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Charge-Mass Equivalence leading to Ilectron from the Electron
American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages: 60-67
Received: Aug. 15, 2020; Accepted: Aug. 27, 2020; Published: Sep. 14, 2020
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D. V. Giri, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA
Ian Leonard Gallon, Retired, Bridport, Dorset, UK
Carl Edward Baum, Formerly at Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA
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Hydrogen atom was considered as the smallest “bit of matter” until the electron was discovered. Nearly all attributes of the electron have been experimentally measured except for its radius. Electron’s radius has been derived in classical mechanics. The angular momentum of the electron has been understood as a purely quantum mechanical effect. In this paper, we have established an equivalence between the charge and mass of a fundamental particle. This leads to a definition of a complex charge or a complex mass, which combine both charge and mass. Every fundamental particle with charge and mass can be defined by a single complex charge. Interaction of two complex charges leads to the familiar Coulomb and Gravitational forces. It also points out the possibility of a 5th force of nature. By writing the charge and mass of the electron as mass and charge, we come up with a new particle which we have called the ilectron. Some attributes of the ilectron have been derived in this paper and its relation to Planck’s mass and charge are explored. This is a comprehensive paper that has been adapted from material we published in [1-3] for disseminating this information in the Physics community.
Electron, Ilectron, Complex Mass, Complex Charge, WIMP
To cite this article
D. V. Giri, Ian Leonard Gallon, Carl Edward Baum, Charge-Mass Equivalence leading to Ilectron from the Electron, American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 9, No. 4, 2020, pp. 60-67. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20200904.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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