International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 103-108
Received: Oct. 11, 2019;
Accepted: Oct. 22, 2019;
Published: Nov. 4, 2019
Views 21 Downloads 19
Semih Taskaya, Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey
Bilgin Zengin, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Munzur University, Tunceli, Turkey
Kursat Kaymaz, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Munzur University, Tunceli, Turkey
Muzaffer Askin, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Munzur University, Tunceli, Turkey
The basic logic in the finite element method is to simplify and solve a complex problem. In this method, the solution region is divided into a plurality of simple, small, connected, sub-regions called finite elements. In other words, the problem which is divided into parts connected by a plurality of joint points can be easily solved. St 37 and St 70 steels are materials used in the manufacturing of general building materials, produced by processing the hot-formed steel further through a cold drawing process. Ansys; is a computer aided engineering program where analysis and simulations can be performed in computer aided engineering studies. It enables effective studies in different disciplines such as mechanics, structural analysis, computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer. The finite element method, which enables the solution of complex engineering problems with controllable parts by simplifying, is a common and useful solution method used in many engineering applications. St and St 70 steels are modeled as three-dimensional I-beams 3 mm in thickness in Ansys program package in accordance with the finite element method. Finite element method helps simplifying complex engineering problems and solving them with controllable parts. Elastic stress analyses were performed in X, Y, Z axes by stabilizing the right and left supports of steel beams and applying a pressure of 100 MPa on the top flanges. It was observed in Ansys simulation analyses that elastic stress effect was higher in St 37 steel compared to St 70 steel.
Elastic Stress Analysis of St 37 and St 70 Steels with Finite Element Method, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Special Issue: Materials Science and Engineering Model Designs.
Vol. 8, No. 6,
2019, pp. 103-108.
Bebon International co., ltd., http://www.steel-plate-sheet.com/Steel-plate/DIN/St372.html. (30 May 2019).
Join- Win Steel, http://www.steel-jw.com/DINEN/ST702-structure-steel-with-competitive-price.html. (30 May 2019).
Simscale, https://www.simscale.com/blog/2016/10/what-is-finite-element-method/. (29 May 2019).
ABAQUS Inc., Abaqus. (6. 13)., (2013). Finite Element Analysis Pawtucket. Computer-aided engineering, USA.
A. D. Martins, PB. Dinis, D. Camotim and P. Providencia, “On the relevance of local-distortional interaction effects in the behavior and design of cold-formed steel columns”, In: Structural stability research council annual stability conference, Structural Stability Research Council (SSRC); Toronto, On, Canada, 2014, pp. 402-45.
P. B. Dinis, B. Young and D. Camotim, “Local-distortional interaction in cold-formed steel rack-section columns,” Thin-Wall Struct, 2014, 81, pp. 185-194.
CH. Pham and GJ. Hancock, “Numerical simulation of high strength cold-formed purlins in combined bending and shear,” Research report, University of Sydney, Department of Civil Engineering, 2009, 904, pp. 1-53.
DCY. Yap and GJ. Hancock, “Post-buckling in the distortional mode and buckling mode interaction of cold-formed thin-walled sections with edge stiffeners,” In: 18th International specialty conference on cold-formed steel structures, recent research and developments in cold-formed steel design and construction, United states: University of Missouri-Rolla; Orlando, FL, 2006, pp. 71-88.
M. Abambres, D. Camotim, N. Silvestre and K. J. R. Rasmussen, “GBT-based structural analysis of elastic-plastic thin-walled members,” Comput Struct, 2014, 136, pp. 1-23.
L. Gardner and D. Nethercot, “Numerical modeling of stainless steel structural components-a consistent approach,” J. Struct. Eng., 2004, 130, pp. 1586-1601.
M. Jandera, L. Gardner and J. Machacek, “Residual stresses in cold-rolled stainless steel hollow sections,” J. Constr. Steel Res., 2008, 64, pp. 1255-1263.
H. T. Nguyen and S. E. Kim, “Finite element modeling of push-out tests for large stud shear connectors,” J Constr Steel Res., 2009, 65, (10-11) pp. 1909-1920.
M. Pavlović, Z. Marković, M. Veljković and D. Buđevac, “Bolted shear connectors vs. headed studs behaviour in push-out tests,” J. Constr Steel Res., 2013, 88, pp. 134-149.
U. Katwal, Z. Tao, and M. K. Hassan, “Finite element modelling of steel-concrete composite beams with profiled steel sheetingi,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 2018, 146, pp. 1-15.
S. Taşkaya, B., Zengin and K. Kaymaz, “Investigation of force and moment effect of St 37 and St 70 roof lattice steels in Ansys program,” Middle East Journal Of Science, 2018, 4 (1), pp. 23-35.
A. Polat, Y., Kaya and T. Ş. Özşahin, “Fonksiyonel derecelendirilmiş tabakada sürekli temas probleminin sonlu elemanlar yöntemi ile analizi,” 20. Ulusal Mekanik Kongresi. Uludağ Üniversitesi, Bursa, 2017, pp. 332-341.
A. Polat, Y. Kaya and T. Ş. Özşahin, “Elastik yarı sonsuz düzlem üzerine oturan ağırlıklı tabakanın sonlu elemanlar yöntemi kullanılarak sürtünmesiz temas problemi analizi,” Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 2018, 6, pp. 357-368.
A. K. Gür, S. Taşkaya, N. Katı, and T. Yıldız, “3D Kafes çatı modelinin Ansys yöntemiyle mekanik gerilmelerinin incelenmesi,” 2nd International Conference on Material Science and Technology in Cappadocia (IMSTEC’17), Nevşehir, 2017, pp. 11-15.
S. Taşkaya, “Investigation of mechanical and elastic stresses in Ansys program by finite elements method of 3D lattice roof model,” Mugla Journal of Science and Technology, 2018, 4 (1), pp. 27-36.
A. K. Gür, S. Taşkaya, N. Katı, and T. Yıldız, “Investigation of stress analysis in sandwich composite plates by Ansys method,” 8th International Advanced Technologies Symposium (IATS’17), Elazig, 2017, pp. 495-509.
K. Kaymaz, B. Zengin, M. Aşkın and S. Taşkaya, “Sandviç Kompozit Tabakalarında Mekanik Gerilmelerin Basınca Bağlı Olarak Ansys Yazılımı İle İncelenmesi,” Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, CMES sempozyum ek sayısı, 2018, pp. 79-93.
S. Taskaya and S. Taskaya, “Investigation of Static Structure Effect According to Axial Coordinates by Using Finite Element Method in Ansys Workbench Software of AISI 310 Austenitic Stainless Cylindrical Model Steel,” International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Science, 2018, 1 (11), pp. 65-70.
S. Taşkaya and S. Taşkaya, “St 52 Çelik Model Hacminin Ansys Yazılımında Eksenel Koordinatlara Göre Kuvvet Ve Basınç İlişkisinin İncelenmesi,” I. Uluslararası Battalgazi Multidisipliner Çalışmalar Kongresi-Malatya/Türkiye, 2018, Cilt- I, pp. 81-93.
S. Taşkaya and S. Taşkaya, “Musluk Model Hacminin İçinden Geçen Akışkanın Ansys Yazılımında Global Koordinatlara Göre Dağılımınının Simülasyonu,” I. Uluslararası Battalgazi Multidisipliner Çalışmalar Kongresi-Malatya/Türkiye, 2018, Cilt-I, pp. 114-125.
S. Taşkaya, “Investigation of mechanical stresses dependent on press in St 37 steel Ansys program,” The Journal of International Manufacturing and Production Technologies, 2017, 1 (1), pp. 39-46.
China steel, http://www.steelgr.com/Steel-Grades/Carbon-Steel/st70-2.html. (30 May 2019).