American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 7, Issue 5, September 2018, Pages: 180-184
Received: Oct. 1, 2018;
Accepted: Oct. 25, 2018;
Published: Nov. 26, 2018
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Jiu-Ming Li, School of Science, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin, China
Bo-Ying Zhang, School of Science, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin, China
Xue-Qun Yan, School of Science, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin, China
Quantum Zeno effect can be applied to quantum information processing，and can reveal the nature of quantum measurement. In addition, it has also many potential applications. This suggests that studying the quantum Zeno effect has great theoretical and experimental significance. In this work, the system of a two-level atom interacting with a single mode field is considered and the dynamics of the system subjected to successive projection measurements is studied, and the quantum Zeno effect is presented. Moreover, the influence of the quantum Zeno effect on atomic population inversion is discussed. Based on Schrödinger equation, the survival probability of the initial state of the two-level atom subjected to frequently repeated measurements can be obtained. The survival probability depends on the time interval between measurements. It is seen that the exponential decay of the system under slowly frequent measurements is presented instead of the naturally oscillatory process. For slowly repeated measurements the atomic population inversion and the survival probability of initial state decline rapidly at the early time and then both of them become unchanged. As the time intervals of the measurements are sufficiently short, the quantum Zeno effect occurs. These results have also shown how the measurement can inhibit the atomic population inversion.
Quantum Zeno Effect and Atomic Population Inversion, American Journal of Modern Physics.
Vol. 7, No. 5,
2018, pp. 180-184.
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