding
American Journal of Physical Chemistry
Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2016, Pages: 26-34
Received: Mar. 1, 2016;
Accepted: Mar. 15, 2016;
Published: Mar. 29, 2016
Views 4691 Downloads 123
Fauzi , Department of Physics, North Sumatera University, Medan, Indonesia
Tamrin , Department of Chemistry, North Sumatera University, Medan, Indonesia
Anwar Dharma Sembiring, Department of Physics, North Sumatera University, Medan, Indonesia
Ridwan Abdullah Sani, Department of Physics, State University of Medan, Medan, Indonesia
Follow on us
In this study, the aggregate of polymer concrete is made using pumice stone, sand, solid waste rubber thread, and polyurethane as a binder. Variation of composition of sand and pumice are (1: 1) or (50 g: 50 g); solid waste rubber thread are (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10)% of the total weight of sand and pumic; while composition variations of polyurethane are (10, 15, 20)% of the total weight of sand and pumice. The measured parameters of samples are density, water absorption, porosity, compressive strength, impact strength, flexural strength, microstructure analysis using Scanning Electron microscope (SEM), XRD analysis and sound absorption coefficient. Based on this research, it is showed that the optimum conditions of fabricated polymer concrete characteristics are with density of 1.67 g/cm3, water absorption of 13.25%, porosity of 19.85%, the compressive strength is 8.59 MPa, impact strength of 5.2 kJ, and flexural strength of 50.33 MPa). The sound absorption coefficient of the best sample is 0.196. This polymer concrete is lighter than conventional concrete and has better strength and sound absorption coefficient.
Polymer Concrete, Polyurethane, Pumice Stone, Solid Waste Rubber Thread, Sound Absorption Coefficient
To cite this article
Anwar Dharma Sembiring,
Ridwan Abdullah Sani,
Characteristics of Polymer Concrete from Pumice Stone and Rubber Thread Waste with Polyurethane as Natural Bonding, American Journal of Physical Chemistry.
Vol. 5, No. 2,
2016, pp. 26-34.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
A. Balaga and J. J. Beaudoin, Polymer Modified concrete, Canadian Building Digest 241, October 1985.
M. Golestaneh, G. Amini, G. D. Najsfpour and M. A. Beygi. Evalution of mechanical strength of epoxy polymer concrete with silica powder as filler, World Applied Science Journal, vol 9. (2). 216-220, 2010.
J. P. Gormiski, D. C. Dal Molin and C. S. Kazmierezak. Study of the modulus of elasticity of polymer concrete compounds and comparative assessment of polymer concrete and portland cement concrete, Cement and Concrete Composite Research, vol 34 (11), 2091-2095, 2004.
M. E. Tawfik and S. B. Eskandar. Polymer concrete from marble wastes and recycled poly ethylene teraphthalate, Journal of Elatomers and Plastics, vol 38. (1), 65-79, 2006.
E. Hady, Studi Struktur mikro pengikatan resin epoksi pada beton, Jurnal Penelitian Engineering vol. 12, 2009.
F. P. Torgal, Y. Ding, S. Jalali, Properties and durability of concrete containing polymeric waste (Tyre rubber and polyethylene terephthalate bottles). Construction in Building Materials, vol 30, pp. 714-724. 2012.
Ki Sang Son, Strength deformability of waste tyre rubber filled reinforced concrete columns, Construction and Building Materials, vol 25. 218-226, 2011.
J. T. San-Jose, Mechanical properties in rexin polyester concrete, application to reinforced beams, Science and Engineering of Composite Material, vol 13. (4), 271-282, 2006.
Gomez, Jiminez, Interpetring polymer networds based on Ctor oil polyurethane celluase derivatives and polycrycid, Latin American Applied Research, vol. 39, 131- 136, 2009.
E. Yassar, Strength and thermal conductivity in light weight building materials, Bull Eng. Geol. Environ, vol. 67. 513-519, 2008.
I. Styarno, Light weight styrofoam concrete for higher more ductile wall. Universitas of Gajah Mada, 2005.
O. Sipirex, Autoclaved concrete block, RT Environmental Declaration, vol 1 (2) 3.23, 2000.
L. H. Sperling and L. A. Utracki. Advances in Polymer Chemistry, Whasington DC, pp 231, 1994.
E. Rommel, Pengaruh penambahan resin polymer terhadap perbaikan karekteristik beton dengan aggregat batu, http://diglib.gunadarma.ac.id, 1999.
Y. Emilia, Pengaruh penambahan polimer jenis polyethilene terhadap tekanan beton, Politeknik Sriwijaya Palembang, 2008.
C. Pelong, Physical and zology binders anti aging agents, Jurnal Fuel 97, 2012.
Bilmayer, Text Book of Polymer Third edition, New York, John Willey and Son, 1994, pp. 242.
P. Sebayang, Sintesa dan perekayasaan beton polimer untuk enkapsulasi limbah padat tanpa menggunakan semen, Seminar Nasional Fundenmental, Teknik Kimia, Surabaya. 2008.
A. Balaga and J. J. Beaudoin. Polymer Concrete, Canadian Building. 2005.
ISO 11654: Alan Truesdale Absorption Coeficients.
ASTM C 384: Impedance Absorption of Acustical Materials by Impedance Tube Method.