The Effect of Super-Radiance on the C-A Transition of the Excimer Molecule XeCl* at 352 nm Excited Only by 235U Fission Fragments
American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 14-17
Received: Apr. 8, 2019;
Accepted: May 30, 2019;
Published: Jul. 11, 2019
Views 132 Downloads 38
Aleksey Iustinovich Mis’kevich, Department of Laser Physics, National Research Nuclear University MEPHI, Moscow, Russia
Jin Bo Guo, School of Physical Science and Technology, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin, PR of China
Yurii Alekseevich Duyzhov, Department of Cosmic Energy System, Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk, Russia
Anton Viktorovich Podkopaev, Department of Cosmic Energy System, Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk, Russia
The work is devoted to the study of spectral, temporal and generation characteristics of plasma generated in dense gas mixtures by the products of neutron nuclear reaction 235U(n, f). This plasma differs in its properties from the discharge plasma, as has the track structure and low temperature of electrons, and the presence in gas mixtures of electronegative gas can become without electrons. On the basis of such nuclear-excited plasma excimer gas lasers with the nuclear pumping, carrying out direct transformation of nuclear energy to the laser radiation UV range of lengths of waves, can be created. We found out high efficiency of formation of excimer molecules of XeCl* in dense (~ 760 Торр) Ar - Xe - CCl 4 of gas mixture with low (~ 1015 mol/cм3) concentration of CCl4 at the nuclear pumping. Here we report the first clear observation of super-radiance at 352 nm on C-A transition of excimer molecule XeCl* excited solely by nuclear pumping Ar-Xe-CCl4 gas mixture at a pressure of 760 Torr with a low concentration of CCl4 (0.15Torr). The mixture was excited by products of neutron nuclear reaction 235U(n,f) pumped at a rate of 2kW/cm3. A laser cell with a length of 100cm was placed inside an optical resonator tuned at 352 nm. Super-radiance had a very sharp increase and low neutron threshold (about 2÷4.1014 neutron/cm2. s) when we used the tuning resonator at 352 nm wavelength with 10.8% reflection of output and 62.1% reflection of back spherical mirrors, and super-radiance disappeared if the laser output mirror was replaced by a quartz window.
Aleksey Iustinovich Mis’kevich,
Jin Bo Guo,
Yurii Alekseevich Duyzhov,
Anton Viktorovich Podkopaev,
The Effect of Super-Radiance on the C-A Transition of the Excimer Molecule XeCl* at 352 nm Excited Only by 235U Fission Fragments, American Journal of Modern Physics.
Vol. 8, No. 2,
2019, pp. 14-17.
Miley GH, Nagalingam SJS, Boody FP and Prelas MA, (1978). Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. 30, 26.
Nagalingam SJS, Boody FP and Miley GH, (1979). Proc. of Intern. Conf. on Lasers’79, 229.
Hays GN, McArthur DA, Neal DR and Rice JK, (1986). Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 363.
McArthur DA, Hays GN, Alford WJ, Neal DR, Bodette DE and Rice JK, (1988). Laser Interaction and Related Plasma Phenomenon. Ed. by H. Hora, G. H. Miley 8, 75.
Rice JK, Hays GN, Neal DR, McArthur DA and Alford WJ, (1986). Proc. Int. Conf. LASERS’86, 571.
Bochkov AV, Kryzhanovsky VA, Lyubimov OA, Magda EP Transaction of Special Conf. on NPL’94, Arzamas-16, (1994), 114.
Mishchenko AB, Krynetskii BB, Prokhorov AM, Sapsai BP, Stepanov VV and Zhidkov AG, (1992). Laser Physics 2, 19.
Moratz TJ, Saunders TD and Kushner MJ, (1989). Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 102.
Boichenko AM, Karelin AV and Yakovlenko SI, (1995). Quantum Electronics 25, 521 DOI: 10.1070/QE1995v025n06ABEH000403.
Bochkov AV, Kryzhanovsky VA, Magda EP, Murzin SL, Mukhin AE, Neznakhina AE Proceeding of the 2 International Conference “Physics of Nuclear-Excited Plasma and Problems of Nuclear-Pumped Lasers” Arzamas-16, (1995), 1, 154.
De Young RJ, Weaver WR J. Opt. Soc. Am., 70, (5), 500.
Mavluytov AA, Mis’kevich AI Pisma v ZhTF (1996), 22, (8), 48 (in Russia).
Mis’kevich AI, (2015). Technical Physics 60, 1367 DOI: 10.1134/S1063784215090121.
Mis’kevich AI, Guo JB, (2013). Quantum Electronics 43, 489 DOI: 10.1070/QE2013v043n05ABEH015022.
Mis’kevich AI, Guo JB and Dyuzhov YA, (2013). Quantum Electronics 43, 1003 DOI: 10.1070/QE2013v043n11ABEH000000.
Mis’kevich AI, (2015) Optics and Spectroscopy 118, 857 DOI: 10.1134/S0030400X15060144.
Mis’kevich AI, (2016). Vestnik Natsional’nogo issledovatel’skogo yadernogo universiteta “MIFI” 5, 401 (in Russian). DOI: 10.1134/S2304487X1604009X.
Budnik AP, Vakulovskii AS and Sokolov Y, (1995). Second International Conference on “Physics of nuclear-induced plasmas and problems of nuclear-pumped lasers (NPL-94) 26-30 September 1994, Arzamas-16. Arzamas-16, VNIIEF Publ. 1, 90.
Budnik AP, Dobrovol’skaya IV, (1995). Second International Conference on “Physics of nuclear-induced plasmas and problems of nuclear-pumped lasers (NPL-94) 26-30 September 1994, Arzamas-16 Arzamas-16, VNIIEF Publ. 1, 97.
Raizer YP, Physics of gas discharge Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1987, 591 p.