Characterization of the Palmyra Petiole as a Biovegetal Material of Artisanal Construction in Chad
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 8, Issue 5, September 2019, Pages: 90-97
Received: Aug. 14, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 9, 2019; Published: Oct. 23, 2019
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Authors
Ngargueudedjim Kimtangar, Laboratory of Study and Research in Industrial Techniques (LERTI), University of N'Djamena, N'Djamena, Chad
Djidengar Lazare, Laboratory of Study and Research in Industrial Techniques (LERTI), University of N'Djamena, N'Djamena, Chad; Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
Deudjonbe Baruc, Laboratory of Study and Research in Industrial Techniques (LERTI), University of N'Djamena, N'Djamena, Chad; Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
Beda Tibi, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
Nzie Wolfgang, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
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Abstract
The palmyra is a wood particularly famous for its resistance to xylophages and various bad weather. But the determining factors of this resistance are unknown. This base material is available in the form of lignocellulosic waste generated in large quantities, following its grooming, maintenance and felling. This lignocellulosic waste is not valued in Chad. Its petiole is the biovegetal material widely used in Chad for the artisanal manufacture of furniture and other works. The present study concerns the determination of its physical, chemical and mechanical characteristics. We used chemical analyzes, physical tests and mechanical tests in three-point flexion, intension and in compression. Its contents in cellulose, lignin and Hemicellulose obtained justify its resistance to physical and chemical degradation and its attack by termites. The values of its mechanical characteristics obtained place it between the category D50 and D60 of hardwoods. Those of its physical properties place it among the light woods. This study, the first on the knowledge of the scientific and technical properties of the palmyra of Chad, opens perspectives on a new field of study on the behaviour of this abundant natural raw material with a view to its valorisation and its rational use in various fields, such as pulp and building construction and public works.
Keywords
Petiole, Palmyra, Wood, Physical Characteristics, Chemical Characteristics, Mechanical Characteristics
To cite this article
Ngargueudedjim Kimtangar, Djidengar Lazare, Deudjonbe Baruc, Beda Tibi, Nzie Wolfgang, Characterization of the Palmyra Petiole as a Biovegetal Material of Artisanal Construction in Chad, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2019, pp. 90-97. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20190805.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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